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Esko Aho has enjoyed a distinguished career in the private sector and government service. Since 2008, he has led Nokia's government and public affairs function, overseeing the company's global policies and activities regarding sustainable development and social responsibility. He has been a member of the Nokia Leadership Team since 2009, stepping down from that role on August 31, 2012. He was prime minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995. He was elected to Parliament in 1983 and served on several key committees. He also served on the Nordic Council and the Finnish Delegation to the Council of Europe, is a former vice chairman of Liberal International, and was President of the Finnish Innovation Fund, SITRA, from 2004 to 2008. Currently, he is a member of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) World Council and vice chair of ICC Finland, as well as a board member of the Technology Academy Finland. He also serves as a board member of Terveystalo and is vice chairman of the board of Technology Industries of Finland. He holds a master's in social science from the University of Helsinki. As a senior fellow, Aho is pursuing research on the changing role of the state in maintaining welfare and global competitiveness. His faculty sponsor is Steven Kelman, Albert J. Weatherhead III and Richard W. Weatherhead Professor of Public Management.
Read about Esko Aho's Study Group on Reframing Government for the 21st Century
Richard J. Balzer
Richard J. Balzer has worked globally as an organizational consultant focused on leadership, strategy, and organizational change for over thirty years. He has served as a coach and advisor to chief executives and board chairmen. His clients have included British Petroleum, Standard Chartered Bank, Goldman Sachs, NBC, and the NBA. Balzer has also worked with a number of unions including the United Auto Workers, the United Steelworkers, the International Machinist Union, and the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers promoting joint labor-management efforts. A writer and photographer, he is the author of five books including Clockwork: Life In and Outside An American Factory, Next Door Down the Road and Around the Corner, and China Day By Day. He currently serves as the chairman of the Petra Foundation, an independent organization that identifies and awards grants to community-based leaders who work to address human rights and social justice issues throughout the United States. He is a graduate of Cornell University and Yale Law School. As a senior fellow, he is exploring the leadership skills required to steward major multi-nationals. His faculty sponsor is Max Bazerman, Jesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration.
Read about Richard Balzer's Study Group on Exploring Leadership and Personal Impact
Binta Niambi Brown
Binta Niambi Brown is a former partner in a large global law firm, currently taking a six-month sabbatical to focus on other projects. She has represented corporate clients in connection with corporate transactions and has advised general counsel and senior management officials of Fortune 1000 companies with respect to corporate governance matters. Also a startup advisor, Fortune Magazine listed her on its list of business’s 40 under 40 “hottest rising stars,” and the World Economic Forum honored her as a Young Global Leader in 2012. She was also named as one of the 2011 “40 Under 40” professionals in Crain’s New York Business, and the National Organization for Women recognized her as a “Woman of Power and Influence” in June 2011. She was an informal national security advisor to Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton’s presidential campaign, where she focused in particular on human rights and international institutions. In 2006, she served on Governor Eliot Spitzer's transition team as a member of his Transportation Policy Advisory Committee. In 2010, Brown served on Governor Andrew Cuomo's transition team, again as a member of his Transportation Policy Advisory Committee. She is a member of the Harvard Women's Leadership Board, the Council on Foreign Relations, and is a Truman National Security Fellow. She is a Trustee of Barnard College, Columbia University, a Trustee of each of the New York City Parks Foundation and the American Theatre Wing, and is a member of the Board of Directors of Human Rights First. Her pro bono practice has included advocating on behalf of women and girls, assisting with democratic institution-building and rule-of-law reforms, and engaging in other human rights matters throughout the world. In 2005, the U.S. Army and the Fifth Division of the Iraqi Army honored Brown for her pro bono support of a military operation that resulted in securing emergency medical care in the U.S. for a young Iraqi civilian. For pleasure, she plays the electric bass (in New York City area bands), piano, and banjo, and is an avid photographer. Brown’s work as a senior fellow will address market solutions to humanitarian and human rights problems. Her faculty sponsor is Prof. John Ruggie, Berthold Beitz Professor in Human Rights and International Affairs. email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Justin Fox is editorial director of the Harvard Business Review Group and the author of The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street. He also writes a blog for hbr.org and is a contributor to Time magazine. Before joining HBR Group in 2010, he wrote a weekly column for Time and created the Curious Capitalist blog for Time.com. Previously, Fox spent more than a decade working as a writer and editor at Fortune magazine, where he covered economics, finance, and international business. As a senior fellow, he will conduct research for a new project on the art and science of prediction. His faculty sponsor is Richard Zeckhauser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy.
