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Dr. Rachael Garrett
Sustainability Science Program
Kennedy School of Government
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: 504 Rubenstein Building
Tel: (1) 617-495-1417
Group affiliation: Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in Sustainability Science
Rachael Garrett is a Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program. As an interdisciplinary social scientist with a focus on agriculture and conservation, Rachael’s expertise spans the fields of agricultural economics, land systems science, economic geography, and rural development. Her post-doctoral research examines the economic and institutional feasibility of integrating crop and livestock systems in the United States and Brazil to promote agricultural sustainability. Her broader research projects include: analyzing agricultural supply chains to better understand how supply chain structure influences leverage points for conservation; measuring the welfare impacts of agricultural development in South America; and identifying management practices, market mechanisms, and policies to improve the sustainability of grain and livestock production in North and South America. Rachael is contributing to collaborative work with the Initiative on Innovation and Access to Technologies for Sustainable Development led by William Clark. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in History and Environmental Analysis and Policy from Boston University and a Master of Public Administration in Environmental Science and Policy from Columbia University. She received her PhD through the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources at Stanford University in 2013, under the guidance of Professors Eric Lambin and Rosamond Naylor. Rachael’s doctoral research examined interactions between global supply chains, land use, and governance, with a focus on soybean production in South America. Her analysis included case studies in Brazil and economic modeling at national and international scales. Her faculty host is William Clark.
The economic and institutional feasibility of integrating crop and livestock systems in the United States and Brazil to promote agricultural sustainability
Finding ways to increase global food supply without exacerbating climate change, reducing biodiversity, or endangering human health is one of the most important environmental challenges facing humanity. While small-scale, organic, low input agricultural systems have received a great deal of attention, there has been very little research on technological innovations that enable industrial crop and livestock producers to reduce their environmental impact. This research focuses on one potential innovation for these producers: the re-integration of crop and livestock production within and between farms. Using case studies, statistical methods, and crop and livestock models, this study assesses the productivity, profitability, and risks of integrated crop and livestock production as compared to more specialized forms of production in the United States and Brazil. The goal of these analyses is to better understand the economic and institutional reasons that some farmers adopt integrated management practices, while others do not. The project will also identify policies, market mechanisms, and education programs to promote integrated management practices in the United States and Brazil.