Research Papers

Lessons From Abroad

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"How to Lose Half a Trillion Euros: Europe's electricity providers face an existential threat." The Economist, October 12th, 2013.

Linares, Pedro. "Renewable Energy Development in Spain." Harvard Electricity Policy Group 73rd Plenary Session, Marana, AZ. 23 pages.

Olson, Arne. "Reliance on Renewables: A California Perspective." Harvard Electricity Policy Group 73rd Plenary Session, Marana, AZ. 12 pages.

Sercu, Stefaan. "Renewables: Clash Between Expectation and Reality." Harvard Electricity Policy Group 73rd Plenary Session, Marana, AZ. 9 pages.

Trepper, Katrin, Michael Bucksteeg, and Christoph Weber. "An Integrated Approach to Model Redispatch and to Assess Potential Benefits from Market Splitting in Germany." EWL Working Paper No. [19/2013], Chair for Management Science and Energy Economics, University of Duisburg-Essen, July, 2013.

Vasconcelos, Jorge. "Reliance on Renewables: Clash Between Expectation and Reality?" Harvard Electricity Policy Group 73rd Plenary Session, Marana, AZ. 17 pages.

von der Fehr, Nils-Henrik, et al. "Cost Benefit Analysis in the Context of the Energy Infrastructure Package - Topic 10." European University Institute, posted February 20, 2013.

Weber, Christoph. "Lessons to be learnt from the German renewables experience." Harvard Electricity Policy Group 73rd Plenary Session, Marana, AZ. 19 pages.

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Ofgem. "Making the Electricity Market More Competitive for Consumers." Factsheet 112. February 22, 2012.

Bjørndal, Mette Helene. "Electricity Market Developments in the Nord Pool Area." Presentation to the Harvard Electricity Policy Group Sixty-Sixth Plenary Session, Santa Monica, California. March 8, 2012. 30 pages.

Electric Authority of New Zealand. Transmission pricing methodology review - issues and proposal. Consultation period: 10 October 2012 to 30 November 2012 5:00pm.

Faruqui, Ahmad, Ryan Hledik, and Jennifer Palmer. "Time-Varying and Dynamic Rate Design." The Brattle Group and RAP Global Power Best Practice Series, July 2012.

Henney, Alex. "The Collapse of the Government's Electricity Generation Policies." Chapter 15, Privatising Power: How to Restructure the Electricity Supply Industry, 1987, updated May 11, 2012.

Léautier, Thomas-Oliver. "The visible hand: ensuring optimal investment in electric power generation." Toulouse School of Economics, August 19, 2012.

Ledgerwood, Shaun, and Dan Harris. "A Comparison of Anti-manipulation Rules in U.S. and EU Electricity and Natural Gas Markets: A Proposal for a Common Standard." Energy Law Journal, Vol. 33, no. 1, 2012.

Littlechild, Stephen. "Electricity Market Developments in Great Britain." Presentation to the Harvard Electricity Policy Group Sixty-Sixth Plenary Session, Santa Monica, California. March 8, 2012. 19 pages.

Livengood, Erich, Steve Torrens, and Matthew Steans. "Clearing Manager Financial Transmission Rights: Prudential Security Assessment Methodology Review. Consultation on proposed methodology in accordance with the Electricity Industry Participation Code of 2010." NZX Energy, 10 April 2012.

Saraiva, Joisa Campanher Dutra. "Electricity Market Developments in Brazil." Presentation to the Harvard Electricity Policy Group Sixty-Sixth Plenary Session, Santa Monica, California. March 8, 2012. 18 pages.

Schröder, Catalina. "Grid Instability Has Industry Scrambling for Solutions." Der Spiegel, August 16, 2012.

Sills, Ben. "Spain Adds $32 Billion Power-System Bailout to Bank Rescue." Bloomberg, Oct 2, 2012.

Shi, Yaodong. "China's Power Sector Reform: Efforts, Dilemmas, and Prospects." Presentation to the Harvard Electricity Policy Group Sixty-Sixth Plenary Session, Santa Monica, California. March 8, 2012. 17 pages.

A Public Address by President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff. Harvard Kennedy School Forum, April 10, 2012.

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Market Surveillance Administrator. Offer Behaviour Enforcement Guidelines for Alberta's Wholesale Electricity Market. January 14, 2011.