Eoin Gahan has long experience in international and national government policy for industry, technology, trade, and investment. Until 2013, he was Head of the Trade, Environment, and Survey Analysis Department in Forfás, which is the Irish government agency for enterprise policy. His trade policy work has included the preparation of economic cooperation programmes, trade, and investment strategy for high-growth markets, trade facilitation issues, the potential impact of trade agreements, European integration, and the implications of new technologies for economic activity. He has also led work on socio-economic scenarios for 2025, long-term energy strategy, and Next Generation Networks implications and requirements. Earlier, he was a co-founder and director of an international consultancy in regulatory reform, and has carried out assignments for international and national organizations in regulation and competitiveness policy, including the World Bank, OECD, UNIDO, and other bodies. Previously, in Forfás, he directed the research of the National Competitiveness Council and instituted the Annual Competitiveness Reports. He also led the Irish Government’s initiative to prepare the business sector for the changeover from the national currency to the euro. Until 1995 he was a senior official in UNIDO dealing with long-term development objectives, regional and national strategies for industrialisation, technology analysis, and economic forecasting, and was also Coordinator of the United Nations Industrial Development Decade for Africa. As a senior fellow, Gahan’s research will focus on the fragmentation and complexity of trade negotiations and the additional challenges generated for trade policy. His faculty sponsor is Robert Z. Lawrence, Albert L. Williams Professor of International Trade and Investment. email: email@example.com
Read about Eoin Gahan's Study Group on the Changing Landscape of Trade Agreements
Thomas Healey is a Partner at Healey Development LLC. He recently co-edited a book on the financial crisis based on papers presented at an M-RCBG conference. He was formerly adjunct lecturer at the Kennedy School, where he taught the course in Financial Institutions and Markets. He joined Goldman, Sachs & Co. in 1985 to create the Real Estate Capital Markets Group, and founded the Pension Services Group in 1990. He became a Partner in 1988, a Managing Director in 1996, and remains a Senior Director of Goldman Sachs. Prior to joining Goldman Sachs, Healey served as Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury for Domestic Finance under President Ronald Reagan. Before joining the U.S. Treasury, he spent eight years at Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., where he was head of the Corporate Finance Department. Healey has served on the U.S. Department of Labor's ERISA Advisory Council, and was a Presidentially-appointed Director of the Securities Industry Protection Corporation. He is Chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation Investment Committee and is actively involved with other charitable institutions. Healey graduated from Georgetown University in 1964 and Harvard Business School in 1966. His research explores issues related to financial regulation. His faculty sponsor is Roger Porter, IBM Professor of Business and Government.
