Gender and Higher Education: Causes and Consequences of the Reversal of the College Gender Gap

Martina Viarengo, WAPPP Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School; Research Economist, Center for Economic Performance, London School of Economics

The sharp increase in women’s higher education participation that has occurred in almost all countries in the OECD since the 1960s is a matter that can have important economic and socio-political consequences. Martina is examining the causes and consequences of the reversal of the college gender gap which has taken place in most OECD countries since the 1980s.

Martina will create an international comparison to develop an understanding of the common factors that caused this phenomenon to occur in countries very different from each other with respect to their education systems and labour markets. This project will document and help us understand these major trends for twenty OECD countries by using internationally comparable datasets and a new interdisciplinary approach.

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