K. Neuhoff, R. Boyd, T. Grau, J. Barquin, F. Echabarren, J. Bialek, C. Dent, C. von Hirschhausen, B. F. Hobbs, F. Kunz, H. Weigt, C. Nabe, G. Papaefthymiou and C. Weber. "Renewable Electric Energy Integration: Quantifying the Value of Design of Markets for International Transmission Capacity." Discussion Paper 1166, DIW Berlin, 2011.

Electricity Market Reform (EMR), United Kingdom. Planning Our Electric Future: A White Paper for Secure, Affordable, and Low-Carbon Electricity. 2011.

Electricity Authority of New Zealand. Introduction of financial transmission rights - 11 August 2011. Following consultation on the draft Code amendment paper (April 2011), the Authority has finalised the Code amendment to allow for the introduction of an inter-island FTR.

Transmission Pricing Advisory Group. Transmission Pricing Discussion Paper. 7 June 2011.

Biggar, Darryl. Independent Review of "Transmission Pricing Advisory Group: Transmission Pricing Discussion Paper: 7 June 2011," prepared for the New Zealand Electricity Authority, 14 July 2011.

Evans, Lewis. Comment on Daryl Biggar's "Independent Review of Transmission Pricing Advisory Group: Transmission Pricing Discussion Paper: 7 June 2011" prepared for the Electricity Authority and dated 14 July 2011.

Neuhoff, Karsten, Benjamin F. Hobbs and David Newbery. "Congestion Management in European Power Networks: Criteria to Assess the Available Options." DIW Berlin, 2011.

Ruff, Larry. "Gas Markets Reform: A Global Perspective." Gas Industry Company Conference: “Optimizing the Contribution of Gas to New Zealand.” Wellington, New Zealand, August 24, 2011.

Sikorski, Tomasz. "Nodal Pricing Project in Poland." 34th IAEE International Conference: Institutions, Efficiency and Evolving Energy Technologies. Stockholm, Sweden, June 21, 2011. 11 pages.

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Introduction to the National Electricity Market of Singapore. Energy Market Authority, July, 2009. 69 pages.

Singapore Electricity Roundtable 2009 - complete presentations available.


Pérez-Arriaga, Ignacio J. Transmission issues in cross-border trading of electricity: Internal compensation charges in the EU. Energy Policy Research Seminar, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge, MA, December 15, 2008. 125 pages.

London Economics in association with Global Energy Decisions. Structure and Performance of Six European Wholesale Electricity Markets in 2003, 2004 and 2005: Executive Summary. Presented to DG Comp 26th February 2007.


Hartridge, Olivia. Carbon Markets: Why and How? 1 June 2007. Presentation, 19 pages.

Röller, Lars-Hendrik, Juan Delgado and Hans Friederiszick. Energy: Choices for Europe. March 2007. Paper, 73 pages.

Zachmann, Georg and Christian von Hirschhausen. First Evidence of Asymmetric Cost Pass-through of EU Emissions Allowances: Examining Wholesale Electricity Prices in Germany. March 2007. Paper, 8 pages.


Daxhelet, Olivier and Yves Smeers. Inter-TSO Compensation Mechanism. 7 November 2005. Paper, 15 pages.

Zachmann, Georg. Convergence of Electricity Wholesale Prices in Europe? A Kalman Filter Approach. September 2005. Paper, 34 pages.

Leuthold, Florian and Ina Rumiantseva, Hannes Weigt, Till Jeske and Christian von Hirschhausen. Nodal Pricing in the German Electricity Sector -- A Welfare Economics Analysis, with Particular Reference to Implementing Offshore Wind Capacities. September 2005. Paper, 33 pages.

Andersson, Bo. Retail Competition: Experiences From Scandinavia. 22 September 2005. Presentation, 18 pages.

Dadson, Aleck. Competition in the UK Retail Electricity Market. 22 September 2005. Presentation, 11 pages.

Brown, Ashley. Regulation and Electric Restructuring Policy Note: Follow Up to Moscow Visit of July 12-15, 2005 and Workshop of July 14, 2005. September 2005. Paper, 13 pages.

Green, Richard and Joanne Evans. Why did British electricity prices fall after 1998? July 2005. Paper, 24 pages.

Littlechild, Stephen. Smaller Suppliers in the UK Domestic Electricity Market: Experience, Concerns and Policy Recommendations. 29 June 2005. 74 pages.

Hogan, William. Transmission Expansion and Electricity Restructuring. 19 May 2005. Presentation, 20 pages.

