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Dr. Anish Sugathan
Kennedy School of Government
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Group affiliation: Associate
Anish Sugathan is an Associate working with colleagues at the Evidence for Policy Design Program at the Center for International Development at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government and is appointed through Harvard Kennedy School’s Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government. He is also an Assistant Professor at the Business Policy Area of the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad. His research interests are in the area of institutional and governance infrastructure of emerging economies that foster sustainable development of private and public stakeholders. His work includes evaluation of regulations to optimally minimize emissions from Indian coal-fired power plants, and a study of electrification in rapidly growing urban agglomerates in India. Anish is contributing to collaborative work with the Initiative on Public-Private Partnerships to Promote Sustainable Development in India led by Professor Rohini Pande. He holds an undergraduate degree in Engineering from the University of Kerala, and is a Fellow (Ph.D.) of the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore. He is the recipient of SAP Labs India scholarship supporting doctoral studies, and is a recipient of the Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellowship in Sustainability Science (2014, 2015) at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. His host at Harvard is Rohini Pande.
The temporal and regional emission patterns associated with expansion of coal-fired power plants across India and to estimate its health and productivity impacts
India has more than doubled its power generation capacity between the years 2000 to 2014 and coal accounts for more than 66% of its total electricity production. Since 1961, the ‘pit-head’ plant placement policy of India, directs preferential construction of plants near coal-mines. Consequently fewer than 60 districts (less than 10%) of India at present account for more than 90% of all coal-based installed capacity. In this project we perform a quasi-experimental study exploiting the cross-sectional variation resulting from this ‘pit-head’ plant placement policy and the temporal variation induced by rapid capacity expansion to identify the distributional impacts of coal-fired power generation in India. We investigate the causal impact of every additional gigawatt-hour of coal-power generation on increased local ambient SO2 pollution and NO2 pollution. We also investigate adverse distributional health and productivity impacts.