Former Senior Fellows

M-RCBG reorganized its senior fellows program in 2011. Below is a listing of senior fellows appointed since that time. (Bios are current as of the time of the appointment.)

Esko Aho (senior fellow 2012-2014)
Esko Aho has enjoyed a distinguished career in the private sector and government service. Since 2008, he has led Nokia's government and public affairs function, overseeing the company's global policies and activities regarding sustainable development and social responsibility. He has been a member of the Nokia Leadership Team since 2009, stepping down from that role on August 31, 2012. He was prime minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995. He was elected to Parliament in 1983 and served on several key committees. He also served on the Nordic Council and the Finnish Delegation to the Council of Europe, is a former vice chairman of Liberal International, and was President of the Finnish Innovation Fund, SITRA, from 2004 to 2008. Currently, he is a member of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) World Council and vice chair of ICC Finland, as well as a board member of the Technology Academy Finland. He also serves as a board member of Terveystalo and is vice chairman of the board of Technology Industries of Finland. He holds a master's in social science from the University of Helsinki. As a senior fellow, Aho explores the changing role of the state in maintaining welfare and global competitiveness. His faculty sponsor is Steven Kelman, Albert J. Weatherhead III and Richard W. Weatherhead Professor of Public Management.

Richard J. Balzer (senior fellow 2012-2014)
Richard J. Balzer has worked globally as an organizational consultant focused on leadership, strategy, and organizational change for over thirty years. He has served as a coach and advisor to chief executives and board chairmen. His clients have included British Petroleum, Standard Chartered Bank, Goldman Sachs, NBC, and the NBA. Balzer has also worked with a number of unions including the United Auto Workers, the United Steelworkers, the International Machinist Union, and the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers promoting joint labor-management efforts. A writer and photographer, he is the author of five books including Clockwork: Life In and Outside An American Factory, Next Door Down the Road and Around the Corner, and China Day By Day. He currently serves as the chairman of the Petra Foundation, an independent organization that identifies and awards grants to community-based leaders who work to address human rights and social justice issues throughout the United States. He is a graduate of Cornell University and Yale Law School. As a senior fellow, he is studying the leadership skills required to steward major multi-nationals. His faculty sponsor is Max Bazerman, Jesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration.

Tim Christian (senior fellow 2011-2013)
Tim Christian is Professor of Medicine (Cardiology) at the University of Vermont (UVM) and senior fellow at the center exploring the intersection of medicine, business, and government. He is currently involved in research that explores new approaches to medical fee structures, incentives, and insurance reimbursement strategies. He was a cardiologist and Professor of Medicine at the Mayo Clinic for many years before joining the faculty at UVM. He has published extensively in all aspects of medicine, ranging from basic science to clinical trials to editorials. He is a long-time teacher and clinician in addition to his career in research. Dr. Christian received his MPA at the Harvard Kennedy School in 2011 where he focused on the global economics of health care. He received his medical degree from the Albany Medical College and undergraduate degree from Boston College.

Gerhard Clemenz (senior fellow 2011-2012)
Gerhard Clemenz is professor of economics at the University of Vienna, where he served as chairman of the senate from 2003-2009. As a senior fellow, his research will examine network externalities, multi-sided platforms, and competition policy. Previous positions include professorships at the University of Regensburg and at the Free University Berlin as well as a policy role at the Austrian Ministry of Finance. He has published widely in the areas of international trade, environmental economics, and industrial economics. In recent years his research has focused mainly on the economics of competition. He was a member of the Economic Advisory Group on Competition Policy at the DG Competition of the European Union in Brussels and is frequently involved in proceedings of the Austrian Cartel-Court. He received his PhD in economics from the University of Vienna.

Justin Fox (senior fellow 2012-2014)
Justin Fox is editorial director of the Harvard Business Review Group and the author of The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street. He also writes a blog for hbr.org and is a contributor to Time magazine. Before joining HBR Group in 2010, he wrote a weekly column for Time and created the Curious Capitalist blog for Time.com. Previously, Fox spent more than a decade working as a writer and editor at Fortune magazine, where he covered economics, finance, and international business. As a senior fellow, he conducts research for a new project on the art and science of prediction. His faculty sponsor is Richard Zeckhauser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy.