Vikram Mansharamani is a Lecturer at Yale University where he teaches the seminar “Financial Booms & Busts” to Yale College undergraduates and co-teaches “Adventures in Business Ethics" to business school and undergraduate students. He is also the author of BOOMBUSTOLOGY: Spotting Financial Bubbles before They Burst and is a regular commentator in the financial and business media. He has been an active participant in the financial markets for the last 20 years, during which time he has held positions in management consulting, investment banking, and asset management. He currently serves as chairman of the Torit Language Center Montessori school and is a member of the Board of Governors of the Association of Yale Alumni. He earned a PhD and MS from the Sloan School of Management at MIT, an MS in Political Science (Security Studies) from MIT, and a BA from Yale University, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and graduated with distinction. As a senior fellow, he will conduct research for a project on the relative abilities of generalists and specialists to navigate uncertainty. His faculty sponsor is Richard Zeckahuser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy. email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Read about Vikram Mansharamani's Study Group on Blowing Bubbles: How Investors, Regulators, and the Press Reinforce Exuberance
Karen Gordon Mills
Karen Gordon Mills, whose M-RCBG appointment begins January 1, 2014, was sworn in as the 23rd Administrator of the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) in April of 2009 after being appointed by President Barack Obama and unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate. She served in the President’s Cabinet from January 2012-July 2013. As part of the Cabinet, Mills was a key member of the President’s economic leadership team, reflecting the important role that small businesses and entrepreneurs play in our nation’s long-term economic growth and global competitiveness. At the SBA, she led a team of more than 3,000 employees and managed a portfolio of more than $100 billion in loan guarantees. Mills streamlined and simplified SBA’s core loan programs, reduced paperwork, shortened turnaround times, and increased transparency across the agency. These efforts resulted in record-breaking years for SBA lending in 2011 and 2012. And, in 2012, the SBA’s Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) program had its third consecutive record breaking year. In addition, Mills led the development of innovative Federal programs that have helped small businesses create regional clusters, gain access to early stage capital, hire skilled workers, boost exports, and tap into commercial supply chains. Prior to the SBA, Mills held leadership positions in the private sector including several private equity firms. Most recently, she was president of the MMP Group, which invested in businesses in consumer products, food, textiles, and industrial components. In 2007, Maine Governor John Baldacci appointed Mills to chair Maine’s Council on Competitiveness and the Economy, where she focused on regional development initiatives, including a regional economic cluster with Maine’s boatbuilding industry. She also served on the Governor’s Council for the Redevelopment of the Brunswick Naval Air Station. Mills earned an AB in economics from Harvard University and an MBA from Harvard Business School, where she was a Baker Scholar. Additionally, she is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and was vice chairman of the Harvard Overseers. As a senior fellow, she will conduct research on entrepreneurship and American economic growth. Her faculty sponsors are Dick Cavanagh, Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy, and John Haigh, M-RCBG Co-Director and Executive Dean of HKS.
Lisa A. Robinson
Lisa A. Robinson specializes in the economic analysis of environmental, health, and safety regulations. This spring, she is co-teaching a for-credit module in benefit-cost analysis at the Kennedy School (API-139m). She is a senior fellow at M-RCBG and affiliated with its Regulatory Policy Program, and also holds a research appointment at the Center for Risk Analysis and Center for Health Decision Science at the Harvard School of Public Health. She was previously a Principal at Industrial Economics, Incorporated, the Director of Policy, Planning, and Budget for the federal Institute of Museum Services, and an analyst at the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. She is the President of the Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis and Risk Analysis. She received her Master in Public Policy degree from the Kennedy School. As a senior fellow, she is investigating how the costs and benefits of regulatory policies are distributed across demographic groups and the implications for decisionmaking. Her faculty sponsors are James K. Hammitt, Professor of Economics and Decision Sciences at the Harvard School of Public Health, and Richard Zeckhauser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy. email: email@example.com
Read about Lisa Robinson's Study Group on Benefit-Cost Analysis in the Real World: Tales from the Trenches
