Working Group on Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking

Together with the Carr Center Human Rights and Social Movements Program, the Program on Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery convenes a monthly Working Group. Christina Bain and Timothy Patrick McCarthy co-chair the Working Group.

Current Working Group Members Are:

Timothy Patrick McCarthy, Harvard Kennedy School

Timothy Patrick McCarthy is Lecturer on History and Literature, Adjunct Lecturer on Public Policy, and Faculty Affiliate at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School.  He also serves on the tutorial board for the Committee on Degrees in Studies of Women, Gender, and Sexuality in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.  A scholar of media and communications, American race relations, and democratic social movements, Dr. McCarthy graduated with honors from Harvard College in 1993 and earned his M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D. in U.S. History from Columbia University.  He has published two books – The Radical Reader:  A Documentary History of the American Radical Tradition (New Press, 2003) and Prophets of Protest:  Reconsidering the History of American Abolitionism (New Press, 2006) – and is currently working on several other book projects.  An award-winning teacher and public servant, his essays and reviews have appeared in the Boston Globe, Journal of American History, In These Times, Gay and Lesbian Review, Souls, Journal for the Study of Radicalism, Folha, The Sixties, and The Nation.  Dr. McCarthy is a frequent media commentator, and he lectures widely on topics ranging from history and literature to politics and human rights.

Project/Research:  As faculty director of the new program on Human Rights and Social Movements at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Dr. McCarthy’s research will focus on three main areas:  race relations and civil rights; LGBT politics and policy; and modern-day slavery and human trafficking.  Drawing on his training as an historian, he has begun work on several writing projects that trace the “long history” of slavery and abolition, connecting the antislavery movements of the 18th and 19th centuries with the modern-day movement to abolish slavery in our own time.  Along with Christina Bain, he will co-chair the Carr Center’s Working Group on Modern-Day Slavery and Human Trafficking.

Christina Bain, Babson College

Christina Bain founded the Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, and served as its director through the spring of 2013. Prior to her time at the Kennedy School, Christina was appointed by Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney as the Executive Director of the Governor's Commission on Sexual and Domestic Violence, a statewide commission of over 340 public and private sector partners. She previously served as the Public Affairs Liaison to Massachusetts Lieutenant Governor Kerry Healey where she worked on domestic violence and criminal justice issues, including human trafficking and sex offender management. Christina also served as a Special Assistant to Governor Jane Swift of Massachusetts. Since 2006, she has been a member of the Massachusetts Human Trafficking Task Force, one of the 42 statewide anti-trafficking task forces funded by the U.S. Department of Justice. In 2012, Christina became a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade.

Project/Research:  The Program on Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy is a new program focused on expanding the understanding of human trafficking and bringing this international human rights crisis to an end. The initiative aims to create a global effort through building a network of scholars and practitioners, developing best practices, disseminating information, and conducting research. Information will be disseminated through a series of online conferences, scholarly lectures, a fellows program, and student internships. This initiative will not only educate, but provide connections and information-sharing for anti-trafficking policymakers and future public policy leaders around the world.

Christina most recently worked in conjunction with Professor Jacqueline Bhabha and Tina Alifrev of Tufts University on an 11-country study on victims of trafficking and access to international protection.

Girish J. Gulati, Bentley University

Girish J. Gulati is Assistant Professor of Global Studies at Bentley University. Research and teaching interests include political representation, campaigns and elections, political communications and the mass media, telecommunications and Internet policy, education policy, and sports law. Current research projects include (1) examination of how legislators and candidates communicate with the public over the Internet; and (2) analysis of the implications of population diversity for campaigning, elections, and public policy making. He is the author of "Members of Congress and the Presentation of Self on the WWW," Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, and "Revisiting the Link between Electoral Competition and Policy Extremism in the United States Congress," American Politics Research. Professor Gulati is also a survey researcher, having designed studies to assess the effectiveness of academic programs and policies in higher education, election polls, and surveys for non-profits, interest groups and local governments. He has previously taught at Wellesley College, University of Virginia, and the Ralph Bunche Summer Institute.


