John Ruggie  


Business and Human Rights

Bio and CV

    Articles and chapters




Articles and Chapters

"Collective Goods and Future International Collaboration," American Political Science Review, 66 (September 1972);

"The Structure of International Organization: Contingency, Complexity and Postmodern Form," Papers, Peace Research Society (International), 18 (1972);

"International Technology and International Action" (with Ernst B. Haas), in Eugene B. Skolnikoff, ed., Priority Research on Technology-Related Transnational and Global Policy Problems (Cambridge, Mass.: Center for International Studies, MIT, 1973);

"Contingencies, Constraints, and Collective Security: Perspectives on UN Involvement in International Disputes," International Organization, 28 (Summer 1974);

"Complexity, Planning and Public Order," in Todd R. LaPorte, ed., Organized Social Complexity (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975);

"International Responses to Technology: Concepts and Trends," International Organization, 29 (Summer 1975); also in Sheila Jasanoff, ed., Comparative Science and Technology Policy (Cheltenham, U. K.: Edward Elgar, 1997);

"On the Creation of a New International Economic Order: Issue-Linkage and the Seventh Special Session of the UN General Assembly" (with Branislav Gosovic), International Organization, 30 (Spring 1976);

"The 'New International Economic Order': Origins and Evolution of the Concept" (with Branislav Gosovic), International Social Science Journal, 28 (Autumn 1976);

"Changing Frameworks of International Collective Behavior: On the Complementarity of Contradictory Tendencies," in Nazli Choucri and Thomas Robinson, eds., Forecasting in International Relations
     (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1978);

"On the Problem of 'The Global Problematique': What Roles for International Organizations?" Alternatives, 5 (January 1980); also in Richard A. Falk, Samuel S. Kim and Saul H. Mendlovitz, eds., The United Nations and a Just World Order (Boulder: Westview, 1991);

"Information Exchange and International Change: The Case of INFOTERRA" (with Ernst B. Haas), International Relations (London), 7 (May 1981);

"International Regimes, Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Economic Order," International Organization, 36 (Spring 1982); also in Stephen D. Krasner, ed., International Regimes (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1983); Oran R. Young, ed., The International Political Economy and International Institutions, vol. 2 (Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar, 1996); Charles Lipson and Benjamin J. Cohen, eds., Theory and Structure in International Political Economy (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999); Benjamin J. Cohen, ed., International Political Economy (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, forthcoming);

"What Message in the Medium of Information Systems?" (with Ernst B. Haas), International Studies Quarterly, 26 (June 1982);

"Continuity and Transformation in the World Polity: Toward a Neorealist Synthesis," World Politics, 35 (January 1983); also in Robert O. Keohane, ed., Neorealism and its Critics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986);

"International Interdependence and National Welfare," in Ruggie, ed., The Antinomies of Interdependence;

"Political Structure and Change in the International Economic Order: The North-South Dimension," in Ruggie, ed., The Antinomies of Interdependence;

"Human Rights and the Future International Community," Daedalus, 112 (Fall 1983);

"Another Round, Another Requiem? Prospects for the Global Negotiations," in Bhagwati and Ruggie, eds., Power, Passions, and Purpose;

"Social Time and International Policy: Conceptualizing Global Population and Resource Issues," in Margaret P. Karns, ed., Persistent Patterns and Emergent Structures in a Waning Century (New York: Praeger, 1986);

"International Organization: A State of the Art on an Art of the State" (with Friedrich Kratochwil), International Organization, 40 (Autumn 1986); also in Paul F. Diehl, ed., The Politics of International Organizations: Patterns and Insights (Chicago: Dorsey Press, 1989); in Friedrich Kratochwil and Edward D. Mansfield, eds., International Organization: A Reader (New York: Harper Collins, 1994); in Oran R. Young, ed., The International Political Economy and International Institutions, vol. 1 (Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar, 1996); in Paul F. Diel, ed., The Politics of Global Governance: International Organizations in an Interdependent World (Boulder, CO: Lynn Rienner, 1996); and in Andrew Linklater, ed., International Relations: Critical Perspectives, vol. 2 (London: Routledge, 2000);

"The North American Political Economy in the Global Context: An Analytical Framework" (with David Leyton‑Brown), International Journal, 42 (Winter 1986/87);

"International Structure and International Transformation: Space, Time and Method," in James N. Rosenau and Ernst-Otto Czempiel, eds., Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1989);

"Embedded Liberalism Revisited: Institutions and Progress in International Economic Relations," in Emanuel Adler and Beverly Crawford, eds., Progress in Postwar International Relations (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991);

