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of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA
Ph.D. in Political Science (2000).
Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies
(SAIS) , Washington, D.C.
M.A. in International Relations (1989).
of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
B.A. in Political Science (1987). Graduated
Harvard University. Marvin Kalb Professor of Global Communication and Professor of Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government (2008-Present); Visiting Associate Professor of Public Policy (2006-2008).
University of California, Los Angeles.
Departments of Political Science and Communication Studies (2000-2008); Assistant Professor (2000-2005), Associate Professor
University of California, San Diego.
Visiting Professor, Department of Political Science (2003)
ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS
- “The Longest War Story: Elite Rhetoric, News Coverage, and The War in Afghanistan. 2015. In Dimitrium, George, Beatrice de Graaf, and Jens Ringsmose, editors, Strategic Narratives, Public Opinion and War: Winning Domestic Support for the Afghan War”. London: Routledge (forthcoming, January). (with Tim Groeling)
- "Filtering Revolution: Reporting Bias in International Newspaper Coverage of the Libyan Civil War." 2015. Journal of Peace Research. Forthcoming. (with Yuri Zhukov)
- “Looking for Audience Costs in all the Wrong Places: Electoral Institutions, Media Access, and Dispute Resolution”. Journal of Politics. (forthcoming) (with Phil Potter).
- "Women and Academic Publishing: Prelminary Results from a Survey of the ISA Membership." International Studies Perspectives (forthcoming) (with Kathleen Hancock and Marijke Breuning).
- “The Iraq Coalition of the Willing and (Politically) Able: Party Systems, the Press, and Public Influence on Foreign Policy.” 2013. American Journal of Political Science 57(April): 442-458.
- "Partisan Media and Attitude Polarization: The Case of Healthcare Reform." 2012. Coglianese, Cary, Ed., Regulatory Breakdown: The Crisis of Confidence in U.S. Regulation, Ch. 6, pp. 118-142.
- “Red State, Blue State, Flu State: Media Self-Selection and Partisan Gaps in Swine Flu Vaccinations.” 2011. Journal of Health Policy, Politics and Law 36(December): 1021-1060.
- “Preaching to the Choir or Converting the Flock: Presidential Communication Strategies in the Age of Three Medias.” 2011. In Fox, Richard and Jennifer M. Ramos, Editors, iPolitics: Citizens, Elections, and Governing in the New Media Age, Ch.7, pp. 183-205. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- “Media, Public Opinion, and Presidential Leadership.” 2011. In Berinsky, Adam, Editor, New Directions in Public Opinion, Ch. 12, pp.258-270. New York: Routledge.
- "Soft News and The Four Oprah Effects." 2011. In Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media. Jacobs, Lawrence and Robert Shapiro, eds. Ch. 8. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (With Angela Jamison.)
- "Media, Public Opinion, and Presidential Leadership." 2011. In Berinsky, Adam, Editor, New Directions in Public Opinion, Ch. 12. 2011. New York: Routledge.
- “The Democratic Peace, Domestic Audience Costs, and Political Communication.” 2010. Political Communication 27:4: 453-470. With Phil Potter.
- "Reality Asserts Itself: Public Opinion and the Elasticity of Reality in Iraq." 2010. International Organization 64: 3: 443-479. With Tim Groeling. “Shot by the Messenger : An Experimental Examination of Party Cues and Public Opinion.” 2009. Political Behavior 31(June): 157-186. With Tim Groeling.
- "Journalists's Incentives and Coverage of Elite Foreign Policy Evaluations." 2009. Conflict Management and Peace Science 26(November): 437-470. With Tim Groeling.
- "New Media and the Polarization of American Political Discourse." 2008. Political Communication 25:4: 345-365. With Tim Groeling
- Received APSA Information Technology & Politics Section award for “best paper” presented at 2008 APSA Conference.
- “Crossing the Water's Edge: Elite Rhetoric, Media Coverage and the Rally-Round-the-Flag Phenomenon.” 2008. Journal of Politics 70(October): 1065-1085. With Tim Groeling.
- "In the Eye of the Beholder: How Information Shortcuts Shape Individual Perceptions of Bias in the Media. 2008. Quarterly Journal of Political Science 3:1: 1-31. With Phil Gussin.
- "The Relationship Between Mass Media, Public Opinion and Foreign Policy: Toward a Theoretical Synthesis." 2008. Annual Review of Political Science, Volume 11: 39-66. With Phil Potter.
- “Soft News and Foreign Policy: How Expanding the Audience Changes the Policies.” Japanese Journal of Political Science 8(1): 109-138.