Media Representation of Human Trafficking in Three Liberal Democracies, 2000-2005

This study examines whether the media have represented a broad range of ideas in their coverage of human trafficking.  While there have been a number of studies that have described the extent of the trafficking problem and the policy responses, the role of the media within the context of human trafficking has received very limited attention. Theories of media framing and past studies of media coverage of human rights issues suggest that viewpoints on trafficking will have been voiced mostly by official and other establishment sources. From a content analysis of the coverage of human trafficking in six major newspapers in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada between 2000 and 2006 (N=~850), I show that only a limited range of viewpoints have been presented.  The coverage has presented the view that criminal activity has been the primary cause for trafficking and that the main way to combat trafficking is to build on current policy.  While the coverage has served to legitimize the views and decisions of established policymakers, it also has marginalized alternative viewpoints and criticism of government policy.  The findings will be explained and interpreted further by drawing on interviews with journalists, NGO leaders, and activists.  This study will make a significant contribution to the study of communication by examining a critical function (i.e., representation of viewpoints) of the news media that has received less attention.

Leadership and Gender in Foreign Policy Making: The Role of Women in Anti-Trafficking Policy in the U.S. Congress

This study examines the role that women members of Congress have played in international human rights policy by analyzing U.S. policy on sex trafficking between 1999 and 2008.  The problem of trafficking and human trafficking more broadly defined has important implications for women’s equality and well-being and, thus, it would be expected that women in Congress would be more focused on this issue than men. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that countries with more women representatives in their national legislatures are more likely to pursue anti-trafficking initiatives than countries with fewer women members. Although feminists took the early lead in bringing attention to this issue, interest goes beyond women’s equality; it has attracted the attention of men and women policy makers and activists concerned about human rights more generally, labor rights, immigration and national security. Religious conservatives also have taken a keen interest in this issue and other international problems with a sexual/moral dimension.  To better understand the response to trafficking and the specific role played by women, this study examines the effect that gender has on bill sponsorship and bill co-sponsorship on human trafficking between the 106th and 110th Congresses. A series of multivariate models will be estimated to test the hypothesis that women are more likely than men to sponsor and co-sponsor anti-trafficking bills in the U.S. House after controlling for all other variables. The findings will be explained and interpreted further by drawing on interviews with interest group and NGO leaders, and congressional staffers.  This study will make a significant contribution to the study of legislative behavior and gender representation by examining the role that women have in foreign policy making, human rights policy, and in issues that go beyond impacting women.

Malcolm Sparrow, Harvard Kennedy School

Malcolm K. Sparrow is Professor of the Practice of Public Management at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He is Faculty Chair of the Kennedy School’s Master of Public Policy Program, and of Executive Programs on (a) Strategic Management of Regulatory and Enforcement Agencies, (b) Corruption Control, and (c) Leadership in a Counter-Terrorist Environment. Professor Sparrow holds an M.A. in Mathematics from Cambridge University (England); an M.P.A. from the Kennedy School of Government; and a Ph.D in Applied Mathematics from the University of Kent at Canterbury (England). A mathematician by training, he joined the British Police Service in 1977, serving for ten years and rising to the rank of Detective Chief Inspector.  At that rank he headed the Kent County Constabulary Fraud Squad.  He has also conducted internal affairs investigations, commanded a tactical firearms unit, and had extensive experience of criminal investigation and general police management.  He left the police to take up a faculty appointment at Harvard in 1988. His recent publications include the following books: The Character of Harms: Operational Challenges in Control (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England & New York, USA, 2008); License to Steal: How Fraud Bleeds America’s Health Care System (2nd edition, Westview Press, Denver, Colorado & Oxford, England, 2000); The Regulatory Craft:  Controlling Risks, Solving Problems, and Managing Compliance (Brookings Institution Press, Washington D.C., 2000); License to Steal: Why Fraud Plagues America's Health Care System (Westview Press: Denver, Colorado & Oxford, England, 1996); Imposing Duties: Government's Changing Approach to Compliance (Praeger Books:  Westport, Connecticut & London, 1994); Beyond 911: A New Era for Policing, with Mark H. Moore & David M. Kennedy (Basic Books:  New York, 1990); Ethics in Government: The Moral Challenge of Public Leadership, with Mark H. Moore (Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1990).

Project/Research:  His current research interests relate to the risk-control functions of government, and to the special managerial challenges that confront agencies of social regulation and law enforcement.  In this work he has focused particularly on the fields of policing, environmental protection, tax administration, customs, occupational safety & health, fraud control, corruption control; and has developed new models of performance measurement, information management and analysis needed to support effective risk-control operations.  He is also a patent holding inventor in the area of automated fingerprint identification systems [AFIS], having developed the topological approach to fingerprint matching which was built into the FBI's NCIC system.