“Multilateralism: The Anatomy of an Institution,” International Organization, 46 (Summer 1992); also    in Ruggie, Multilateralism Matters; and in Friedrich Kratochwil and Edward D. Mansfield, eds., International Organization: A Reader (New York: Harper Collins, 1994);

"Unravelling Trade: Global Institutional Change and the Pacific Economy," in Richard Higgott, Richard Leaver and John Ravenhill, eds., Pacific Economic Relations in the 1990s: Cooperation or Conflict? (Sydney, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 1993; Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1993);

“Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations,” International Organization, 46 (Winter 1993); also in Richard Higgott and Anthony Payne, eds., The New Political Economy of Globalisation (London: Edward Elgar, 2000); Andrew Linklater, International Relations: Critical Perspectives, vol. 4 (London: Routledge: 2000); excerpted in Bernard E. Brown, ed., Comparative Politics: Notes and Readings, 10th Ed., (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 2005 forthcoming);

"Third Try at World Order? America and Multilateralism After the Cold War," Political Science Quarterly, 109 (Fall 1994); also in Demetrios James Caraley and Bonnie B. Hartman, eds., American Leadership, Ethnic Conflict and the New World Politics (New York: Academy of Political Science, 1997);

"The False Premise of Realism," International Security, 20 (Summer 1995); also in Michael E. Brown, et al, eds., Theories of War and Peace (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998);

"At Home Abroad, Abroad At Home: International Liberalization and Domestic Stability in the New World Economy," Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 24 (Winter 1995); longer monograph published as Jean Monnet Chair Papers, 20 (Florence: European University Institute, 1995); excerpted as "Trade, Protectionism and the Future of Welfare Capitalism," Journal of International Affairs, 48 (Summer 1994); also in Richard Higgott and Anthony Payne, eds., The New Political Economy of Globalisation (London: Edward Elgar, 2000); and in Eivind Hovden and Edward Keene, eds., Globalisation of Liberalism (London: Palgrave, 2001);

"Peace in Our Time? Causality, Social Facts, and Narrative Knowing," American Society of International Law, Proceedings, 89th Annual Meeting (1995);

"The Past as Prologue? Interests, Identity, and American Foreign Policy," International Security, 21 (Spring 1997); also in Michael E. Brown, et al, eds., America’s Strategic Choices (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997);

"Globalization and the Embedded Liberalism Compromise: The End of an Era?" in Wolfgang Streeck, ed., Internationale Wirtschaft, Nationale Demokratie (Frankfurt: Campus Verlag, 1998); German translation in Jahrbuch Arbeit & Technik (Bonn: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 1997);

“What Makes the World Hang Together? Neo-utilitarianism and the Social Constructivist Challenge,” International Organization, 52 (Autumn 1998); also in Peter J. Katzenstein, Robert O. Keohane, and Stephen D. Krasner, eds., Exploration and Contestation in the Study of World Politics (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999); excerpted in Karen Mingst and Jack Snyder, eds., Essential Readings in World Politics (New York: Norton, 2001); also in Harold Hongju Koh and Oona A. Hathaway, Foundations of International Law and Politics (Foundation Press, forthcoming);

“Global Markets and Social Legitimacy: The Case of the Global Compact” (with Georg Kell), Transnational Corporations, 8 (December 1999); also in Daniel Drache, ed., The Market or the Public Domain? Global Governance and the Asymmetry of Power (London: Routledge, 2001);

“The Theory and Practice of Learning Networks: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact,” Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 5 (Spring 2002); excerpted as “ The Global Compact as Learning Network,” Global Governance, 7 (October-December 2001); also in Malcolm McIntosh, ed., Learning to Talk: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact (Greenleaf, 2004);

“Taking Embedded Liberalism Global: The Corporate Connection,” in David Held and Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, eds., Taming Globalization: Frontiers of Governance (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2003);

“The United Nations and Globalization: Patterns and Limits of Institutional Adaptation,” Global Governance, 9 (Summer 2003);

 “Reconstituting the Global Public Domain: Issues, Actors and Practices,” European Journal of International Relations, 10 (December 2004);

“Transformations in World Politics: The Intellectual Contributions of Ernst B. Haas” (with Peter J. Katzenstein, Robert O. Keohane and Philippe C. Schmitter), in Annual Review of Political Science, 8 (2005);

“American Exceptionalism, Exemptionalism and Global Governance,” in Michael Ignatieff, ed.,     American Exceptionalism and Human Rights (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005 forthcoming);

“Global Markets and Global Governance: The Prospects for Convergence,” in Stephen Bernstein and  Louis W. Pauly, eds., Global Governance: Towards a New Grand Compromise? (Albany: State University Press of New York, 2005, forthcoming).