- Reprinted in Popkin, Samuel and Ikuo Kabashima, eds. 2008. Changing Media, Changing Politics. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press (in Japanese)
- The Oprah Effect: How Soft News Helps Inattentive Citizens Vote Consistently. 2006. Journal of Politics 68(November): 946-59. (with Angela Jamison).
- Received ASCoR Denis McQuail Award for Best Article Advancing Communication Theory in an ISI ranked journal, worldwide, 2006.
- “How Cable Ended the Golden Age of Presidential Television: From 1969-2006.” 2006. In Samuel Kernell and Steven S. Smith, eds., The Principles and Practice of American Politics. Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press. (with Samuel Kernell)
- Talking The Vote:
What Happens When Presidential Politics Hits the Talk Show Circuit?
2005. American Journal of Political Science 49(April):
- Received APSA Political Communication Section’s Paul Lazarsfeld Award for best paper on political communication presented at the 2002 APSA Conference.
- Going Private:
Public Opinion, Presidential Rhetoric, and the Domestic Politics of
Audience Costs in U.S. Foreign Policy Crises. 2004. Journal of
Conflict Resolution 48(October): 603-631..
- How Public
Opinion Constrains the Use of Force: The Case of Operation Restore
Hope. 2004. Presidential Studies Quarterly 34(June): 187-226.
- Circling the
Wagons: Soft News and Isolationism in American Public Opinion. 2004. International
Studies Quarterly48(June): 313-338
- What Gets
Covered?: How Media Coverage of Elite Debate Drives the
Rally-'Round-the-Flag Phenomenon, 1979-1998. In In the Public
Domain: Presidents and the Challenges of Public Leadership. Han,
Lori Cox and Diane Heith, editors. Forthcoming (with Tim Groeling).
- Soft News and
Political Knowledge: Evidence of Absence or Absence of Evidence? 2003. Political
Communication 20(April): 173-190.
- The Political
Economy of Growth: Democracy and Human Capital. 2003. American
Journal of Political Science 43 (April): 333-347 (with David
Lies and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive
Public . 2002. American Political Science Review 96 (March):
- Reprinted in Media Power in Politics, 5th Edition. 2006. Graber, Doris A., editor. Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press (forthcoming).
Constituent Foundations of the Rally-Round-the-Flag Phenomenon. 2002. International
Studies Quarterly 46 (June):263-298.
- Received APSA Presidency Research Group’s “Founder’s Award” for best paper on the presidency presented at the 2000 APSA Conference.
Invisible Hand of Democracy: Political Control and the Provision of
Public Services. 2001. Comparative Political Studies 34
(August): 587-621. (with David Lake)
Class and Popular Support for Franklin Roosevelt in War and Peace.
2001. Public Opinion Quarterly 65(Summer): 198-229. (with Sam
Cable Ended the Golden Age of Presidential Television? 1999. American
Political Science Review 93 (March): 1-16. (with Sam Kernell)
Communications Revolution and the Political Use of Force. In Technology,
Development, and Democracy: International Conflict and Cooperation in
the Information Age. 2002. Allison, Juliann E., editor. New
York: SUNY Press. Chapter 6, pp.131-159.
- Review of American Public Opinion on the Iraq War, by Oli Holsti. 2011. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. In Perspectives on Politics 10(June): 448-450 (Summer 2012).
Trust and Perception: Powerful Factors in Assessing News About War. Niemen Reports (September 2010).
Review of . The Foreign Policy Dis*Connect: What Americans WANT from Our Leaders but DON’T Get, by Benjamin I. Page and Marshall M. Bouton. 2006. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. In Perspectives on Politics (Summer 2007).
- “Hard and Soft News.” In Schaefer, Todd, editor, Encyclopedia of Media and Politics. 2006. Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.
for Today's Conventional Politics.” San Diego Union Tribune,
July 25, 2004: G1.
Entertainment Drive Foreign Policy? Soft News and Public Reactions to
the Abu Ghraib Prisoner Abuse Scandal.” 2004. MESSAGE -
internationale Fachzeitschrift f? Journalismus (July). (Published
in German language.)
- Review of Celebrity Politics: Real Politics in America ,
by Darrell M. West and John M. Orman. Upper Saddle Ridge, NJ: Prentice
Hall, 2003. In Political Communication 21(July-September 2004): 407-408.
- Review of If it Bleeds, it Leads: An Anatomy of
Television News, by Matthew R. Kerbel. Boulder, CO: Westview
Press, 2001. In Political Communication 21(July-September 2004): 408.