James Segel recently returned from serving for four years as Special Counsel to Congressman Barney Frank, then Chairman of the House Financial Services Committee (2007-2011). While there he was extensively involved in working on what became the Dodd-Frank Bill as well as the activities surrounding the financial crisis beginning in 2008. In addition, he worked extensively on banking, housing, insurance, municipal finance, and other issues within the jurisdiction of the House Committee on Financial Services. He served as the Chairman’s liaison to other Democratic members of the Committee; the entire Massachusetts Delegation; to Massachusetts governmental officials including the Governor’s office and the Mayors’ offices; and as liaison to national and Massachusetts businesses and advocacy groups. Segel began his professional career in the Massachusetts State Legislature as a State Representative from Brookline, served as chairman of Barney Frank’s first Campaign for Congress in 1980; and then served as the first Executive Director of the Massachusetts Municipal Association dealing with the response of cities and towns to Proposition 21/2 and other municipal finance, environmental, and labor issues. Following MMA, he served as of counsel at Hale and Dorr in Boston (now Wilmer Hale) for ten years and then as a partner at Smith Segel Ruddock. Segel returned to Smith Segel Ruddock after his service in Washington. He has served on a number of elected and appointed boards and commissions including gubernatorial appointments to the State Tax Reform Commission; the Commission on State Aid to Cities and Towns; Special Commission on Environmental Operations (the Tsongas Commission); the Commission on the Disposal of Low level Radioactive Waste; and the Chairman of the Mayor’s Commission on Healthcare which led to the merger of Boston City Hospital and University Hospital in Boston. In addition, Segel served as Secretary to the Coordinating Committee (the Vault ) representing leading businesses in Boston; President of Temple Israel in Boston; President of the Jewish Community Relations Council; Chairman of the Advisory Committee to WBUR; Treasurer of the Old North Church Foundation: and a fellow of the Massachusetts Historical Society. He graduated cum laude in government in 1967 from Harvard College; received his MPA from the Kennedy School at Harvard in 1976; and his JD from Boston College Law School in 1972. As a senior fellow, he will research the passage of TARP by the US Congress. His faculty sponsor is David King, Senior Lecturer in Public Policy. email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Read about James Segel's Study Group on the Politics behind the Passage of Dodd-Frank
Doug Shulman stepped down as the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in November 2012 after serving in that position since 2008. As head of the IRS, he led one of the largest financial institutions in the world with approximately 100,000 employees, over 200 million customers, a $12 billion budget, and over $2.5 trillion of annual transactions. During his tenure, the IRS played a major role in the nation’s economic recovery efforts by delivering about $300 billion—or 40% of the money of the Recovery Act—through the tax system. Shulman was intimately involved in the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, as most of the financial information and transactions resulting from the law flow through the tax system. In the face of increasing globalization, Shulman stepped up IRS activity on a variety of international tax issues, including a historic breakthrough in offshore tax evasion. He served as the Chair of the OECD FTA, the global body of his counterparts, from 2009-2012. Also under Shulman's direction, the IRS transformed its use of data analytics to drive improvements in its operations. He launched and completed a major modernization of IRS’s core technology, allowing the IRS to process tax returns on a daily cycle, rather than weekly batch cycle, resulting in faster refunds and better customer service for all 140 million individual taxpayers. He also focused on employee engagement and performance, and under his leadership the agency improved significantly in the government-wide Best Places to Work in Government survey. Shulman came to the IRS from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA, previously NASD), where he served as Vice Chairman and before that President of Markets, Services & Information. After joining NASD in 2000, he oversaw its stock market operations and led the multi-billion dollar sale of the NASDAQ Stock Market and the divestiture of the American Stock Exchange, directed NASD’s entry into the fixed income markets through the launch of TRACE (an industry-wide bond market reporting facility and service), played a lead role in acquiring new regulatory services and restructuring the company, modernized technology operations, and led entry into new business segments. Earlier in his career, he held a number of positions including working at the consulting firm AT Kearney, helping to co-found Teach for America, serving as Vice President of Darby Overseas Investments, and starting a technology and innovation focused advisory firm. He also served on a number of boards of directors, including the World Federation of Exchanges and the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp (DTCC). He holds a BA from Williams College, an MPA from Harvard Kennedy School, and a JD from Georgetown University Law Center. As a senior fellow, he will conduct research on data and analytics, with an emphasis on big data. He will also offer a study group and give guest lectures in areas of financial markets, health care reform, and technology innovation. email: email@example.com
Read about Doug Shulman's Study Group on Putting Public Policy into Action
