Director, Program on National Security and Human Rights
Email: Sarah_Sewall at hks.harvard.edu
Ph - (617) 496-4843
Sarah Sewall teaches international affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, where she also directs the Program on National Security and Human Rights. Dr. Sewall is the founder and faculty director of the Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO) Project. She is currently leading a study on civilian casualties with the United States Military. She led the Obama Transitions National Security Agency Review process in 2008. During the Clinton Administration, Dr. Sewall served as the first Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance. From 1983-1996, she served as Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell on the Democratic Policy Committee and the Senate Arms Control Observer Group. Before joining Harvard, Dr. Sewall was at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences where she edited The United States and the International Criminal Court (2002). Her more recent publications include the introduction to the University of Chicago Edition of the U.S. Army and Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Manual (2007) and, with John White, Parameters of Partnership: U.S. Civil-Military Relations in the 21st Century (2009). She is a member of the U.S. Department of Defense's Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee and the Center for Naval Analyses Defense Advisory Committee and is on the board of Oxfam America. She graduated from Harvard College and received her doctorate from Oxford University, where she was a Rhodes Scholar.
Please note: During the 2012 calendar year, Dr. Sewall will be visiting
as the Minerva Chair at the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.
Fellows - 2008/2009
Ph - (617) 495-9362
Bonnie Docherty is a Lecturer on Law and Clinical Instructor at the International Human Rights
Clinic of Harvard Law School's Human Rights Program. She is also Researcher in the Arms
Division of Human Rights Watch (HRW). She is an expert on international humanitarian law, particularly
involving cluster munitions and civilian protection during war. For Human Rights Watch,
she has conducted field research and written reports on cluster munition use in Lebanon (2006)
and Afghanistan (2001-2002) and the civilian effects of armed conflict in Israel (2006),
Israel/Gaza (2005), and Iraq (2003). Through writing and advocacy, she has participated
in the campaign for the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which culminated in its adoption in
May 2008. At the Clinic, her areas of focus include international humanitarian law,
freedom of expression, and human rights and the environment. She received her A.B.
from Harvard University and her J.D. from Harvard Law School. Before law school, she worked
as a journalist for three years.
Fellows - 2007/2008
Filkins is a foreign correspondent for The New York
Times. From March 2003 until August 2006, he was a correspondent
in the paper' s Baghdad bureau. Prior to that, he was chief
of the paper' s Istanbul bureau and a correspondent in Afghanistan,
where he covered the war there in 2001 and 2002. He is writing
a book about Afghanistan and Iraq, to published by Alfred R.
Knopf. Filkins' work in Iraq and Afghanistan has received a
number of awards, including a George Polk award for his coverage
of the assault on Falluja in November 2004. During the attack
on Falluja, Filkins accompanied a company of Marines, a quarter
of whom were killed or wounded in eight days. In 2002, he was
a finalist for a Pulitzer Prize for his work from Afghanistan.
Filkins joined The New York Times in 2000. Prior to that, he
was the New Delhi bureau chief for The Los Angeles Times. From
1987 until 1995, he was a reporter for the Miami Herald. Filkins
has an M.Phil. in International Relations from Oxford University
and a B.A. in government from the University of Florida, where
he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He grew up in Cape Canaveral,
M. Sulmasy, Esq., Commander, USCG, JA
M. Sulmasy, Esq., Commander, USCG, JA, is
a judge advocate, an associate professor of law at the United
States Coast Guard Academy, and an adjunct faculty at Roger
Williams University School of Law. Commander Sulmasy was a Professor
of International Law at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport,
R.I., for the 2003-2004 academic year. He has served in numerous
operational billets at sea including tours of duty in the Caribbean,
the Mediterranean and Red Sea with the Navy during the first
Gulf War and along the coast of the United States. Commander
Sulmasy has also been an aide/fellow to former Congressman Rob
Simmons (Ct-2). He received his B.S. in government from the
United States Coast Guard Academy, Juris Doctor cum laude from
the University of Baltimore School of Law and an LL.M. from
Boalt Hall School of Law at UC Berkeley. Commander Sulmasy has
received numerous military awards including: three Meritorious
Service Medals, Joint Service Commendation Medal, USCG Commendation
Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, Operation Desert Shield Medal
and Kuwait Liberation Medal. He has received commendations for
his service from the U.S. Congress, Governor of the State of
Connecticut, and the United States Attorney for the District
Jonathan Tracy is a military and legal consult to CIVIC (Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict). Jonathan served as a Judge Advocate in the U.S. Army from 2002 until 2005. He was assigned to the First Armored Division in Baumholder, Germany and deployed with that unit to Baghdad for fourteen months in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. His primary responsibility in Iraq was serving as a Claims Officer. In that position he adjudicated claims filed by Iraqis who were harmed by U.S. or coalition military operations. Jonathan earned an LL.M. in the International Legal Studies Program at American University Washington College of Law with a specialization in the International Protection of Human Rights. Jonathan holds a B.A. degree from James Madison University and a Juris Doctorate magna cum laude from Chase College of Law.
