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Ms. Janhavi Nilekani
Sustainability Science Program
Kennedy School of Government
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: 502 Rubenstein Building
Tel: (1) 617-496-0739
Group affiliation: Giorgio Ruffolo Doctoral Research Fellow in Sustainability Science
Janhavi Nilekaniis a Giorgio Ruffolo Doctoral Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program and a doctoral candidate in the Public Policy Program at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. Her research focuses on evaluating the relative costs and benefits of different policy instruments for controlling environmental pollution, with an emphasis on India. Janhavi is contributing to collaborative work by the Initiative on Building Public-Private Partnerships to Promote Sustainable Development in India led by Professor Rohini Pande. Janhavi received her BA, cum laude, in Economics and International Studies and the Ronald Meltzer/Cornelia Awdziewicz Economic Award from Yale University in 2010. She has worked as a Research Associate on a pilot emissions trading program for Indian industry at the Jameel Poverty Action Lab-South Asia (2011-2012). Her faculty host is Rohini Pande.
Policy instruments for pollution control: Evaluating particulate matter control policies in India
This research evaluates several potential policy instruments to control suspended particulate matter pollution in India, including command-and-control regulation and market-based instruments. Particulate matter pollution is a leading environmental concern in India. Due to difficulties in monitoring and enforcement, there is low compliance with the existing concentration standard regulation, yet certain industries may face high compliance costs. Shifts to market-based instruments such as an emissions trading scheme should lower aggregate costs, and will also necessitate improved monitoring, enforcement, and transparency. This research attempts to quantify the gains from changing the current policy and compares a range of alternatives, using detailed survey data of Indian industries gathered through the Initiative on Building Public-Private Partnerships to Promote Sustainable Development in India’s ongoing work on a pilot emissions trading scheme.