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The creation of the permanent International Criminal Court in 1998 was an unprecedented development in international politics and in international law. Since it was created, the Court has opened 25 cases and has received two important referrals of cases from the U.N. Security Council: the case of the situation of Darfur, Sudan, and the case of Libya under the Qadhafi regime. At the same time, the Security Council has failed to refer other equally serious cases, in particular, the case of Syria. This course will first provide a brief introduction into international law on the use of force, international criminal law and to the politics of the Security Council. It will explore the emergence of doctrine of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the impact the doctrine had on emerging Security Council action in these cases. The course will use a series of cases to role play and simulate international political and legal developments. In particular, the course will include some of the following topics: Use of Armed Force: Jus ad Bellum; Humanitarian Intervention, Responsibility to Protect (R2P): International Criminal Law and the rise of individual criminal accountability models: Establishing the International Criminal Court; The ICC: The Challenges of the Inaugural Years: The ICC and the Security Council: Darfur Case; the ICC and the Security Council: Libya Case; The ICC and Deterrence; the ICC and the United States; The ICC, the Security Council and the case of Syria.