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PEOPLE: ASSOCIATE SCHOLARS

Michael Greenstone
Harvard Environmental Economics Program Associate Scholar
3M Professor of Environmental Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research

Michael Greenstone's work is focused on understanding the complex relationship between human welfare and the environment. He studies a variety of topics, including the economic impacts of climate change, the costs and benefits of air quality, the returns to clean-ups of hazardous waste sites, and the role of environmental quality in fostering growth in developing countries. His research aims to bring rigorous economic analysis to bear on the design of public policies that govern the environment.

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Christopher Knittel
Harvard Environmental Economics Program Associate Scholar
William Barton Rogers Professor of Energy Economics,
Co-Director of the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research

Christopher Knittel's research focuses on understanding how consumers and firms respond to changes in energy prices and energy-related policies, and to use these findings to inform us on the costs and benefits of environmental polices. His research has focused on a variety of topics related to transportation and electricity markets, and has relied on empirical, simulation, and theoretical techniques. He received his B.A. in economics and political science from the California State University, Stanislaus in 1994, an M.A. in economics from UC Davis in 1996, and a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley in 1999.

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Gilbert Metcalf
Harvard Environmental Economics Program Associate Scholar
Professor of Economics, Tufts University
Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research

Gilbert (Gib) Metcalf's research focuses on policy evaluation and design in the areas of taxation, energy, and climate change. During 2011 and 2012, Metcalf served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environment and Energy at the U.S. Department of Treasury. In that position he led the U.S. oversight of multilateral environmental finance mechanisms and served as the first U.S. Board member for the Green Climate Fund, a multilateral climate finance fund established at the UNFCCC climate change negotiations in Durban South Africa (COP-17). Metcalf has frequently testified before Congress and served on expert panels, including a 2010 National Academies of Sciences panel measuring the social cost of energy production and consumption. He holds a PhD in economics from Harvard University, a Masters degree in agricultural and resource economics from the University of Massachusetts, and a BA in mathematics from Amherst College.

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Robert 
Pindyck
Harvard Environmental Economics Program Associate Scholar
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi Professor of Economics and Finance
Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research

Robert S. Pindyck is the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi Professor of Economics and Finance in the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is also a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and a Fellow of the Econometric Society, and he has been a Visiting Professor at Tel Aviv University, Harvard University, and Columbia University. Professor Pindyck's research and writing have covered topics in microeconomics and industrial organization, the behavior of resource and commodity markets, financial markets, capital investment decisions, and econometric modeling. His recent work in economics and finance has examined the determinants of market structure and market power, the dynamics of commodity spot and futures markets, criteria for investing in risky projects, the economics of R&D and the value of patents, environmental policy, and the economic and policy implications of global catastrophic events. He has been Co-Editor of The Review of Economics and Statistics.

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Richard Schmalensee
Harvard Environmental Economics Program Associate Scholar
Howard W. Johnson Professor of Economics and Management Emeritus
Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research

Richard Schmalensee is the Howard W. Johnson Professor of Economics and Management Emeritus at MIT and former Director of the MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research. He served as the John C Head III Dean of the MIT Sloan School of Management from 1998 through 2007. He was the Member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers with primary responsibility for energy and environmental policy from 1989 through 1991. Professor Schmalensee's research has focused on industrial organization economics and its applications to energy, environmental, antitrust, and regulatory policy. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and has served as a member of the National Commission on Energy Policy, the Executive Committee of the American Economic Association, the EPA's Environmental Economics Advisory Committee, and the National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee.

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Michael Greenstone
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