August 19, 2010
The United States Army Operating Concept: 2016-2028
TRADOC Pam 525-3-1
The Army Operating Concept describes how future Army forces “conduct operations to deter conflict, prevail in war, and succeed in a wide range of contingencies in the future operational environment.” The Concept helps guide and prioritize future force development as well as revisions in Army doctrine, organizations, training, materiel, leadership and education.
For the first time ever, this document specifically addresses MARO and references Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook.
5-9: pp 33-34
b. Future Army forces must be prepared to conduct mass atrocity response operations (MARO) as part of full-spectrum operations. MARO depends on the detection and prevention of genocide, and if prevention fails, seeks to halt the violence as quickly as possible to set conditions for lasting peace.
c. The first step toward prevention is building a reliable process for assessing risks and generating detection of potential atrocities. Detection requires nontraditional types of information from nontraditional sources. There is tremendous expertise outside the U.S. government in academia, international nongovernmental organizations, think tanks, civic groups, and other governments. Yet cooperation between the U.S. government and these other organizations with respect to detection remains relatively underdeveloped.
d. Military operations can play an important role in deterring and suppressing violence. Commanders must be prepared to rapidly transition between a wide array of operations. They must also anticipate and plan for any second and third order effects that such interventions may provoke within the area of operations and even throughout the region.
e. In planning and executing MARO, commanders must remember that victims and perpetrators can switch roles quickly, thus increasing the complexity of the situation. Army forces typically participate in MARO as part of a larger stability operation, and combined with a myriad of other tasks. MARO requires combined arms formations and unity of purpose with interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational partners to create a secure environment, establish rule of law, and build security and government organizations able to maintain stability and prevent further atrocities.
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