Littlechild, Stephen. Smaller Suppliers in the UK Domestic Electricity Market: Experience, Concerns and Policy Recommendations. 29 June, 2005. Paper, 74 pages

Littlechild, Stephen and Carlos Skerk. Regulation of Transmission Expansion in Argentina: Part 1 - State Ownership, Reform, and the Fourth Line; and Part 2 - Developments Since the Fourth Line. Cambridge Working Papers in Economics CWPE 0464 and 0465, 76 pages each.

Riley, Rick. Transmission Expansion in Restructured Electricity Markets. 19 May 2005. 15 pages.

Roark, Jeffrey. My Wound is Argentina...Expansion of Transmission by Market Participants in the World's First LMP Market. 19 May 2005. Presentation, 17 pages.


Ehrenmann, Andreas and Yves Smeers. "Inefficiencies in European Congestion Management Proposals. 23 December 2004. Paper, 43 pages.

Ihara, Satoru. Why Japan Remains Skeptical of Restructuring: Study of Electricity Market Bidding Characteristics for Modeling Generation Capacity Growth. 17 November 2004. Presentation, 29 pages.

Crampes, Claude and Natalia Fabra. The Spanish Electricity Industry: Plus ca change... 3 November 2004. Paper,
29 pages.

Mullins, Mark (The Fraser Institute). Power Jolt Required: Measuring the Impact of Electricity Deregulation. Frasier Alert. October 2004. 8 pages.

Mullins, Mark (The Fraser Institute). Retail Cost Recovery and Rate Design in a Restructured Environment. 12 October 2004. Paper, 52 pages.

Roques, Fabien, David Newbery and William Nuttall. Generation Adequacy and Investment Incentives in Britain: from the Pool to NETA. 12 October 2004. Paper, 53 pages.

Botterud, Audun. Generation Investments in Restructured Power Systems: Perspectives from the Nordic Power Market (Nord Pool). 7 October 2004. Presentation, 28 pages.

ETSO-EuroPEX. Flow-based Market Coupling: A Joint ETSO-EuroPEX Proposal for Cross-Border Congestion Management and Integration of Electricity Markets in Europe. September 2004. Interim Report, 26 pages.

ETSO-EuroPEX. Flow-based Market Coupling: A Joint ETSO-EuroPEX Proposal for Cross-Border Congestion Management and Integration of Electricity Markets in Europe. September 2004. Presentation, 27 pages.

The World Bank (Russian Federation: Infrastructure and Energy).
Policy Perspective and Analysis of the Regulatory Regime in the Restructured Russian Power Sector. June 2004. Policy note, 44 pages.
Structural and Design Issues in the Russian Electricity Reforms. June 2004. Policy note, 36 pages.

Doorman, Gerard, Gerd Kjolle, Kjetil Uhlen, Einar Stale Huse and Nils Flatabo. Vulnerability of the Nordic Power System. May 2004. Main report to the Nordic Council of Ministers. 170 pages.

Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Bill 100: An Act to amend the Electricity Act, 1998 and the Ontario Energy Board Act, 1998 and to make consequential amendments to other Acts. 15 June 2004. First reading. 58 pages.

Green, Richard. Regulating Capacity in England and Wales. 3 June 2004. Presentation, 14 pages.

Stern, Jon. Regulatory Governance and its Relationship to Infrastructure Industry Outcomes in Developing Economies. 19 May 2004. Presentation, 24 pages.

Green, Richard. Did English Generators Play Cournot? Capacity Withholding in the Electricity Pool. 6 April 2004. Paper, 24 pages.

Medlock, Kenneth and Peter Hartley. The Role of Nuclear Power in Enhancing Japan's Energy Security. March 2004. Paper, 61 pages.

Olmos, Luis and Ignacio Perez-Arriaga (IIT). A Plausible Congestion Management Scheme for the Internal Electricity Market of the European Union. March 2004. Paper, 42 pages.

Commission for Energy Regulation (Ireland). Electricity Tariff Structure Review: International Comparisons. 9 March 2004. Information paper, 47 pages.

Institute for Industrial Economics (Toulouse, France). Competition and Coordination in the Electricity Industry.
16-17 January 2004. Conference link.


Fraser, Peter (IEA). Power Generation Investment in Electricity Markets. December 2003. Publication, 104 pages.

Rufin, Carlos and Evanan Romero. Sustainability of Regulatory Reform in Latin America: Unraveling Commitments. 2 November 2003. Paper, 28 pages.