- “Making Politics Fun. What Happens When Presidential
Candidates Hit the Talk Show Circuit?” PRG Report . (APSA
Presidency Research Group, Spring 2002 Newsletter).
- Tabloid Wars: The Mass Media, Public
Opinion and the Decision to Use Force Abroad. 2000. Doctoral
Dissertation. University of California, San Diego.
- "The Program is in the Previews.” Los Angeles Times, January 27, 2000: B9. (with Sam Kernell)
Nightmare Awaits: Clock is Ticking for U.S. to Tackle New Threat." Defense
News, December 6, 1993.
Along With Our Technology." Chicago Tribune, June 4, 1993.
of Long Cycles in World Politics by George Modelski, in
SAIS Review , Vol. 9, No. 1 (Summer-Fall 1989).
of Going Nuclear by Leonard Spector, in SAIS Review
Vol. 8, No. 1 (Summer-Fall 1988).
- “Design, Identification, and Sensitivity Analysis for Patient Preference Trials.” Paper prepared for the 2014 Summer Meeting of the Society for Political Methodology. (with Adam Berinsky, Dean Knox, and Teppei Yamamoto)
- “Tell Me Something I Don’t Know: Disentangling Selective Exposure and Persuasion.” Paper prepared for the 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society for Political Psychology, Rome, Italy. (with Adam Berinsky, Justin de Benedictis-Kessner, and Teppei Yamamoto)
- “Information, Popular Constraint, and the Democratic Peace.” Paper prepared for the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington D.C. (with Phil Potter)
- “Measuring Rape Culture: Evidence from U.S. Newspapers, 2000-2013.” Paper prepared for the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington D.C. (with Dara Kay Cohen and Yuri Zhukov).
- “Media Ownership and News Coverage of International Conflict.” (with Yuri Zhukov). Paper prepared for the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.
- “Partisan News Before Fox: Newspaper Partisanship and Partisan Polarization, 1869-1992.” (with Tim Groeling). Paper prepared for the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.
- What Determines the News About Foreign Policy? Newspaper Ownership, Crisis Dynamics and the 2011 Libyan Uprising (with Yuri Zhukov) Paper prepared for the 2012 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association.
- "War Through Red- and Blue-Colored Glasses: Partisan News Self-Selection and Public Opinion on the NATO Intervention in Libya" (with Tim Groeling). Paper prepared for the 2012 meeting of the American Political Science Association, New Orleans, LA.
- The Longest War Story: Elite Rhetoric, Public Opinion, and the War in Afghanistan (with Tim Groeling). Paper Presented at the 2011 APSA Political Communication Section Pre-Conference.
- “Emotions, the Horserace Metaphor and the 2008 Presidential Campaign.” Paper presented at the 2010 meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, DC (with Ann Crigler, Marion Just, and Jesse Mills).
- “Women and Academic Publishing: Preliminary Results from a Survey of the ISA Membership.” Paper presented at the 2010 meeting of the International Studies Association, New Orleans, LA.
- “Foreign Policy Views and U.S. Standing in the World." Paper presented at 2009 meeting of the American Political Science Association, Toronto, Canada (with Henry Nau).
- “Getting the Message: Information Transparency and the Domestic Politics of Militarized Disputes.” Paper presented at 2006 Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA, and at the 2005 annual meeting of the International Studies Association, 2-6 March, Honolulu, HI.
- “Political Scandal, Gender, and Tabloid News: An Experimental Examination of News Preferences for Scandalous News.” Paper presented at 2006 Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA. With Tim Groeling and Martie Haselton. (Under review.)
- “Issue Bias: How Issue Coverage and Media Bias Affect Voter Perceptions of Elections.” Paper presented at 2005 Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington D.C. With Phil Gussin.
- “Sanctioning in the Shadow of War: The Interdependence of Economic Sanctions and the Use of Military Force.” Paper presented at the 2003 Meeting of the International Studies Association, Portland, OR. With Angela O’Mahony and Michael Hiscox.
- “Public Opinion and the Domestic Politics of Congressional Trade Sanctions.” Paper presented at the 2002 Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL. With Angela O’Mahony and Michael Hiscox.
- “Playing to the Crowd: Public Opinion and the Initiation of Trade Sanctions.” Paper presented at the 2001 Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA. With Angela O’Mahony and Michael Hiscox.
