Sustainability Science Program

Angela Livino

Dr. Angela Livino
Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Department
Moorcroft Lab
Harvard University
26 Oxford Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: Non-resident
Email: affiliation: Associate

Angela Livino is an Associate in the Sustainability Science Program working with colleagues at Harvard’s Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Department and appointed through Harvard Kennedy School’s Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business & Government. Angela is Deputy Superintendent of Generation Planning at Empresa de Pesquisa Energética (Brazil’s agency for power planning). Prior to that, she was a senior engineer at Operador Nacional do Sistema Elétrico (National Power System Operator – ONS). She received a PhD in water resources at the Civil Engineering Program at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (2015). Angela’s doctoral research focused on the inventory potential of hydropower with storage capacity in Brazil, where she analyzed the historical changes in the storage capacity and their implication for the operation of the interconnected electrical system and proposed some regulatory and technical solutions. Her work assesses the impact of changed Amazon water balances for precipitation and hydrology on the operation of hydropower stations and explores how the design and operation of hydropower plants might be modified to adapt to changed hydrological patterns. Angela is contributing to collaborative work with theInitiative on Sustainable Development of the Amazon and its Surrounding Regions: The Interplay of Changing Climate, Hydrology, and Land Use.  Her host at Harvard is Paul Moorcroft.

Tradeoffs between hydropower and hydrological alterations in the Amazon

This project asks what the future fate for hydropower generation in the Amazon is under the changing climate and deforestation and what can be done to maintain the basin’s wellbeing?

Hydropower will continue to play a major contribution to Brazil’s energy agenda. With more than 20% of the country’s planned hydropower development, the Tapajós Basin in Southeast Amazonia will have an increasingly important role in the national electricity market. Given the environmental and hydrological shifts this basin has faced and will likely continue to experience in the future, the main questions that this project asks are: what is the fate for hydropower generation in the Tapajós under the changing climate and forest conversion in the Amazon? What can be done to maintain the basin’s wellbeing? These questions are being addressed with long-term environmental datasets, a series of computation tools, and stakeholder consultation and engagement. Thus far, a number of computer models have been developed, which are able to estimate daily scale, decadal patterns of the regional climate, the basin’s biosphere, river flows, and hydropower generation. A number of simulations of historical and future conditions are being computed and validated against monitored environmental data. A workshop to share some of the initial results was organized in Brasilia in November 2014, and another will follow in late 2015. Meanwhile, the initiative continues stakeholder consultation and engagement through frequent communication and discussions with international organizations and Brazilian government agencies. This work also aims at presenting suggestions for regulatory improvements resulting from the conclusions.

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