Carreon-Rodriguez, Victor and Juan Rosellon. The Mexican Electricity Sector: Economic, Legal and Political Issues. The Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (Stanford University). 12 November 2003. Working paper, 49 pages.

Market Arrangements for Electricity (Commission for Energy Regulation - Ireland). Interconnector Trading Principles: 17 October 2003.
Market Arrangements for Electricity: 12 September 2003.
Twohig, Sonya: ESB National Grid Response.
McKervey, Ken: ESB PG Comments.
O'Brien, Keelin: MAE Detailed Desing Response.
McDyer, Fiachra: Co-Optimised Reserve: Some Aspects and Issues.
Turner, Alaskair: The Operation of an Electricity Market.
October 2003. Conference proceedings.

Bower, John (Oxford Institute for Energy Studies). Why Ofgem? September 2003. Paper, 9 pages.

Wolak, Frank (Stanford University). Designing Competitive Wholesale Electricity Markets for Latin AMerican Countries. April 2003. Paper, 132 pages.

Aron, Leon. Privatizing Russia's Electricity. Summer 2003. Paper, 9 pages.

Massoni, Michel. French Electricity Liberalization and the European Context. 10 May 2003. Presentation, 13 pages.

Rosellon, Juan. Pricing Electricity Transmission in Mexico. May 2003 2003. Draft paper, 34 pages.

Glachant, Jean-Michel and Dominique Finon. Competition in European Electricity Markets: A Cross-Country Comparison. May 2003. Flyer.

Boucher, J. and Y. Smeer. The European Regulation on Cross Border Trade: Can One Do Without A Standard Market Design? March 2003. Paper, 57 pages.

Bozumbayev, Kanat. Lessons from Kazakhstan's Successful Electricity Reform. 21 February 2003. Presentation,
10 pages.

de la Peña Fernández-Garnelo, Francisco de Borja. Merger Control in the European Energy Markets. 7 February 2003. Presentation, 15 pages.

Ruff, Larry. The Ontario Experience and the Future of Competition in Electricity. 30 January 2003. Presentation, 27 pages.

New Zealand Commerce Commission. Price Controls of Electricity Lines Business Website.


New Zealand Electricity Market (NZEM). Assessment of Outcomes Achieved by Full Nodal Pricing in NZEM. 18 December 2002. Paper, 69 pages.

Australia National Government. Towards a Truly National and Efficient Energy Market. November 2002. Regulatory analysis, 168 pages.

Kristiansen, Tarjei. Lessons for the US. 30 October 2002. Presentation, 44 pages.

McDonell, Gavan (National Electricity Tribunal). Reasons for Decision: In the Matter of an Application for Review of a NEMMCO Determination on the SNI Interconnector dated 6 December 2001. Related Appendices. 24 October 2002. Judicial ruling, 11 pages.

Cripps, Jerrold and Douglas Williamson (National Electricity Tribunal). Reasons for Decision: In the Matter of an Application for Review of a NEMMCO Determination on the SNI Interconnector dated 6 December 2001. Related Appendices. 24 October 2002. Judicial ruling, 73 pages.

Glachant, Jean-Michel and Virginie Pignon. Nordic Electricity Congestion's Arrangement as a Model for Europe: Physical Constraints or Operator's Opportunism? 29 September 2002. MIT CEEPR Working Paper No. 2002-06, 26 pages.

Secretaria de Energia (Mexico). Proposal for the Electrical Sector Modernization. Fall 2002. Paper, 41 pages.

Daxhelet, O. and Y. Smeers. Cross Border Trade: A Two-Stage Equilibrium Model of the Florence Regulatory Forum Proposals. 24 July 2002. Paper, 63 pages.

Henney, Alex and Tim Russell. Lessons from The Institutional Framework of Transmission, System Operation, and Energy Markets in Most West European Countries and Some Other Countries – The Case for Transcos. 1 July 2002. FERC Docket No. RM 01-12-00. 47 pages.

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry: Agency for Natural Resources and Energy. First Report to the Leaders on the US - Japan Regulatory Reform and Competition Policy Initiative. 25 June 2002. Report, 50 pages.

Ruff, Larry. The Alberta Electricity Market: Structuring for Competition. 6 March 2002. Paper, 35 pages.

Cornwall, Nigel. The Need for Balance in NETA Imbalance Pricing. March 2002. Paper, 5 pages.

