Homeland Defense Report Issued by Kennedy School Researcher

Contact: Doug Gavel
Phone: 617-495-1115
Date: June 26, 2002

CAMBRIDGE, MA – A new report authored by Kennedy School of Government lecturer Elaine C. Kamarck recommends a series of specific reform measures and approaches – utilizing both government and non-government actors – in response to the looming threat of global terrorism. The report, titled “Applying 21st Century Government to the Challenge of Homeland Security,” was supported by a grant from The PricewaterhouseCoopers Endowment for the Business of Government.
Calling homeland defense “a problem that knows no borders and that crosses every aspect of society and every part of government” Kamarck’s report concludes that in addition to the creation of a single agency to coordinate homeland defense strategy, a multi-faceted approach to tackling the problem is necessary.
Among the report’s recommendations:
· Create a National Terrorism Intelligence Center within the FBI to fuse intelligence gathering capabilities of national security agencies with investigative resources of law enforcement;
· Increase protection at the borders with the establishment of a Border Patrol Agency, combining the resources of the U.S. Customs Service with those of the INS and other agencies;
· Provide market incentives for the development of vaccines or drug treatments that could be utilized in response to bio-terror attacks;
· Establish guidelines which allow for the use of “racial profiling” by law enforcement to isolate potential terrorist suspects;
· Develop protocols allowing law enforcement access to data contained in the vast databases of the private sector to protect the nation from terrorists;
· Grant consular officials access to international crime and terrorist databases;
· Deputize state and local officials so they can arrest illegal aliens;
· Grant FEMA additional resources and allow it to act as the lead agency for preparing and coordinating federal, state, and local government response to terrorist events;
· Require all medium-to-large size American cities to develop an “all hazard” approach to emergency response.
Kamarck teaches Twenty-first Century Government and Public Management Reform at the Kennedy School. She previously served as senior policy advisor to Vice-President Gore at the White House, where she also created and managed the Reinventing Government project undertaken by the Clinton Administration.
Through grants for Research and Thought Leadership Forums, The PricewaterhouseCoopers Endowment for the Business of Government stimulates research and facilitates discussion on new approaches to improving the effectiveness of government and the federal, state, and local levels.
Kamarck’s report is accessible via the World Wide Web at: http://endowment.pwcglobal.com/pdfs/KamarckReport.pdf

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