Fellows - 2006/2007
William Arkin is a Washington Post online columnist ("Early Warning") and NBC News military analyst. He is also an adjunct professor at the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, U.S. Air Force, where he is completing a study of airpower in the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah war. Arkin started his career as a U.S. Army intelligence analyst and has since worked in a variety of non-governmental organizations on arms control and military affairs, including the Natural Resources Defense Council, where he worked on nuclear issues throughout the 1980's and 1990's; Greenpeace International, where he was the director of military research; and Human Rights Watch, where he was senior military advisor until 2003. He has been a columnist for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and the Los Angeles Times and is author of a dozen books, most recently "Code Names: Deciphering U.S. Military Plans, Programs and Operations in the 9/11 World" and "Operation Iraqi Freedom: 22 Historic Days in Words and Pictures." While at the Carr Center, he will be completing a monograph "Why Civilians Die" based upon a comprehensive database of military conflicts in the precision era and will be completing his chapter for Sarah Sewall's upcoming edited volume, "In Search of the Perfect War," analyzing the civilian effects of collateral damage in recent U.S. wars.
Fellows - 2005/2006
Major William D. Casebeer is an intelligence officer in the United States Air Force. He holds degrees in political science from the US Air Force Academy (BS), philosophy from the University of Arizona (MA), and cognitive science and philosophy from the University of California at San Diego (PhD), where his dissertation received the campus-wide outstanding thesis award. Major Casebeer' s research interests include military ethics, interdisciplinary approaches to non-state political violence/terrorism, and the neural mechanisms of moral judgment and narrative processing. He is author of Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition (MIT Press), and co-author of Warlords Rising: Confronting Violent Non-State Actors (Lexington Books). Bill has published on topics ranging from the morality of torture interrogation to the rhetoric of evil in international relations (in venues such as Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Biology and Philosophy, and International Studies), and has experience as a Middle East affairs analyst. Formerly an Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Air Force Academy, he will be researching issues related to collateral damage in military operations, and the impact of armed groups on ethical aspects of international relations. Bill is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations and an Associate of the Institute for National Security Studies.
Jeanne Guillemin, with twenty years of experience in the investigation of biological weapons controversies, she has published broadly about them in Science, Scientific American, The Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, and The New England Journal of Medicine. She did her undergraduate work at Harvard University and received her graduate degree in sociology and anthropology from Brandeis University in 1973. She has been a Congressional Fellow (sponsored by the American Anthropological Association) and a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow at the Hastings Center for the Study of Society, Ethics, and the Life Sciences in New York . She is an associate of the Harvard-Sussex Program, a major institute for the study of biological and chemical weapons non-proliferation. Her book Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak (University of California Press, 1999, pb 2001) is the definitive account of the 1992 team research of the largest inhalational anthrax epidemic in recorded history, which in 1979 killed sixty-six people in the Soviet city of Sverdlovsk . More recently she is the author of Biological Weapons: From the Invention of State Programs to Contemporary Bioterrorism (Columbia University Press, 2005). Her current research is on the suppression of evidence concerning the Japanese biological warfare program during the 1946-1948 Tokyo war crimes trial, in the name of US national security.
Cris Stephen served with the New Zealand Army from 1988-1997, inclusive of tours of duty as an infantry officer throughout Southeast Asia and the Pacific, and with United Nations Protection Force in Bosnia-Herzegovina throughout 1994-95. From 1999 he was the Political Officer for the United Nations Mine Action Service within the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, where he was desk officer responsible for assessment and monitoring of the landmine threat, policy development, and coordination with other UN and non-UN agencies and partners. Since September 2001 he has been the Programme Officer for Afghanistan and has been responsible for ongoing day-to-day support to the efforts of the United Nations, international community, NGOs and Government of Afghanistan in that country.
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