OFGEM. Transmission Access and Losses Under NETA-Revised Proposals. February 2002. Paper, 102 pages.

Brown, Ashley. The Privatization of Brazil’s Electricity Industry: Sector Reform or Restatement of the Government’s Balance Sheet? January 2002. Paper, 27 pages.

Gall, Philip. Regulated and Merchant Transmission Investment – Lessons from Australia. 23 January 2002. Presentation, 21 pages.


Littlechild, Stephen. Electricity: Regulatory Developments Around the World. The Beesley Lectures on Regulation Series XI. IEA/LBS, London. 9 October 2001 (revised November 2001). Paper, 24 pages.

Lapuerta, Carlos and Boaz Moselle. Recommendations for the Dutch Electricity Market. November 2001. Paper,
42 pages.

Henney, Alex. Transmission Access - A Case Study in Public Maladministration? (NETA) October 2001. Paper, 15 pages.

Evans, Lewis, and Richard Meade (ISCR: New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation, Inc). Economic Analysis of Financial Transmission Rights (FTR's) with Specific Reference to the Transpower Proposal for New Zealand. 28 September 2001. Paper, 73 pages.

Woolf, Fiona. A Single Electricity Market in Europe - or Fifteen? 20 September 2001. Presentation, 17 pages.

Infratil. New Zealand Electricity: Lessons from the Winter of 2001. 9 September 2001. Paper, 12 pages.

Cornwall, Nigel. NETA - Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full? September 2001. Paper, 10 pages.

Sweeting, Andrew. The Effect of Falling Market Concentration on Prices, Generator Behavior and Productive Efficiency in the England and Wales Electricity Market. May 2001. Paper, 52 pages.

Von Hirschhausen, Christian and Petra Opitz. Power Utility Re-Regulation in East European and CIS Transformation Countries (1990-1999): An Institutional Interpretation. 2001. Paper, 24 pages.


Bernard, Jean-Thomas and Chantal Guertin. Nodal pricing and transmission losses: An application to a hydroelectric power system. 18 August 2000. Paper, 29 pages.

Turvey, Ralph. RETA and Transmission. Summer 2000. Paper, 26 pages.

Reilly, Robert. New Zealand Electricity Markets. 22 May 2000. Presentation.

Fritz, Peter. Development of the Electricity Retail Market in Sweden. 22 May 2000. Presentation.

Fernandez-Ordonez, Miguel. Retail Competition in Spain. 22 May 2000. Presentation.

MacKerron, Gordon. Retail Electricity Competition in England and Wales. 22 May 2000. Presentation.


Basic Policies Committee of the Electric Utility Industry Council (Japan). Electric Power Market Deregulation Plan in Japan. Translated by JEPIC Washington Office. January 1999.

National Electricity Code Administrator (UK). The Scope for Integrating the Energy Market and Network Services. September 1999. Paper, 53 pages.

Johnsen, Tor Arnt, Shashi Kant Verma and Catherine Wolfram. Zonal Pricing and Demand-Side Bidding in the Norwegian Electricity Market Power. Working paper. June 1999.

Macatangay, Rafael Emmanuel. Anti-Trust Markets for Wholesale Electricity in England and Wales. January 1999.

Johnsen, Tor Arnt. Residential Customers and Competitive Electricity Markets. The Case of Norway Draft. 15 January 1999.

Secretaria de Energia. Policy Proposal for Structural Reform of the Mexican Electricity Industry. January 1999.


Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (A. Asher). Network Industry Regulation and Convergence in Service Delivery: Challenges for Suppliers, Users and Regulators. APPEA Journal. 1998.

Jonassen, Torfinn. Opening of the Power Market to End Users in Norway 1991-1999. December 1998.

Green, Richard. Draining the Pool: The Reform of Electricity and Trading in England and Wales. Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge. December 1998.

Green, Richard and David Newbery. Comments on "Review of Energy Sources for Power Generation: Consultation Document." July 1998.

National Economic Research Associates. Current Network Pricing Arrangements (Australia). June 1998.

National Economic Research Associates. Review of Transmission and Distribution Pricing: Effectiveness of Current Arrangements (Australia). June 1998.

National Economic Research Associates. Transmission Pricing: International Developments (Alberta, Argentina, California, UK, Finland, New Zealand, Norway, PJM, Sweden). May 1998.

