Anthony A. Braga
Anthony A. Braga is Senior Research Associate and Lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard Universitys John F. Kennedy School of Government. His research focuses on working with criminal justice agencies to develop crime prevention strategies to deal with urban problems such as firearms violence, street-level drug markets, and violent crime hot spots. He has served as a consultant on these issues to the Rand Corporation; National Academy of Sciences; U.S. Department of Justice; U.S. Department of the Treasury; Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms; Boston Police Department; New York Police Department; and other state and local law enforcement agencies.
Dr. Braga was a key member of the Boston Gun Project / Operation Ceasefire working group that was responsible for reducing youth homicide in Boston by almost two-thirds during the late 1990s. The Operation Ceasefire program has received numerous prestigious awards including the International Association of Chiefs of Police Webber-Seavey Award for quality in law enforcement, the Police Executive Research Forum Herman Goldstein Award recognizing excellence in problem-oriented policing, and the Ford Foundation Innovations in American Government Award. He was a 2009 recipient of the US Attorney General’s Award for Outstanding Contributions to Community Public Safety.
Dr. Braga has also been involved in a number of other strategic crime prevention programs such as the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiative and the U.S. Department of Justice-sponsored Strategic Alternatives to Community Safety Initiative and Project Safe Neighborhoods. He is also an affiliated faculty member of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center at the Harvard School of Public Health and was a Visiting Fellow at the National Institute of Justice of the U.S. Department of Justice. He received his M.P.A. from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from Rutgers University.
On January 29, 2004, Dr. Braga was the keynote speaker at The Boston Foundation's Community Safety Forum on Quality of Life in Our Neighborhoods: Successes and Challenges in Addressing Crime. You can listen to his remarks here.
Dr. Braga's recent publications:
Braga, Anthony A. "Setting a Higher Standard for the Evaluation of Problem-Oriented Policing Initiatives." Criminology & Public Policy 9.1 (February 2010): 173-182
Braga, Anthony A., Anne M. Piehl, and David Hureau. "Controlling Violent Offenders Released to the Community: An Evaluation of the Boston Reentry Initiative." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 46 no. 4 (November 2009): 411-436.
Braga, Anthony A. and Brenda J. Bond. "Community Perceptions of Police Crime Prevention Efforts: Using Interviews in Small Areas to Evaluate Crime Reduction Strategies" in Evaluating Crime Reduction Initiatives. Johannes Knutsson and Nick Tilley, editors. Crime Prevention Studies Vol. 24 (June 2009).
Braga, Anthony A., David Hureau, and Christopher Winship. "Losing Faith? Police, Black Churches, and the Resurgence of Youth Violence in Boston." Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 6 no. 1 (Fall 2008). pp. 141-172.
Braga, Anthony A. and Brenda J. Bond. "Policing Crime and Disorder Hot Spots: A Randomized Controlled Trial." Criminology 46 no. 3 (August 2008).
Braga, Anthony A. "Pulling Levers Focused Deterrence Strategies and the Prevention of Gun Homicide." Journal of Criminal Justice 36 no. 4 (August 2008).
Braga, Anthony A. Police Enforcement Strategies to Prevent Crime in Hot Spot Areas. Crime Prevention Research Reviews, No. 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2008.
Braga, Anthony A. Problem-Oriented Policing and Crime Prevention (2nd ed.). Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, 2008.
Braga, Anthony A., Glenn L. Pierce, Jack McDevitt, Brenda J. Bond and Shea Cronin. “The Strategic Prevention of Gun Violence among Gang-Involved Offenders.” Justice Quarterly 25 no. 1 (March 2008): 132-162.
Braga, Anthony A. "Gun Enforcement and Ballistic Imaging Technology in Boston" in Ballistic Imaging. Committee to Assess the Feasibility, Accuracy and Technical Capability of a National Ballistics Database. Daniel L. Cork, John E. Rolph, Eugene S. Meieran, and Carol V. Petrie, eds. National Academies Press, 2008.
Ridgeway, Greg, Glenn L. Pierce, Anthony A. Braga, George Tita, Garen Wintemute, Wendell Roberts. Strategies for Disrupting Illegal Firearms Markets: A Case Study of Los Angeles. RAND Corporation, 2008.
Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: A Comparative Perspective. Edited by Anthony Braga, Jeffrey Fagan, Tracey Meares, Robert Sampson, Tom R. Tyler, and Christopher Winship. Russell Sage Press, 2007.
Cook, Philip J., Jens Ludwig, Sudhir Venkatesh, and Anthony A. Braga. "Underground Gun Markets." The Economic Journal 117 (November 2007): F1-F29.