Catherine Caldwell-Harris, Boston University

Catherine Caldwell-Harris, PhD, is Associate Professor of Psychology, Boston University.  I do research in cross-cultural psychology, with topics such as individualism-collectivism, how cultures influences emotional expression, bilingualism and immigrant language acquisition. I do not do any research on trafficking, but out of personal interest/concern, I have begun to discuss this topic in my classes on Developmental Psychology and Cross-Cultural Psychology. In my class on Developmental Psychology, after my lecture on trafficking, several students decided to do their final project on this topic.

Project/Research:  I am interested in what writers, poets and playwrights are doing about addressing trafficking and related issues.  I have written a poem about sex trafficking which I may try to publish or distribute in some way. I also have a short play (15-minutes, convenient festival length) about organ trafficking, "A Kidney for Dearie."  This play includes quotations (from newspaper articles) from mostly poverty stricken organ donors who were exploited or coerced, or who experienced negative physical or social repercussions.  I included the full spectrum of outcome.   The drama of the play revolves around an American family where the parents are divided over the ethics of transplant tourism in order to save their teenage daughter. 

Alicia Foley Winn, Suffolk Law School

Alicia Foley Winn graduated from Northeastern University; holds a J.D. from the Suffolk University Law School; and received an LL.M. in International Law from The Washington College of Law at American University.  Alicia has worked on anti-human trafficking initiatives since 2006, when she joined the staff of The Protection Project at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (JHU-SAIS) in Washington DC.  Alicia has worked on a variety of modern day slavery issues, with a focus on sex trafficking in both domestic and international contexts.  Currently Alicia is co-instructor of a JHU-SAIS on-line international human rights law course; and is co-investigator on an interventions research project at the Tufts Feinstein International Center.  Alicia’s interventions research documents the reintegration of formerly trafficked women living in the greater Boston area.  Alicia also serves as Executive Director of the Boston Initiative to Advance Human Rights, a new non-profit that delivers human rights advocacy and develops anti-sex trafficking outreach programs, research and training materials.

Project/Research: Alicia’s current project is the Her Equality Rights and Autonomy (HERA) program, which facilitates and documents the reintegration of formerly trafficked women through delivery of entrepreneurship training and mentorship.  The research component is supported through the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University and the entrepreneurship training is provided by the Northeastern University College of Business Administration.  HERA is an “interventions research” project, meaning that the researcher manipulates or intervenes in the subject’s environment, rather than limiting the research to observation and analysis.   Along with Lynellyn D. Long, originator of the HERA program in Belgrade and faculty at Tufts, Alicia is working with a combination of US and non-US citizen women who have been trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation and tracking their progress as they are exposed to an academic environment and mentors who will assist them in personal growth.

Alicia’s interest for future research involves looking at effective reintegration strategies (particularly through education) for female child soldiers in Uganda, where the Tufts Feinstein International Center has ongoing and extensive research presence and relationships with NGOs and community leaders.   In contemplation of this future area of focus Alicia will go to Uganda in early May and meet with various organizations, government officials, and a recent Women Waging Peace Forum visitor, Lina Zedriga. 

Amy Farrell, Northeastern University

Dr. Farrell is an Assistant Professor in the College of Criminal Justice and the Associate Director of the Institute on Race and Justice at Northeastern University.   Her research focuses on disparity in the criminal justice system.  Her primary research interests include understanding racial and gender differences the administration of justice, discretionary decision making, and prosecution and sentencing practices.   She has recently been conducting research on local law enforcement responses to human trafficking and is currently leading the development of a national human trafficking data collection program for the Bureau of Justice Statistics.  Dr. Farrell has testified about law enforcement identification of human trafficking before the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee.  She is a co-recipient of the National Institute of Justice’s W.E.B. Du Bois Fellowship on crime justice and culture. 

