AIDS Public Policy Training Project - CHINA
Faced with a growing national epidemic, high-level Chinese officials have strengthened the national policy response in recent years. An effective national AIDS response requires the participation and collaboration of a wide range of governmental and non-governmental agencies in developing prevention, treatment and impact mitigation programs and policies. While there has been a concerted effort to systematically engage such policy makers in implementing effective multi-sectoral AIDS programs through establishment of a State Council Working Group on AIDS and comparable provincial level bodies, additional efforts are needed to strengthen local leaders’ understanding about effective multi sectoral response. The China AIDS Public Policy Training Project provides such in-depth training on international best practices for rights-based, multi sectoral collaboration on AIDS designed for the different and specific epidemic challenges facing different Chinese locales.
Description of the China Project
The China AIDS Public Policy Training Project (click here for brochure in pdf) is a joint initiative between Tsinghua University’s School of Public Policy and Management and Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. The goal of the training course is to develop the capacity of Chinese institutions, both government and civil society to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The curriculum, developed jointly by Harvard-affiliated faculty and a Chinese faculty comprised of leading AIDS experts, has been training political leaders in China about the determinants and potential impacts of AIDS and about successful strategies for an effective multi sectoral response including the contributions of NGOs, civil society and the private sector in responses world wide. The training program was launched in Beijing in January 2004 and has been held six more times for provincial, municipal, and county leaders, and for Chinese AIDS NGO leaders. The first training course at Tsinghua University involved 30 trainees from the key national institutions which participate in the State Council Working Group on AIDS and who are crucial for a multi sectoral national response: the Central Party School, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Public Security, the National Population and Family Planning Commission, All China Youth Federation, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Information, State Commission for Ethnic Minorities, Poverty Alleviation Bureau, Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Agriculture. The subsequent training sessions trained provincial, prefectural, and county governors and multi sectoral government officials in several regions most seriously affected by HIV/AIDS in China: Fuyang County in Anhui Province, 2005, focusing on best practices for treatment and care, including orphan care), Yunnan Province, and Sichuan Province in 2005, (focusing on best practices for HIV prevention to address the transition of the epidemic to a sexually transmitted one), and in Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province (2006), a booming city in China’s Pearl River Delta, where the course focused on HIV prevention for sex workers, men who have sex with men, and migrants as well as the importance of engaging businesses in the AIDS response. The most recent course (2006) in Beijing, brought together government and AIDS NGO leaders to build greater capacity and political space for Chinese AIDS NGOs to contribute to China’s AIDS response. These national and local courses have contributed to significant positive developments in China’s AIDS policy response.
Curriculum Content and Faculty Teams
The Faculty convened by Tsinghua University includes well known Chinese AIDS experts from Academia, government, and the NGO sector. The Boston and Chinese faculty teams have developed a training program for Chinese government and NGO leaders working in the sectors of health, public security, civil affairs, education, justice, commerce and trade, finance, planning and investment and foreign affairs. The course presents AIDS as a development issue requiring coordinated, evidence-based policy action and budget allocation. The curriculum covers economic, social and rights perspectives; the determinants and potential impacts of AIDS; international and Chinese best practices in prevention, treatment, and impact mitigation; and successful strategies for an effective multi-sectoral response, including practical strategies for improving governance and leadership for inter-sectoral and multi-level collaboration. The course combines lectures, teaching cases, group discussions and field visits to maximize policy makers’ exposure to the most current HIV/AIDS issues. Strategic planning exercises at the end of the training are designed to contextualize the participants’ development of multi-sectoral AIDS response plans at both national and local levels. (Click here for detialed course information)