Boucher, Jacqueline, Jean Dekelver and Yves Smeers. The Restructuring of the European Electricity System. April 1998.

George, Tim. Inter-Regional Transfer Limit Equations: Implementation in ESCA SPD (Australia). 7 April 1998.

Electricity Pool of England and Wales. Objectives for the Electricity Trading Arrangements. Final Report. 6 April 1998.

Macatangay, Rafael Emmanuel. Numerical Simulations of Calibrated Spatial Auctions for Wholesale Electricity and Transmission: Implications for England and Wales. April 1998.

National Economic Research Associates. Principles of Efficient Pricing for Transmission and Distribution (Australia). April 1998.

Macatangay, Rafael Emmanuel. Space-Time Prices of Wholesale Electricity in England and Wales. March 1998.

Office of Electricity Regulation (UK). Review of Electricity Trading Arrangements: Working Paper on Trading Inside and Outside the Pool. March 1998.

Wolfram, Catherine. Strategic Bidding in a Multi-Unit Auction: An Empirical Analysis of Bids to Supply Electricity in England and Wales. March 1998.

Johnsen, Tor Arnt. Demand, Generation and Spot Price in the Norwegian Market for Electric Power. 13 February 1998.

Johnsen, Tor Arnt. Trade Patterns, Capacity Expansions and Price Development in a Multi-Area Competitive Electricity Market - Scandinavia. 13 February 1998.

Adams, Thomas. Whither Ontario Hydro? A Picture of Restructuring in Mid-Flight. 29 January 1998. Presentation, 8 pages.

Ruff, Larry. Electricity Restructuring in New Zealand and Australia. 29 January 1998. Presentation.

Moen, Jan. Restructured Electricity Markets Experiences and Reassessments. Transferability of Lessons Learned:
A Goldmine or Just Passable Information?
20 January 1998. Presentation.

Rudnick, Hugh. The Electric Market Restructuring in South America: Successes and Failures on Market Design.
January 1998.

Ministerial Inquiry of New Zealand. Auckland Power Supply Failure. 1998.

National Operator of the Electrical System (Brazil). Charter. 1998.


Asano, Hiroshi, and Tukitoki Tsukamoto. "Transmission pricing in Japan." Utilities Policy 6, Number 3 (1997): pp. 203-210.

Adams, Thomas. Making Retail Gas Competition Work in Ontario: A Proposed Gas Independent System Operator. Energy Analects. 9 June 1997. Guest Column, 4 pages.

Comisión del Sistema Eléctrico Nacional. Spanish Electric Power Act, Draft, unofficial English translation.
November 1997.

Comisión del Sistema Eléctrico Nacional. The New Spanish Electricity Act and the Introduction of a Competitive Electricity Market in Spain. November 1997.

Newbery, David. Pool Reform and Competition in Electricity (UK). DAE Working Papers. November 1997.

Province of Ontario. Direction for Change: Charting a Course for Competitive Electricity and Jobs in Ontario. November 1997.

Verma, Shashi. Getting Privatization Right: Establishing a Competitive Market for Electricity Generation in Brazil. November 1997.

Kober, Magnus and Ann-Kristin Hjelle. Electricity Market Survey 1997. 22 August 1997.

La Porta, Rafael and Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes. The Benefits of Privatization: Evidence from Mexico. 21 August 1997.

Alvey, Trevor, Doug Goodwin, Xingwang Ma, David Streiffert and David Sun. A Security-Constrained Bid-Clearing System for the New Zealand Wholesale Electricity Market. July 1997. 7 pages.

Barker, James Jr., Bernard Tenenbaum and Fiona Woolf. Governance and Regulation of Power Pools and System Operators, An International Comparison. Papers 382, World Bank - Technical Papers. September, 1997.

Carr, Jan. Ownership and Control in the Competitive Electricity System. Proposed for Ontario. 6 March 1997. Presentation.

Dawson, Paul and Graham Shuttleworth (National Economic Research Associates). Efficient Transmission Pricing in Norway and Sweden. 18 February 1997. Paper, 49 pages.


Swedish Trade Council North America. Electricity Exchanges in Scandinavia. November 1996.

Cragg, Michael Ian and I.J. Alexander Dyck. Management Control and Privatization in the United Kingdom: A Quiet Life Disturbed Draft. September 1996.

Ruff, Larry. The Counterfactual to the NZEM Rules. Address to the New Zealand Commerce Commission. 12 August 1996.