Project/Research: My research on human trafficking focuses on understanding the challenges local law enforcement agencies face identifying and investigating cases of human trafficking and assessing how those challenges impede our ability to accurately measure the scope of the problem.  We expect the police to learn about the problem of human trafficking, identify victims and make arrests.  While we know that the number of victim identified by the police has paled in comparison to official estimates, but it is important to understand how frequently police do encounter situations involving human trafficking and how well prepared officers are to deal with these cases.  To address these questions we recently surveyed over 2,000 law enforcement agencies in the U.S. about their perceptions of and experience investigating human trafficking. We found local criminal justice officials are generally uninformed about the problem of human trafficking, have limited experiences investigating such cases and lack organizational tools such as protocols or policies to guide their identification and investigations.   While larger agencies are more likely to identify cases of trafficking, agency leader perception about the prevalence of the problem in the local community and the adoption of concrete steps to prepare officers to identify and respond to the problem are the most important factors to increase human trafficking identification by the police.  The data from this study provide the first benchmark of police identification of human trafficking in the U.S.  It was funded by the National Institute of Justice and released in 2008.

In addition to conducting survey research on law enforcement perceptions of and experience investigating human trafficking, we have partnered with a team of researchers from Urban Institute to design, build and implement the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS) for the Bureau of Justice Statistics.  The HTRS collects systematic information on human trafficking investigations originating from law enforcement agencies participating on federally funded task forces.  Data from the first year and a half of data collection in HTRS (2007- September 2008) were recently used by the Bureau of Justice Statistics for the report entitled Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-08. 

Over the past few years, I have had the opportunity to participate in a number of international discussions about measuring human trafficking including the Technical Consultation on Forced Labour Indicators, Data Collection and National Estimates sponsored by the International Labour Office and Developing New Approaches to the Study of Trafficking sponsored by the International Office on Migration and the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking.  Most recently, I have begun working with a team of researchers in Boston and Washington, DC, to conduct a systematic review of existing estimates of victims of severe forms of human trafficking in the United States and to suggest improved estimates of the prevalence of human trafficking based on the existing and research for Humanity United. 

Swanee Hunt, Harvard Kennedy School

Swanee Hunt, Eleanor Roosevelt Lecturer in Public Policy, was the Founding Director of the Women and Public Policy Program at the Harvard Kennedy School. She is currently core faculty at the Center for Public Leadership and an advisor to the Program on Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy. She has taught a Harvard College course on “The Choreography of Social Movements,” and lectured at Harvard’s graduate schools of business, law, divinity, and education.

An expert on domestic policy and foreign affairs, Hunt is president of the 27 year-old Hunt Alternatives Fund. The Fund operates out of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and is focused on strengthening youth arts organizations, supporting leaders of social movements, combating human trafficking, and increasing philanthropy. 

Hunt also chairs the Washington-based Institute for Inclusive Security, conducting research, training, and advocacy to integrate women into peace processes. Her seminal work in this area began when, as the U.S. Ambassador to Austria from 1993 to 1997, she hosted negotiations and international symposia focused on stabilizing the neighboring Balkan states and on the encouragement of women leaders throughout Eastern Europe. Building on her extensive work with US non-governmental organizations, she became a specialist in the role of women in post-communist Europe.

She has authored two books: the award-winning This Was Not Our War: Bosnian Women Reclaiming the Peace, and a memoir, Half-Life of a Zealot. Her most recent manuscript, Worlds Apart: the Bosnian Case in Pursuit of Global Security, is in publication.

Hunt is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and serves on the board of Crisis Group. She has a BA in philosophy, two masters degrees (in psychology and religion), and a doctorate in theology.

Project/Research: Modern-day slavery is a new focus area for Hunt Alternatives. The Abolish Demand Project supports the modern-day slavery movement by combating the demand for sex trafficking. By conducting and disseminating research, convening key stakeholders to share best practices, and educating policymakers, Abolish Demand catalyzes systemic social change to reflect the dignity of all people. In order to eliminate the demand for commercial sex, it is necessary to understand the attitudes, backgrounds, and behavior of the men who buy women and to examine and highlight existing demand reduction efforts that can be replicated. 

