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Faculty: Pippa Norris
What causes flawed and even failed elections? And what can be done to mitigate these challenges? Problems occur in electoral autocracies such as Russia and Ukraine, in transitional democracies like Kenya and Nigeria, but also in established democracies such as the United States and Canada. Problems include restrictions on opposition parties, pro-government media bias, corrupt campaign finance, voter suppression, voter fraud, corruption, and vote-rigging. Violations can damage legitimacy, depress turnout, limit competition, trigger violence, and undermine regimes. Drawing upon a multimillion dollar, six-year research project, (www.electoralintegrityproject.com) and reflecting a new research agenda, the class compares these challenges both worldwide and within the U.S., analyzes their consequences, and determines what can be done to overcome these problems.