“Foreword” to Norman Myers and Julian Simon, Scarcity or Abundance? A Debate on the Environment (New York: W.W. Norton, 1994).

Current Developments,"Business and Human Rights: The Evolving International Agenda" American Journal of Internation Law, 101 (October 2007).

Major Editorial Responsibilities

Editorial Boards: International Organization, 1976-1981; 1983-1988; 1990-1995; 2002-present; Chair, 1991-1993; World Politics, 1986-1989; Global Governance, 1994-present; Economics & Politics. 1987-1989;

International Advisory Board, European Journal of International Relations, 1994-1998;

General Editor, New Directions in World Politics (formerly The Political Economy of International Change), Columbia University Press series, 1982-1996; 31 books published.

Policy Analyses

"Environmental and Resource Interdependencies: Reorganizing for the Evolution of International Regimes" (with Ernst B. Haas), in Report of the Commission on the Organization of Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975);

"The North-South Dialogue: Problems and Prospects of Developing Nations," Millennium: Journal of International Studies, Special Edition (Autumn 1978);

"The Politics of Money," Foreign Policy, 43 (Summer 1981);

"A Political Commentary on Cancun," Third World Quarterly, 4 (July 1982);

"The United States and the United Nations: Toward a New Realism," International Organization, 39 (Spring 1985); also in Paul F. Diehl, ed., The Politics of International Organizations: Patterns and Insights (Chicago: Dorsey Press, 1989); and in Peter A. Toma and Robert F. Gorman, eds., International Relations: A Primer on Understanding Global Issues (Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1991);

"Wandering in the Void: Charting the U.N.'s New Strategic Role," Foreign Affairs, 72 (November/ December 1993); also in William H. Lewis, ed., Peacekeeping: The Way Ahead? (Washington, D.C.: National Defense University, McNair Paper # 25, 1993); in Foreign Affairs Agenda 1994: Critical Issues in Foreign Policy (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1994); and in Charles W. Kegley, Jr., and Eugene R. Wittkopf, eds., The Global Agenda: Issues and Perspectives (New York: McGraw Hill, 1995); Japanese translation in Chuo Koron  (February 1994);

"Peacekeeping and U.S. Interests," Washington Quarterly, 17 (Autumn 1994); also in Brad Roberts, ed., Order and Disorder after the Cold War (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995);

"The United Nations and the Collective Use of Force: Whither -- Or Whether?" International Peacekeeping, 3 (Winter 1996/7); also in Michael Pugh, ed., The UN, Peace and Force (London: Cass, 1997); also published as occasional paper by the United Nations Association of the United States of America (New York: UNA-USA, 1996);

"Consolidating the European Pillar: The Key to NATO's Future," Washington Quarterly, 20 (Winter 1997); also in Quaderni Forum [Florence], 9 (No. 4, 1996);

“Globalization, the Global Compact and Corporate Social Responsibility,” Transnational Associations. 52 (No. 6, 2000);

“Weaving the Global Compact: Sustaining the Single Global Economic Space,” UN Chronicle, 37 (September 2000);

“The UN: Bush’s Newest Ally?” The Nation, December 31, 2001;

“Trade, Sustainability and Global Governance,” Columbia Journal of Environmental Law, 27 (No. 2, 2002);

“The United States, the United Nations and the Transatlantic Rift,” Annual Lecture of the Transatlantic Programme (Florence: European University Institute, 2003);

“Breaking the Loving Embrace: African Solutions for African Problems,” in Africa Economic Summit 2003: Harnessing the Power of Partnership (Geneva: World Economic Forum, 2003);

“This Crisis of Multilateralism is Different,” The InterDependent, October 2003;

“Marriages of Convenience – But Marriages Nonetheless,” in Susan Stern and Elisabeth Seligman, eds., The Partnership Principle: New Forms of Governance in the 21st Century (London: Archetype, 2004);

“Allegations of Corruption in the U.N. Oil-for-Food Program: How Could this Have Happened?” UNA-USA Policy Brief, No. 3 (June 2004);

“How to Marry Civic Politics and Private Governance,” in The Impact of Corporations on Global Governance: A Report of the Empire and Democracy Project (New York: Center on International Cooperation, NYU, and Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, 2004);