Michael Shively, Abt Associates

Michael Shively is a Senior Associate at Abt Associates Inc. He recently completed an evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program, an initiative designed to reduce the demand for prostitution and sex trafficking in San Francisco. He is currently leading the National Assessment of Sex Trafficking Demand Reduction Efforts, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice. For the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons from the U.S. Department of State, he is currently assessing the evaluability of the national sex trafficking demand reduction program in the Republic of Korea. He has a long-running interest in the study of violence against women and children, publishing several journal articles and book chapters on sexual assault, co-directing an evaluation of a prison-based batterer’s treatment program, conducting research on the relationships between prior abuse and crime among female gang members, and studying hate crime among Massachusetts public high school students. For the CDC he coauthored a recently published guide for evaluating the effectiveness of programs designed to prevent intimate partner violence. In addition, he has conducted a number of projects involving estimating the prevalence of various types of crime, and measuring the success of interventions. Prior to his position at Abt Associates, Dr. Shively served as Deputy Director of Research and head of the Evaluation Unit for the Massachusetts Department of Correction, and as an Assistant Professor at the College of Criminal Justice at Northeastern University. While at these positions, he also served on the Massachusetts Governor’s Commission on Criminal Justice Innovation, the Massachusetts Criminal History Systems Board, and the Cambridge Neighborhood Safety Task Force.

Roy Ahn, Massachusetts General Hospital

Roy Ahn, ScD, is associate director of policy and research, of the Division of Global Health & Human Rights (Department of Emergency Medicine) at Massachusetts General Hospital. His recent research projects and/or publications have focused on sex trafficking of women and girls; health-sector human resource capacity in developing countries; corporate social responsibility and global health; and potential use of medical technologies in under-served areas. He was previously senior administrative manager of the MGH Center for Global Health. Prior to MGH, he was a research fellow of Harvard’s Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations. He has published various case studies on philanthropy and nonprofit management in Harvard Kennedy School’s Case Program, and helped developed course materials for an HKS Executive Education online course on nonprofit strategy. He has consulted to major private philanthropic foundations, and served on an advisory committee of the City of Boston's Office of New Bostonians. He received a doctorate of science from Harvard School of Public Health in March, 2005.

Linda Williams, UMass Lowell

Linda M. Williams, Ph.D. is Professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology, at the University of Massachusetts Lowell.  She has worked with governmental, professional and community based organizations for the past 36 years to understand, prevent and improve system response to crimes of sexual violence, sexual exploitation of children and youth, and domestic violence.  She has directed research on sexual exploitation of children, sex offenders, violence against women, and the consequences of child abuse. Prof. Williams is author of 4 books and numerous scholarly publications on these topics and has presented her work and lectured at numerous conferences in the US and internationally. She is a past president of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, and served on the National Research Councils’ Panel on Violence Against Women and as co-director of the National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center. Dr. Williams has been principal investigator on 15 U.S. federally funded research projects and is currently directing a study of prostituted teens funded by the US Department of Justice and CDC-funded research on use of social marketing and in-person training programs to enhance bystander behaviors to prevent relationship violence on college campuses. She has provided expert testimony and consultation on civil and criminal suits related to recovered memory, sexual abuse in institutions, and the consequences of child sexual abuse.

Project/ Research: My research relies on multiple methods including longitudinal, quantitative and qualitative designs.  I am currently PI on two federally funded research grants. My research on interpersonal violence and abuse and has most recently focused on sex trafficking of women and children and on understanding the broader social causes and consequences of interpersonal violence. My US Department of Justice funded project, “Pathways to commercial sexual victimization of children—a life course perspective” is a study of the pathways into and out of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) via prostitution and was designed to provide useful information to practice and policy communities and increase the safety and well being of victimized teens. Since the time of the funding, along with partners in Boston and Washington, D.C., I have conducted an in-depth field-based study of high risk runaway and prostituted teens. A critical component of this project is that we have sought to listen to the voices of the youth themselves– through their narrative accounts of their lives and pathways to CSEC – to better understand the perspectives of these adolescent victims. The adolescents we interviewed were not predominately involved in large cases known to law enforcement -- they were mostly runaway, homeless, or “thrown away” youth.  This work includes collaboration with programs serving youth and victims of violence in the community.  This summer I am focusing primarily on writing the results of the research and working intensively with community based organizations and youth advisory groups to interpret the findings and make recommendations.