Harvard Electricity Policy Group. International Survey of Restructuring Reforms. 8 July 1996.

East Asian Electricity Restructuring Forum. Final Report. 30 June 1996.

European Union General Secretariat. Amended Proposal for a Directive ... Concerning Common Rules for the Internal Market in Electricity SN 3312/96 (ENER). 21 June 1996.

Wolak, Frank and Robert Patrick. The Impact of Market Rules and Market Structure on the Price Determination Process in the England and Wales Electricity Market. June 1996.

Moen, Jan. A Common Electricity Market in Norway and Sweden: Prerequisites, Development and Results So Far Draft. 19 May 1996.

MacKerron, Gordon. Regulating Distribution in England and Wales: Some Lessons. 18 April 1996. Draft.

Garcia, Raul. Untitled Presentation on Argentine Energy Regulation. 18 April 1996. Draft.

Lingley, Kate (transl.) The Electricity Law of the People's Republic of China. 3 April 1996.

MacKerron, Gordon. Problems of Regulation and Competition in the England and Wales Electricity System. 25-26 January 1996. Draft.

Swedish Ministry of Industry and Commerce. The New Swedish Electricity Market 1996. Summary.

Bunn, Derek. Market-Based Pricing and Demand-Side Participation in the Electricity Pool of England and Wales. EPRI Conference Proceedings, 1996.

Wibberley, Peter and Alistair Green. Pricing of Constraints - The England and Wales Experience. 1996. EPRI Conference Proceedings.


Stelzer, Irwin. Regulated to Make Electrifying Profits. 3 September 1995. The Sunday Times.

Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) Report. Masayui Yajima, Ingo Hensing, Thomas Klopfer, Christoph Riechmann, Walter Schulz, and Oliver Werner. Deregulation of the Electricity Supply Industry: International Status of Deregulatory Reforms. September 1995.

Moen, Jan. Regulation and Competition Without Privatization: Experiences from the Norwegian Electric Supply Industry. August 1995. Draft.

MacKerron, Gordon. Does Competition in Electricity Lead to Deregulation? (England and Wales). 5-8 July 1995. Draft.

Büchner, Jens and Alan Kidd. The Norwegian Electricity Market: Overview on Industry and Market Structure. 1-2 June 1995. Draft.

Bridgeman, A. Guy. Restructuring the Alberta Electric Industry. Presentation to the Competition in the Canadian Electricity Market, 24-25 May 1995.

Higashida, Ryuuichi and Naoki Matsuo. Transforming Electric Power Sector in ASEAN Countries. May 1995. Draft.

Japanese Department of Electricity. Current Topic of Japan's Energy Policy - Deregulation. May 1995. Draft.

Newbery, David. Untitled Presentation Slides on UK Power Markets. 18 April 1995. Draft.

Newbery, David. Power Markets and Market Power (UK). 1 April 1995. Draft.

Pope, Kyle. Utility Privatizations Backfire in the UK 30 March 1995. Wall Street Journal. Page A10.

Stelzer, Irwin. Long Arm of the Regulator Needs to Be Strengthened. 24 March 1995. The Times of London, page 25.

Read, Grant and Brendan Ring. A Dispatch-Based Pricing Model for the New Zealand Electricity Market. February 1995. Draft.

Shixian, Gao and Zhou Dadi. China's Electricity Industry: Development, Reform, and the Role of Foreign Investments. 20 January 1995. Draft translation.

Moen, Jan. Electric Utility Regulation, Structure, and Competition. Experiences from the Norwegian Supply Industry (ESI). Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Administration. January 1995.

Yarrow, George. Power Sector Reform in Europe with Special Reference to Britain and Norway. January 1995. Draft.

Asano, Hiroshi, et al. Japanese Approach to Energy Deregulation Policy - Modeling the Spatial Purchased Power Pricing. 1995.

Førsund and Kittelsen. Productivity Development of Norwegian Electricity Distribution Utilities 1995. SNF Arbeidsnotat (Working Paper).

Alberta Legislative Assembly. Electric Utilities Act and Electric Energy Marketing Act 1995. See also Alberta Energy.

New Zealand ECNZ. Electricity Generation ... a New Environment 1995.

Westre, Einar. Transmission Pricing in Norway 1995.


Office of State Owned Enterprises, Department of the Treasury (Australia). Reforming Victoria's Electricity Industry: A Competitive Future for Electricity - A Summary of Reforms. December 1994.