McDevitt, Jack, Anthony A. Braga, and Shea Cronin. Project Safe Neighborhoods: Strategic Interventions: Lowell, District of Massachusetts (Case Study 6). U.S. Department of Justice (February 2007).
Tita, G. E., A. A. Braga, G. Ridgeway, G. L. Pierce. "The Criminal Purchase of Firearm Ammunition." Injury Prevention 12, no. 5 (October 2006).
Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives. Ed. David Weisburd and Anthony A. Braga. Cambridge University Press, 2006. ("Introduction: Understanding Police Innovation" and "Conclusion: Police Innovation and the Future of Policing" by Braga and Weisburd).
Braga, Anthony A. and David Weisburd. "Problem-Oriented Policing: The Disconnect between Principles and Practice" in Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives, ed. David Weisburd and Anthony A. Braga. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Braga, Anthony A. and Christopher Winship. "Partnership, Accountability, and Innovation: Clarifying Bostonís Experience with Pulling Levers," in Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives, ed. David Weisburd and Anthony A. Braga. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Weisburd, David and Anthony A. Braga. "Hot Spots Policing as a Model for Police Innovation," in Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives, ed. David Weisburd and Anthony A. Braga. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Braga, Anthony A. "The Crime Prevention Value of Hot Spots Policing." Psicothema 18, no. 3 (2006).
Braga, Anthony A. "Policing Hot Spots." Preventing Crime: What Works for Children, Offenders, Victims, and Places. Ed. Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington. Springer (2006).
Braga, Anthony A., Jack McDevitt, and Glenn L. Pierce. "Understanding and Preventing Gang Violence: Problem Analysis and Response Development in Lowell, Massachusetts." Police Quarterly 9, no. 1 (2006).
Braga, Anthony A. and Glenn L. Pierce. "Disrupting Illegal Firearms Markets in Boston: The Effects of Operation Ceasefire on the Supply of New Handguns to Criminals." Criminology & Public Policy 4, no. 4 (November 2005).
Cook, Philip J., Jens Ludwig, Sudhir A. Venkatesh, and Anthony A. Braga. "Underground Gun Markets." NBER Working Paper 11737 (November 2005).
Braga, Anthony A. "Analyzing Homicide Problems: Practical Approaches to Devloping a Policy-relevant Description of Serious Urban Violence." Security Journal 18, no. 4 (2005).
Braga, Anthony A. "Hot Spots Policing and Crime Prevention: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials." Journal of Experimental Criminology 1, no. 3 (September 2005).
Braga, Anthony A. and Christopher Winship. "Creating an Effective Foundation to Prevent Youth Violence: Lessons Learned from Boston in the 1990s." Rappaport Institute Policy Brief PB-2005-5 (September 26, 2005).
Cook, Philip J., Jens Ludwig, and Anthony A. Braga. "Criminal Records of Homicide Offenders." JAMA 294, no. 5 (August 3, 2005).
Moore, Mark H., and Anthony A. Braga. "Performance Evaluation of Police Departments." Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement, Volume 1: State and Local. Ed. Larry E. Sullivan and Marie Simonetti Rosen. Sage Publications, 2005.
Braga, Anthony A. "Crime Prevention Research Partnerships Aid Criminal Justice: Practical Approaches to Improving the Success of Crime Prevention Partnerships." American Sociological Association Footnotes 32, no. 1 (2004).
Braga, Anthony A. Gun Violence Among Serious Young Offenders. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services Problem-Oriented Guides for Police: Problem Specific Guides no. 23 (2004).
Braga, Anthony A. and Glenn L. Pierce. "Linking Crime Guns: The Impact of Ballsitics Imaging Technology on the Productivity of the Boston Police Department's Ballistics Unit," Journal of Forensic Sciences 49, no. 4 (July 2004).
Pierce, Glenn L., Anthony A. Braga, Raymond R. Hyatt, Jr., and Christopher S. Koper. "Characteristics and Dynamics of Illegal Firearms Markets: Implications for a Supply-Side Enforcement Strategy." Justice Quarterly 21, no.2 (June 2004).
Moore, Mark H. and Anthony A. Braga. "Police Performance Measurement: A Normative Framework." Criminal Justice Ethics 23 no.1 (Winter/Spring 2004).
McDevitt, Jack, Anthony A. Braga, Dana M. Nurge, and Michael Buerger. "Boston's Youth Violence Prevention Program: A Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach." In Policing Gangs and Youth Violence, edited by Scott H. Decker. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company (2003).