Nick Lovegrove (senior fellow 2011-2013)
Nick Lovegrove is a Director of McKinsey & Company who has served for the last five years as Managing Partner of the firm’s Washington, DC office. He has also led McKinsey’s global research on public and social sector reform and worked with clients in the public, private, and social sectors. Prior to 2006, Mr. Lovegrove spent more than 20 years in McKinsey’s London Office, where he led both the public sector and media practices in Europe. He served as an independent adviser to Prime Minister Tony Blair’s Strategy Unit, focusing on economic development, education, and healthcare. Mr. Lovegrove holds an MPP degree from Harvard Kennedy School, an MBA from INSEAD, and an MA degree in Modern History from Oxford University. As a Senior Fellow of the Center, he will explore how new approaches to long-term capitalism will create the need for new cross-sector skills, mindsets, and behaviors. Nick Lovegrove is a Director of McKinsey & Company who has served for the last five years as Managing Partner of the firm’s Washington, DC office. He has also led McKinsey’s global research on public and social sector reform and worked with clients in the public, private, and social sectors. Prior to 2006, Mr. Lovegrove spent more than 20 years in McKinsey’s London Office, where he led both the public sector and media practices in Europe. He served as an independent adviser to Prime Minister Tony Blair’s Strategy Unit, focusing on economic development, education, and healthcare. Mr. Lovegrove holds an MPP degree from Harvard Kennedy School, an MBA from INSEAD, and an MA degree in Modern History from Oxford University. As a Senior Fellow of the Center, he will explore how new approaches to long-term capitalism will create the need for new cross-sector skills, mindsets, and behaviors.

Marco Magnani (senior fellow 2011-2013)
Marco Magnani has been working in investment banking for over 15 years, about a decade on Wall Street at Credit Suisse First Boston and JPMorgan as Vice President and then in Europe at Mediobanca as a Managing Director. As a Senior Fellow his research work, “Italy 2030,” will focus on key economic reforms needed by Italy in the long-term. Mr. Magnani was appointed Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum, is on the WEF Global Agenda Council for Banking and Capital Markets, is President of the Board of American Field Service Italy, serves on the Executive Board and on the Educational Activities Committee of the National Federation of Cavalieri del Lavoro. He is currently a member of the Aspen Institute, Institute for International Affairs, Chatham House, and Young Leaders of the Council for the US & Italy. He is a graduate in Economics of the University of Rome and holds an MBA from Columbia University.

Udi Nisan (senior fellow 2011-2012)
Udi Nisan served in the last two years as the head of the Israeli National Budget Department. Prior to this position he served as the CEO of the Israeli Government Companies Authority. From 1999 to 2003 he served as the CEO of the Jerusalem Development Authority and during 1992 to 1999 he served in different positions in the Israeli National Budget Department. Dr. Nisan received a BA and MA in Economics and Business Management, a PhD in Economics and Public Policy from the Hebrew University, and undertook his post-doctoral research at Harvard Kennedy School. In the past twenty years he has taught courses on economics and public policy at the Hebrew University. Dr. Nisan’s research focuses on public economics: tax and budget policy, housing and planning policy, and regulation.

Lisa A. Robinson (senior fellow 2012-2014)
Lisa A. Robinson specializes in the economic analysis of environmental, health, and safety regulations. In the spring of 2014, she taught a for-credit module in benefit-cost analysis at the Kennedy School (API-139m). She is a senior fellow at M-RCBG and affiliated with its Regulatory Policy Program, and also holds a research appointment at the Center for Risk Analysis and Center for Health Decision Science at the Harvard School of Public Health. She was previously a Principal at Industrial Economics, Incorporated, the Director of Policy, Planning, and Budget for the federal Institute of Museum Services, and an analyst at the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. She is the President of the Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis and Risk Analysis. She received her Master in Public Policy degree from the Kennedy School. As a senior fellow, she is investigating how the costs and benefits of regulatory policies are distributed across demographic groups and the implications for decisionmaking. Her faculty sponsors are James K. Hammitt, Professor of Economics and Decision Sciences at the Harvard School of Public Health, and Richard Zeckhauser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy.

