MARO Project Reports and Papers:
MARO Workshop Report, December 2010: PKSOI's report on the MARO Project's December 2010 workshop held in Gettysburg, PA, with a forward from L.Gen. The Hon. Roméo A. Dallaire, (Ret'd), Senator. Over a two-day period, over 100 attendees from the military, government, international organizations, NGOs, academia, research institutions, and the private sector discussed MARO policy development, operations, logistics, comprehensive engagement, and moral/ethical/legal issues.
Mass Atrocity Crimes: Preventing Future Outrages, August 2010: Robert Rotberg's new book, Mass Atrocity Crimes: Preventing Future Outrages, includes a chapter by Sarah Sewall titled "From Prevention to Response: Using Military Force to Oppose Mass Atrocities." In it she urges "systematic and coordinated preparation for a MARO in the event that prevention fails" and shows how MARO planning can support non-violent prevention efforts to forestall the outbreak of mass killings.
NATO, July 1, 2010: Sarah Sewall's paper "NATO and Complex Operations: The Challenge of Responding to Mass Atrocity" now available in the NATO Defense College's Forum Paper "Complex Operations: NATO at war and on the margins of war."
Boston Review, September-October 2009: Sarah Sewall’s article “Do the Right Thing: A Genocide Policy that Works” was published in the Boston Review.
Research Paper, March 2008: Lt. Col. Clint Hinote’s research paper “Campaigning to Protect: Using Military Force to Stop Genocide and Mass Atrocities” presents options for using military force to stop genocide and mass atrocities and also proposes a model for designing military campaigns for these efforts.
MARO Training Sessions:
MARO Project PKSOI Representative Dwight Raymond has held a number of training sessions and TTXs at academic and military institutions throughout the U.S. These trainings involve a simulation exercise where students play the role of military planners and utilize the MARO Handbook to conduct informal planning related to a certain mass atrocity situation.
Below is a list of the most recent locations where Dwight Raymond has taught MARO TTXs and trainings:
- University of Maryland School of Public Policy (graduate elective), September 2010
- Brigham Young University (undergraduate elective), November 2010
- Young Professionals of Foreign Policy, Washington D.C., December 2010
- U.S. Naval Academy, MARO Briefing at USNA’s Africa Forum, February 2011
- George Mason University (graduate elective), March 2011
- Air Force Culture and Language Center (elective), March 2011
- University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, April 2011
- George Washington University (graduate elective), December 2011
MARO Training Sessions at the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation:
MARO Project Director Sally Chin and PKSOI Representative Dwight Raymond have taught sessions about MARO at the Raphael Lemkin Seminar for Genocide Prevention held by the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation in September 2011, April 2011, and June 2010 in Auschwitz-Birkenau.
The seminar's purpose is to discuss the phenomenon of genocide and the methods of genocide and mass atrocity prevention. Lecturers at the seminar include experts from the field and academic faculty. Attendees of this seminar include diplomats and ministry officials from around the world along with military educators and military students.
Students and educators from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College attended the MARO sessions held by Sally Chin and Dwight Raymond, which involved discussions on mass atrocity prevention and response. The MARO Handbook was well-received by attendees, seminar instructors, and seminar organizers.
MARO Training at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College:
The Genocide and Mass Atrocity Studies Program (GMASP) at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, KS is an interdepartmental program to provide students with the opportunity to engage in research on the topics of genocide and mass atrocities. For more information on GMASP, please see the program handout here.
Additionally, the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College also holds a course specifically on MARO. The course aims to prepare the participating officers for MARO staff planning and command responsibilities. It involves an examination of warning signs of mass atrocities, methods used by perpetrators, and case studies. For more information on the course, please see the course overview here.