Moore, Mark H. and Anthony A. Braga. "Measuring and Improving Police Performance: The Lessons of Compstat and Its Progeny." Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 26 no.3 (2003).
Moore, Mark H., Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga, and Brenda L. McLaughlin, editors. Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
Piehl, Anne M., Cooper, Suzanne J. Cooper, Anthony A. Braga, and David M. Kennedy. "Testing for Structural Breaks in the Evaluation of Programs." The Review of Economics and Statistics 85 no.3 (August 2003). See a draft of the paper here.
Weisburd, David and Anthony A. Braga. "Hot Spots Policing." In Crime Prevention: New Approaches, edited by Helmut Kury and Joachim Obergfell-Fuchs. Mainz, Germany: Weisser Ring, 2003.
Braga, Anthony A. "Serious Youth Gun Offenders and the Epidemic of Youth Violence in Boston." Journal of Quantitative Criminology 19, no. 1 (2003).
Braga, Anthony A. Problem-Oriented Policing and Crime Prevention. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, 2002.
Braga, Anthony A., Philip J. Cook, David M. Kennedy, and Mark H. Moore. "The Illegal Supply of Firearms." Crime and Justice: A Review of Research 29 (2002).
Braga, Anthony A., and David M. Kennedy. "Reducing Gang Violence in Boston." In Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research, eds. Winifred L. Reed and Scott H. Decker. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice (July 2002).
Braga, Anthony A., David M. Kennedy, and George Tita. "New Approaches to the Strategic Prevention of Gang and Group-Involved Violence." In Gangs in America, 3d ed., ed. C. Ronald Huff. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications (2002).
Cook, Philip J., Mark H. Moore, and Anthony A. Braga. "Gun Control." In Crime: Public Policies for Crime Control, 2d ed., ed. James Q. Wilson and Joan Petersilia. San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies Press (2002).
Braga, Anthony A. "The Effects of Hot Spots Policing on Crime." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 578 (November 2001).
Braga, Anthony A. "More Gun Laws or More Gun Law Enforcement?" Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 20, no. 3 (Summer 2001).
Cook, Philip J., and Anthony A. Braga. "Comprehensive Firearms Tracing: Strategic and Investigative Uses of New Data on Firearms Markets." University of Arizona Law Review 43, no. 2 (Summer 2001). (see a draft of the paper)
Braga, Anthony A., and David M. Kennedy. "The Illicit Acquisition of Firearms by Youth and Juveniles." Journal of Criminal Justice 29, no. 5 (2001).
Braga, Anthony A., David M. Kennedy, Anne M. Piehl, and Elin J. Waring. Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project's Operation Ceasefire. National Institute of Justice Research Report (September 2001).
Braga, Anthony A., David M. Kennedy, Elin J. Waring, and Anne M. Piehl. "Problem-Oriented Policing, Deterrence, and Youth Violence: An Evaluation of Boston's Operation Ceasefire." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 38, no. 3 (August 2001). (see a draft of the paper)
Braga, Anthony A., and David M. Kennedy. "Gun Shows and the Illegal Diversion of Firearms." The Georgetown Public Policy Review 6, no. 1 (Fall 2000).
Braga, Anthony A., Anne M. Piehl, and David M. Kennedy. "Youth Homicide in Boston: An Assessment of Supplementary Homicide Report Data," Homicide Studies 3, no. 4 (November 1999).
Braga, Anthony A., David L. Weisburd, Elin J. Waring, Lorraine Green Mazerolle, William Spelman, and Francis Gajewski. "Problem-Oriented Policing in Violent Crime Places: A Randomized Controlled Experiment." Criminology 37, no. 3 (August 1999).Kennedy, David M., and Anthony A. Braga. "Homicide in Minneapolis: Research for Problem Solving," Homicide Studies 2, no. 3 (August 1998).
Kennedy, David M., Anthony A. Braga, and Anne M. Piehl. "The (Un)Known Universe: Mapping Gangs and Gang Violence in Boston." In Crime Mapping and Crime Prevention, ed. David L. Weisburd and J. Thomas McEwen. New York: Criminal Justice Press (1997).
Kennedy, David M., Anne M. Piehl, and Anthony A. Braga. "Gun Buy-Backs: Where Do We Stand and Where Do We Go?" In Under Fire: Gun Buy-Backs, Exchanges, and Amnesty Programs, ed. Martha R. Plotkin. Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum (1996).
Kennedy, David M., Anne M. Piehl, and Anthony A. Braga. "Youth Violence in Boston: Gun Markets, Serious Youth Offenders, and a Use-Reduction Strategy." Law and Contemporary Problems 59, no. 1 (Winter 1996).
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