Paul Tucker is a senior fellow at the Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government at Harvard Kennedy School and at Harvard Business School He was Deputy Governor at the Bank of England from 2009 to October 2013, having joined the Bank in 1980. He was a member of the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee, Financial Policy Committee (vice chair), Prudential Regulatory Authority Board (vice chair), and Court of Directors. Internationally, he was a member of the steering committee of the G20 Financial Stability Board, and chaired its Committee on the Resolution of Cross-Border Banks in order to solve the too big to fail problem. He was a member of the board of directors of the Bank for International Settlements, and was chair of the Basel Committee for Payment and Settlement Systems from April 2012. During his thirty years at the Bank of England, he ran the areas responsible for monetary policy strategy, market operations, and financial stability, as well as working as a bank supervisor. He had secondments to an investment bank and to Hong Kong where he helped reform their securities markets and regulation following the 1987 stock market crash. As a senior fellow at M-RCBG, he will help advance research and teaching about financial institutions. His faculty sponsor is Lawrence Summers, Charles W. Eliot University Professor of Harvard University and Director of M-RCBG. email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Neal S. Wolin
Neal S. Wolin was the Deputy Secretary of Treasury from May 2009, when he was confirmed by the U.S. Senate, until September 2013. He was the longest serving Deputy Treasury Secretary in U.S. history. Wolin served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from January 25 to February 28, 2013. As Deputy Secretary, Wolin served as the Treasury Department’s Chief Operating Officer and supervised all Treasury bureaus and domestic and international policy offices as well as its management, legal, public affairs and congressional affairs functions. He played a key role in formulating and executing the U.S. government’s response to the financial crisis of 2008-2009 – including its economic recovery and financial reform plans. President Obama said Wolin’s “deep knowledge and excellent judgment helped us prevent a second Great Depression, pass tough new Wall Street Reform, strengthen our financial system, foster growth here at home, and promote economic development around the world.” Prior to his confirmation as Deputy Secretary, Wolin served in the Obama White House as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President for Economic Policy. Before joining the Obama Administration, Wolin was President and Chief Operating Officer of the property and casualty insurance companies of The Hartford Financial Services Group. He served as Executive Vice President and General Counsel of The Hartford from 2001 to 2007 and oversaw the company’s law, government affairs, communications, marketing and tax functions. From 1999 to January 2001, Wolin served as General Counsel of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. He served as the Deputy General Counsel of the Treasury from 1995 to 1999. He previously served in the Clinton White House as the Deputy Legal Adviser to the National Security Council and as Executive Assistant to the National Security Advisor. Wolin has also served as Special Assistant to three Directors of Central Intelligence. Before joining the federal government, Mr. Wolin practiced law in Washington, D.C. with the law firm Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering. He served as law clerk for United States District Court Judge Eugene H. Nickerson in the Eastern District of New York. Mr. Wolin was appointed by President Clinton to be a member of the President’s Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States. Prior to returning to government, he was on the boards of the University of Hartford, Appleseed, the RAND Corporation’s Institute for Civil Justice and the International Center for Research on Women. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and of the bar in Illinois, Connecticut and the District of Columbia. He received a B.A. degree in history, summa cum laude, from Yale College; a Master of Science in Development Economics from the University of Oxford; and a J.D. from Yale Law School where he was a Coker Teaching Fellow in Constitutional Law. As a senior fellow, Wolin will be conduct research and engage with students on topics related to financial services regulatory reform and fiscal issues, including the debt limit and tax reform.
Howard L. Wolk
Howard L. Wolk is Co-President of The Cross Country Group (CCG), a privately-held organization consisting of technology-enabled emergency assistance, direct marketing and customer service businesses serving global corporate clients in the automotive, insurance, real estate and financial services industries. The company enjoys strategic relationships with global corporations such as General Motors, Ford, Toyota, Liberty Mutual, Progressive, Bank of America, Citibank and many others. CCG has approximately 2500 associates in North America and Europe and serves over 75 million of its clients’ customers. He began his career at the New York City law firm of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett, where he participated in a number of corporate finance, merger and acquisition and joint venture transactions. After Simpson Thacher, he joined the White House as Associate Counsel for the transition team during the Clinton Administration, vetting candidates for positions in the Departments of Treasury and Justice and several independent agencies. He also served as a member of Vice President Gore’s Task Force on Reinventing Government. He received B.A. and B.S.Ec. (Wharton School) degrees from the University of Pennsylvania, a J.D. degree from Columbia Law School and an M.P.A. degree from Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. He is a member of the Massachusetts, New York and DC Bar Associations, is a Trustee of the Beth Israel-Deaconess Medical Center, a member of the Board of Combined Jewish Philanthropies and serves on the boards of several other non-profit and social entrepreneurship organizations. As a senior fellow, he will study the nature of American entrepreneurship. His faculty sponsor is Dick Cavanagh, Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy. email: email@example.com
Read about Howard Wolk's Study Group on Bigger, Better, Faster Cheaper: An Overview of American Entrepreneurship