Kate Nace Day, Suffolk University Law School

Kate Nace Day is a Professor of Law at Suffolk University Law School where she teaches Constitutional Law, International Human Rights: A Women’s Model, and Film and the Law. She uses films about sex trafficking in all her courses to alter classroom experiences that affect learned lessons of caring, justice and self-worth, to re-imagine the relationship between sex, power and law, and to engage students in the human work of combating sex trafficking.  Her academic pedagogy regarding the rights of victims and the empowerment of women law students is foundational to her collaboration with Alicia Foley Winn, Executive Director of the Boston Initiative To Advance Human Rights (BITAHR), organizing a Human Rights Film Festival and Academic Conference currently entitled “Sex Trafficking, Human Rights and Film: Critical Inquiries.” Preliminary research indicates that this conference will be the first of its kind, merging filmmakers and academics in order to understand the phenomenon on all levels, from theory to practical solutions and law. 

Francis L. Delmonico, MD, Harvard Medical School

Dr. Francis L. Delmonico, MD received a Doctor of Medicine degree from George Washington University.  His initial general surgical training was under the direction of pioneer transplant surgeon Dr. David Hume at the Medical College of Virginia.  In 1974, Dr. Delmonico interrupted his general surgical training to complete a two-year Clinical and Research Fellowship in Transplantation at the Massachusetts General Hospital.  He then returned to the Medical College of Virginia to continue his general surgical residency training, which he completed in 1978 as Chief Resident in Surgery. After serving for two years in the United States Navy as a Staff Surgeon at Walter Reed Medical Center, an Assistant Professor of Surgery at the Uniformed Services University School of Medicine, and as Ship's Surgeon on the USS Independence, Dr. Delmonico was recruited to MGH in 1980 as a member of the Transplantation Unit of the Department of Surgery.  He was promoted to Visiting Surgeon (MGH's highest surgical title) in 1997 and to Professor of Surgery at the Harvard Medical School in 2000. From 1990 until 2004 he was the Director of the Renal Transplantation Service at MGH. Dr. Delmonico was appointed Medical Director of the New England Organ Bank (NEOB) in 1995.  He was awarded a Department of Health and Human Services Grant as the Principal Investigator of a project to study the acceptance of kidneys recovered from deceased expanded criteria donors. Dr. Delmonico has served as the Medical Advisor to the Association of Organ Procurement Organizations.

Dr. Delmonico has been a Board Member of the American Society of Transplantation (AST) and is the recipient of its Distinguished Service Award. Dr. Delmonico served on the Council of the American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS) and as the Chairman of the ASTS Ethics Committee. As Chairman of the Ethics Committee of The Transplantation Society (International), Dr. Delmonico convened an International Forum on the live Kidney donor in Amsterdam the Netherlands, in 2004, and on the liver lung, liver, intestine and pancreas donor in Vancouver Canada, in 2005, with participation of over 100 physicians and surgeons from 44 countries. He chaired the Istanbul Summit, with over 150 healthcare professionals, officials, scientists, ethicists and legal scholars from 78 countries and 20 international organizations. This effort culminated in the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. Dr. Delmonico is Director of Medical Affairs of The Transplantation Society. He works closely with the World Health Organization; he has been appointed as an expert WHO consultant on human organ transplantation. These appointments constitute the major aspect of his current efforts.

Lina Sidrys Nealon, Demand Abolition Program

Lina Sidrys Nealon is the director of the Demand Abolition program at Hunt Alternatives Fund, a family foundation that advances innovative and inclusive approaches to social change at the local, national, and global levels. Demand Abolition supports the movement to end modern-day slavery by combating the demand for illegal commercial sex in the US. Conducting and disseminating research, educating policymakers, consulting with criminal justice professionals, and convening key stakeholders, Demand Abolition is catalyzing social change that reflects the dignity of all people. Previously, Ms. Nealon served as policy specialist and trainer with The Institute for Inclusive Security, a research and advocacy organization that promotes the full participation of all stakeholders, especially women, in peace processes. Focusing on security sector reform in post-conflict areas, her work has led her to countries such as Afghanistan, Liberia, Kenya, and Israel, where she has led trainings for leaders in government, law enforcement, and civil society. Ms. Nealon’s dedication to eradicating slavery was inspired through volunteer efforts with the Florida-based Coalition of Immokalee Workers and Lithuanian organizations combating child sex trafficking. She serves on the advisory council of Women2Women International, and is a member of the Massachusetts Anti-Human Trafficking Taskforce and Harvard’s Kennedy School Working Group on Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery. Ms. Nealon graduated from the University of Notre Dame with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and International Relations. Together with her husband Brian, Ms. Nealon has organized the collection and shipment of over 10,000 books to the University of Liberia library and a girls’ school in Afghanistan that was once the country’s largest Taliban madrassa. She is hopeful that her one-year-old daughter ┼Żemyna will grow up in a world where human beings are no longer bought and sold for sex.