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Administration. Guidelines for System Responsibility in the Electrical Power System. December 1994.

Moen, Jan. Guidelines for Metering and Settlements of Electricity Trade. 5 November 1994. Draft.

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Administration. Guidelines for Metering and Settlements of Electricity Trade. 5 November 1994.

Rudnick, Hugh. Competition, Coordination, and Transmission Pricing: Open Access in Chile. 27-28 October 1994. Draft.

Moen, Jan. Untitled Draft Presentation on the Deregulation of the Norwegian Electricity Market. 27 October 1994.

Government of Alberta. Proposed Changes to Electric Industry Will Help Keep Consumers Down. 18 October 1994. News Release, 6 pages.

Moen, Jan. Chapter on Unbundling of Norwegian Electric Supply Industry. 11 September 1994. Draft.

Japanese Subcommittee on Basic Electricity Issues of the Supply and Demand Committee of the Electric Utility Industry Council. Reassessing Japan's Electricity Supply System: Introducing Competitive Principles to Improve Efficiency. 1994. Draft.

Australian National Grid Management Council, Market Trading Working Group. Market Overview. 21 September 1994. Position Paper No. 1.

Office of Electricity Regulation (UK). Report on Trading Outside the Pool. July 1994.

Office of Electricity Regulation (UK). The Supply Price Control: Proposals 1994.

Rudnick, Hugh, Rodrigo Palma and José Fernández. Marginal Pricing and Supplement Cost Allocation in Transmission Open Access (Chile). 3 May 1994. IEEE Power Engineering Society Paper No. 94 SM 528-0 PWRS.

Bergman, Lars and Bo Andersson. "Market Structure and the Price of Electricity: An Ex Ante Analysis of the Deregulated Swedish Electricity Market." May 1994. Draft.

Office of Electricity Regulation (UK). Decision on a Monopolies and Mergers Commission Reference. February 1994.

Marshall, Eileen. The 100KW Electricity Supply Market (England and Wales). January 1994.

Green, Richard. "Britain's Unregulated Electricity Pool" In Einhorn, Michael, ed., From Regulation to Competition: New Frontiers in Electricity Markets. 1994. Kluwer Academic Publishing.

Swedish Energy Commission. Summary of the Electricity Market in Change Proposal SOU 1994(14): pp. 16-23.


Kean, Steven. Problems in Pools (As Illustrated by the UK Model). December 1993. Draft.

Marshall, Eileen. The UK Electricity Market. September 1993.

Cohen, Armond. Retail Wheeling and Rhode Island's Energy Future: Issues, Problems, and Lessons from Europe. Remarks presented to the Retail Wheeling Subcommittee of the RI Energy Coordination Council. 22 July 1993.

Office of Electricity Regulation (UK). Pool Price Statement July 1993.

Electricity Pool of England and Wales. User's Guide to the Pool Rules. June 1993. Issue 1.00.

Littlechild, Stephen. Competition, Monopoly and Regulation in the Electricity Industry (UK). June 1993.

TransPower New Zealand Limited. Transmission Pricing 1993. February 1993.


Green, Richard and David Newbery. Competition in the British Electricity Spot Market 1992. Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 100. No. 5. Pp. 929-953.


Capacity Markets

Climate Change


Competitive Market Models and Transitions to Competition

Electric Storage

Demand Response

Demand Side Management/Conservation

Distributed Generation

EPAct and Predictions for the Future

FERC Rulings and Reports

Financial Markets

Financial Transmission Rights

Investment Incentives/Risk Allocation

Lessons from Abroad

Lessons from Other US Industries


Market Liquidity

Market "Manipulation"

Merchant Transmission

Mergers, Market Power and Anti-Trust

National Energy Policy

Natural Gas

Nuclear Power

PEV (Plug-in Electric Vehicles)

Public Power

Regional Transmission Organizations

Regulation, Governance and Judicial Review


Renewable Energy

Research and Development

Resource Adequacy

Retail Pricing

Scarcity Pricing


Smart Grid

Standard Market Design and Demand-Side Activities

State and Regional Activities


Stranded Benefits (Including Public Policy, Environment, DSM, IRP)

Stranded Investments, Assets, Costs (Including the Nuclear Question)

Transmission Cost Allocation

Technology Incentives

Transmission Investment

Transmission Planning

Wholesale and Retail Competition

Miscellaneous (Including Electricity Futures, Economic Principles, Financial Reform)