The MARO Military Planning Handbook:
To be released in early 2010.
From 2007 to 2008, the MARO Project Team and the Core Planning Group developed a draft MARO
Annotated Planning Framework. The purpose of this first document was to provide military
planners with tools to help them develop mass atrocity and genocide intervention options. The
document used a left/right format, presenting the U.S. military’s Joint Operation Planning
and Execution System-related information on the left side, and annotated notes specific
to MARO-type contingencies on the right. The Project also developed two generic mass
atrocity scenarios that accompanied the Framework.
The MARO Project presented the APF to many different audiences since 2008 – military,
civilian, NGO, international. Based on considerable feedback about the format, clarity,
and usefulness of the APF, the MARO Project team and Core Planning Group decided in 2009
to substantially revise the document.
The result of this is a more complete and user-friendly MARO Military Planning
Handbook, which is due to be released in early 2010.
The MARO Military Planning Handbook provides an in-depth explanation of how a MARO is a
different type of military operation, and the ways in which a MARO mission – which is to
stop the widespread and systematic killing of civilians – poses unique military and
political challenges. Like the APF, it provides military planners with a framework and
tools to assist them in thinking through and planning for a MARO. Real-world scenarios have
been developed as well, and will be exercised with the US military. While initially designed
for U.S. military planners, the Planning Handbook will be useful and accessible to planners
from other nations, as well as regional and international organizations.