Waldman, Matt, "Golden Surrender? The Risks..."

Title: “Golden Surrender? The Risks, Challenges, and Implications of Reintegration in Afghanistan”
Author: Matt Waldman
Publication Date: 4/1/2010
Abstract: Reintegration is more complex and difficult to accomplish than is commonly appreciated. There are significant obstacles, including lack of trust, insurgent cohesion, and revenge attacks on participants. There is also a dissonance between the economic incentives offered by reintegration and some of the powerful social, political, ideological, and personal factors that cause people to fight. A well‐executed reintegration scheme could have positive social, economic, and stabilisation benefits - and thus reduce the force of the insurgency – but if mishandled, it could do the reverse. Without intelligent design, effective delivery, and political resolve it has the potential to exacerbate local security conditions, undermine high‐level talks, and even increase insurgent recruitment. It could also distract policy‐makers from action to tackle the root causes of the conflict. Reintegration addresses the symptoms of the disease, and not the disease itself.
Full Text: PDF