Douglas H. Shulman (senior fellow 2013-2014)
Doug Shulman stepped down as the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in November 2012 after serving in that position since 2008. As head of the IRS, he led one of the largest financial institutions in the world with approximately 100,000 employees, over 200 million customers, a $12 billion budget, and over $2.5 trillion of annual transactions.  During his tenure, the IRS played a major role in the nation’s economic recovery efforts by delivering about $300 billion—or 40% of the money of the Recovery Act—through the tax system.  Shulman was intimately involved in the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, as most of the financial information and transactions resulting from the law flow through the tax system. In the face of increasing globalization, Shulman stepped up IRS activity on a variety of international tax issues, including a historic breakthrough in offshore tax evasion. He served as the Chair of the OECD FTA, the global body of his counterparts, from 2009-2012. Also under Shulman's direction, the IRS transformed its use of data analytics to drive improvements in its operations.  He launched and completed a major modernization of IRS’s core technology, allowing the IRS to process tax returns on a daily cycle, rather than weekly batch cycle, resulting in faster refunds and better customer service for all 140 million individual taxpayers. He also focused on employee engagement and performance, and under his leadership the agency improved significantly in the government-wide Best Places to Work in Government survey.  Shulman came to the IRS from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA, previously NASD), where he served as Vice Chairman and before that President of Markets, Services & Information. After joining NASD in 2000, he oversaw its stock market operations and led the multi-billion dollar sale of the NASDAQ Stock Market and the divestiture of the American Stock Exchange, directed NASD’s entry into the fixed income markets through the launch of TRACE (an industry-wide bond market reporting facility and service), played a lead role in acquiring new regulatory services and restructuring the company, modernized technology operations, and led entry into new business segments.  Earlier in his career, he held a number of positions including working at the consulting firm AT Kearney, helping to co-found Teach for America, serving as Vice President of Darby Overseas Investments, and starting a technology and innovation focused advisory firm.  He also served on a number of boards of directors, including the World Federation of Exchanges and the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp (DTCC). He holds a BA from Williams College, an MPA from Harvard Kennedy School, and a JD from Georgetown University Law Center.  As a senior fellow, he will conduct research on data and analytics, with an emphasis on big data. He will also offer a study group and give guest lectures in areas of financial markets, health care reform, and technology innovation.

Neal S. Wolin (senior fellow 2014)
Neal S. Wolin was the Deputy Secretary of Treasury from May 2009, when he was confirmed by the U.S. Senate, until September 2013. He was the longest serving Deputy Treasury Secretary in U.S. history. Wolin served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from January 25 to February 28, 2013. As Deputy Secretary, Wolin served as the Treasury Department’s Chief Operating Officer and supervised all Treasury bureaus and domestic and international policy offices as well as its management, legal, public affairs and congressional affairs functions. He played a key role in formulating and executing the U.S. government’s response to the financial crisis of 2008-2009 – including its economic recovery and financial reform plans. President Obama said Wolin’s “deep knowledge and excellent judgment helped us prevent a second Great Depression, pass tough new Wall Street Reform, strengthen our financial system, foster growth here at home, and promote economic development around the world.” Prior to his confirmation as Deputy Secretary, Wolin served in the Obama White House as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President for Economic Policy. Before joining the Obama Administration, Wolin was President and Chief Operating Officer of the property and casualty insurance companies of The Hartford Financial Services Group. He served as Executive Vice President and General Counsel of The Hartford from 2001 to 2007 and oversaw the company’s law, government affairs, communications, marketing and tax functions. From 1999 to January 2001, Wolin served as General Counsel of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. He served as the Deputy General Counsel of the Treasury from 1995 to 1999. He previously served in the Clinton White House as the Deputy Legal Adviser to the National Security Council and as Executive Assistant to the National Security Advisor. Wolin has also served as Special Assistant to three Directors of Central Intelligence. Before joining the federal government, Mr. Wolin practiced law in Washington, D.C. with the law firm Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering. He served as law clerk for United States District Court Judge Eugene H. Nickerson in the Eastern District of New York. Mr. Wolin was appointed by President Clinton to be a member of the President’s Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States. Prior to returning to government, he was on the boards of the University of Hartford, Appleseed, the RAND Corporation’s Institute for Civil Justice and the International Center for Research on Women. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and of the bar in Illinois, Connecticut and the District of Columbia. He received a B.A. degree in history, summa cum laude, from Yale College; a Master of Science in Development Economics from the University of Oxford; and a J.D. from Yale Law School where he was a Coker Teaching Fellow in Constitutional Law. As a senior fellow, Wolin will be conduct research and engage with students on topics related to financial services regulatory reform and fiscal issues, including the debt limit and tax reform.