- “Trade and Conflict in the Cold War Era: An Emprical Analysis Using Directed Dyads. “Paper presented at the Workshop on Trade and Conflict of the 2000 ECPR Joint Workshops, Copenhagen, Denmark, April 9, 2000 (with Neal Beck).
FELLOWSHIPS, HONORS & AWARDS
- APSA Information Technology and Politics Section award for best article published in 2008.
- Harvard University, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Faculty Research Grant.
- Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Dean's Research Fund, Seed Grant, 2007.
- “Lunch on the Dean” award for outstanding teaching, Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, 2007.
- ASCoR Denis McQuail Award for Best Article Advancing Communication Theory in an ISI ranked journal (worldwide), 2006
- UCLA Academic Senate Faculty Research Grant, 2007
- Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics, and Public Policy, Faculty Research Grant, 2007
- Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Women and Public Policy Program, Faculty Research Grant, 2007.
- Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Dean's Research Fund, Seed Grant, 2006.
- Finalist for APSA Political Communication Section Graber Award for best book on political communication published in the last 10 years, 2006
- Time-sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS) grant for experimental research, 2006
Academic Senate Faculty Research Grant, 2005
- Winner of
Time-sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS) Special
Competition for funding experimental research, 2005
of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation Faculty
Research Grant, 2004
Faculty Career Development Award, 2004
Academic Senate Faculty Research Grant, 2004
Political Communication Section's Paul Lazarsfeld Award for best paper
on political communication presented at the 2002 APSA Conference, 2003
Center for American Politics and Public Policy (CAPPP) Faculty
Academic Senate Faculty Research Grant, 2003
- UCLA Office of
Instructional Development Instructional Improvement Grant, 2003
Presidency Research Group Founder's Award for best paper presented at
2000 APSA Conference, 2001
International Study and Overseas Program (ISOP) Faculty Research Grant,
Center for American Politics and Public Policy (CAPPP) Faculty
Academic Senate Faculty Research Grant, 2001
Academic Senate Faculty Research Grant, 2000
of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation,
Dissertation Fellowship (1999-00)
of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation,
Dissertation Fellowship (1998-99)
Affairs Council of Northern California Award for Outstanding
Performance and Contribution (1991)
Without War Council "Americans in World Affairs" Fellowship (1990-91)
Center for International and Strategic Affairs Research Fellowship
Eta Sigma National Honor Society (1984)
Key National Honor Society (1984)
- Ph.D. Prospectus Design Workshop (Harvard)
- International Politics and Policy (Harvard)
- Public Affairs Exercise Seminar (Harvard)
- Domestic Sources of Foreign Policy (UCLA)
- Political Communication (UCSD, UCLA, Harvard)
- Mass Media and American Politics (UCLA)
- Media, Public Opinion and Foreign Policy (UCLA, Harvard)
- Introduction to International Relations (UCLA, UCSD)
- National Science Foundation
- Time-Sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS)
- Princeton University Press
- W.W. Norton & Company Press
- Acta Politics
- American Journal of Political Science
- American Political Science Review
- American Politics Research
- British Journal of Political Science
- Communication Research
- Comparative Political Studies
- Conflict Management and Peace Science
- European Journal of Political Research
- Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics
- International Organization
- International Studies Perspectives
- International Studies Quarterly
- Journal of Communication
- Journal of Conflict Resolution
- Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media
- Journal of East Asian Studies
- Journal of Politics
- Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence
- Journal of Women, Politics, and Policy
- Media Psychology
- Perspectives on Politics
- Political Behavior
- Political Communication
- Political Psychology
- Political Research Quarterly
- Political Science Quarterly
- Presidential Studies Quarterly
- Public Choice
- Public Opinion Quarterly
- Social Science Quarterly
- World Politics
- University of Pennsylvania Law School Conference on "Regulatory Breakdown? The Crisis of Confidence in U.S. Regulation," Summer 2011.
- Invited participant, U.S. Department of Homeland Security Workshop on Public Perceptions of Emerging Security Technologies, 2010
- Invited presenter at University of Michigan, Ford School of Public Policy, International Policy Center Global Policy Perspectives Symposium on “Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy,” 2009.
- University of California, Berkeley Conference on “The American Presidency at War,” 2008.
- Carnegie-Knight Task Force on the Future of Journalism Education, Conference on the Future of Journalism, 2008.
- Carnegie-Knight Task Force on the Future of Journalism Education, Conference on the Future of Journalism, 2008.
- Harvard University World Bank Workshop: The Role of the News Media in the Governance Reform Agenda, 2008
- Princeton University Conference on Changing Media and Political Accountability, 2007
- International Communication Association Conference, 2007
Political Science Association Conference, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002,
2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.
