Sustainability Science Program

Varad Pande

Varad Pande

Varad PandeMr. Varad Pande
Sustainability Science Program
Kennedy School of Government
Mailbox 81
Harvard University
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: 505 Rubenstein Building
Tel: (1) 617-496-9330
Email: varad_pande@hks.harvard.edu
Group affiliation: Giorgio Ruffolo Research Fellow in Sustainability Science
Fall term only

Varad Pande is a Giorgio Ruffolo Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program.  He is an Officer on Special Duty to India’s Minister for Rural Development, where he advises the Minister on sustainable livelihoods, climate resilience, social security, skills development, and monitoring and evaluation. Previously he was Officer on Special Duty to the Minister for Environment and Forests, where he supported the Minister on climate change negotiations and policy, environmental governance, and forestry.  Varad is a member of the Government of India’s Expert Group on Strategies for Low Carbon Inclusive Growth and also principal advisor to Prof Abhijit Banerjee on the UN Secretary-General’s High Level Panel on a Post-2015 Development Agenda. He was also the sherpa of his Minister on the UN SG’s Global Sustainability Panel, whose report – Resilient People, Resilient Planet – became a key input to the Rio+20 process. Before joining the Government in mid-2009, Varad was a Team Leader at the strategy firm Monitor Group where he led projects in Africa, Middle-East and Asia. He helped set up an economic development agency in an African country and led the first major project in India to identify and scale-up market-based business models at the bottom of the pyramid. Varad has also worked at the World Bank on governance decentralisation and primary education reform. Varad holds an Master in Public Administration in International Development from the Harvard Kennedy School, a Master in Arts from the University of Cambridge’s Economics Department, and a Bachelor of Arts with Honours in Economics from St. Stephens College in Delhi. His faculty host is Rohini Pande.

India’s market-friendly environmental mechanisms: Lessons fordeveloping countries
India is implementing an ambitious market-based Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) Mechanism that will allow energy-intensive facilities to improve their energy efficiency through a cap and trade model. The program was approved in 2010 and became operational in 2012. As the most advanced market-based mechanism of such scale in India (and perhaps in the developing world), its design and early implementation experience – technical, political, administrative – provides useful lessons for other market-friendly environmental programs, especially in the developing world. The project will aim to document these learnings. The project will also draw from the lessons of an Emissions Trading Scheme being piloted by some Indian States.

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