Jhumka Gupta, Yale School of Public Health

Jhumka Gupta, ScD is Assistant Professor at Yale School of Public Health. She is a social epidemiologist whose research focuses on migrant and conflict affected populations, both globally and within the United States (immigrants and refugees). Specifically, she investigates the mental and reproductive health implications of gender-based violence (including sex trafficking), and develops interventions aimed at reducing gender-based violence against women. She has authored over 30 peer-reviewed publications on these topics. Her extensive fieldwork spans Bangladesh, Colombia, Cote d'Ivoire, Haiti, India, Nepal, and South Africa.

Select publications specific to sex trafficking:

  • Gupta J, Reed E, Kershaw T, Blankenship KM. History of sex trafficking, recent experiences of violence, and HIV vulnerability among female sex workers in coastal Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (In press)
  • Gupta J, Raj A, Decker MR, Reed E, Silverman JG. HIV-related vulnerability among Indian survivors of sex trafficking. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2009; 107: 30-34.
  • Dharmadhikari AS, Gupta J, Decker MR, Raj A, Silverman JG. Tuberculosis and HIV: a global menace exacerbated via sex trafficking. Int J Infect Dis. 2009 Sep;13(5):543-6. Epub 2009 Jan 18.
  • Silverman JG, Decker MR, Gupta J, Maheshwari A, Willis BM, Raj A. HIV prevalence and predictors of infection in sex-trafficked Nepalese girls and women. JAMA. 2007 Aug 1;298(5):536-42.

Jack McDevitt, Northeastern University

Jack McDevitt is Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Criminal Justice, where he also directs the Institute on Race and Justice. Jack is the coauthor, with Jack Levin, of Hate Crimes Revisited, as well as coauthor of numerous governmental reports, including "Improving the Accuracy of Bias Crimes Statistics Nationally", which was released by the White House in 2000. He has been teaching and conducting research at Northeastern University for nearly the last two decades.

Mary Setterholm, Harvard Divinity School

Mary Setterholm is a student at Harvard Divinity School pursuing a Masters of Divinity with a goal for a PhD. Her past involvement in prostitution has certainly driven and informed her research for source material on prostitution and led to her recent discoveries, which have found support from the academy. She has founded Serenity Sisters for women seeking to thrive beyond merely surviving trafficking, sexual trauma, or prostitution - which is Marys story - but not her identity.

Siddharth Kara, Harvard Kennedy School

is an Adjunct Lecturer on Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School and the Director of the Carr Center Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery. He is also a Fellow on Forced Labor with the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health. Kara is one of the world's foremost experts on contemporary slavery and co-developed/taught the first human trafficking course at the Harvard Kennedy School. Kara is best known for his award-winning book, Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery, the first of three books he is writing on the subjects of human trafficking and contemporary slavery. Sex Trafficking was named co-winner of the prestigious 2010 Frederick Douglass Award at Yale University for the best non-fiction book on slavery. The Award is generally regarded as the top prize in the field of slavery scholarship, and Kara's is the first book on modern slavery to receive the award. Kara's second book on slavery, Bonded Labor: Inside the System of Slavery in South Asia was released in October, 2012. In addition to his books, Kara is also the author of several academic and law journal articles.  [More on Siddharth Kara]

Sharon Weinblum, Harvard Kennedy School

In 2012, Sharon Weinblum was a postdoctoral Fulbright scholar and a Belgian American Education Foundation fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy where she was part of the Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery. Sharon’s research focuses on Israeli politics and combines different approaches including discourse theory, critical theories of security, and political theory. Her PhD dissertation, The Management of Security and Democracy in Political Discourse: An Analysis of the Competing Discursive Articulations of the Security-Democracy Nexus in the Israeli Parliament, analyzed the competing narratives on the tension between security and democracy in parliamentary debates. Her current work focuses on migrant workers and asylum seekers in Israel. She is particularly interested in the way these groups are articulated in public discourse (including that of political actors, NGOs, the Supreme Court or the media) and in how this affects public policies.