- International Political Science Association, 2006.
Political Science Association Conference, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2005.
- UC Institute on
Global Conflict and Cooperation, Junior Faculty in International
Relations Colloquium, 2003, 2004, 2005.
Conference on "Government and Governance in Economic History," 2001.
Economic History Meeting, Spring 2001.
Political Science Association Conference, 1997, 1998, 2002.
Political Science Association, 2004
Studies Association Conference, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011.
Science Society (International) Conference, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002,
2003, 2005, 2007.
Meeting of the Political Methodology Group, 1998, 2000.
- Paper Presenter at University of Pennsylvania Law School Conference on "Regulatory Breakdown? The Crisis of Confidence in U.S. Regulation," Summer 2011.
- Presbyterian College, Russell Program Series on Politics and the Media, Fall 2011
- Harvard Institute for Learning in Retirement Study Group, Guest Lecture, Spring 2011.
- University of Texas, Austin, Department of Political Science, American Politics/International Relations Seminar, Spring 2010.
- Loyola Marymount University, Conference on “Media 2.0: Politics in the Age of New Media,” Winter 2010.
- University of Michigan, Ford School of Public Policy Global Policy Perspectives Symposia Series, Fall 2009.
- One Day University, Fall 2008
- Georgetown University, Public Policy Institute Seminar Series/American Politics Speaker Series, Fall 2008
- Harvard University, Political Psychology and Behavior Workshop, Fall 2008
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE AND AFFILIATIONS
- Invited to present seminar on media’s role in American politics for State Department sponsored United States Foreign Policy Institute “Study of the United States” program for foreign academics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Summer 2011.
- Associate PI for TESS (Time-sharing Experiments for Social Sciences) special competition for Department of Homeland Security regarding public opinion on terrorism and counterterrorism activities, Winter 2011.
- Chair, APSA Voting, Elections, and Public Opinion Section Emerging Scholar Award Committee, 2011.
- Program co-Chair, 2011 International Studies Association Annual Convention.
- Executive Committee Member, Harvard University, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, 2010-11
- Participant in APSA Task Force on U.S. Standing in the World, 2008-09.
- Faculty Chair of the Harvard Public Diplomacy Collaborative.
- Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Press/Politics, 2008-present
- Editorial Board Member, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2008-present
- Editorial Board Member, Political Communication, 2007-present
- Faculty Associate, Harvard University, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs
- Advisory Board Member, Media Tenor, Inc., 2007-08
- Chair, Political Communication Group Lazarsfeld “Best Paper” Award Committee, 2006
- Harvard University, Shorenstein Center Goldsmith Book Award Committee, 2007
- APSA Presidency Research Group, Founder’s Award “Best Paper” Committee, 2005
- APSA Political Communication Group Lazarsfeld “Best Paper” Award Committee, 2005
- Professional Association Memberships
- American Political Science Association
- Peace Science Society (International)
- International Studies Association
- Midwest Political Science Association
- American Association for Public Opinion Research
- International Communication Association
OTHER PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
Corporation, Washington, D.C.
Analyst (5/91-7/95): Designed and implemented crisis simulations,
wargames, strategic planning and training exercises for U.S.
Government, United Nations agencies and private sector clients. Topics
included future political/economic developments in Russia and the CIS,
Ballistic Missile Defense policy, Central America peace process,
Japanís military planning trends, Lessons Learned from Desert
Storm, testing the Federal Response Plan, Weapons of Mass Destruction
(WMD) Proliferation, domestic and international terrorism, natural
disaster preparedness and others. Also developed interactive multimedia
programs & CD-ROMs for exercises and training, managed multimedia
development process and managed company computer operations.
- World Affairs Council of Northern California, San
Decisions Program Coordinator (8/90-5/91): Coordinated and
implemented foreign policy educational series for Northern California;
Developed related programs (e.g., lectures, seminars, discussion
groups); Recruited speakers; Moderated public lecture forums (broadcast
on Northern California public radio); Led discussion group for high
school students; Promoted "Great Decisions" Program to high school and
college students and educators; Developed and implemented program to
bring discussion groups to over 40 area high schools (with over 800
participants); Trained local college students to facilitate high school
discussion groups; Managed Program budget, marketing, sales and
distribution of Program materials; Developed curriculum for, and
marketed, adult-education "Great Decisions" course for Marin County.
Received award for "Outstanding Performance," February 1991.