Ethiopia

The Federal Ministry of Justice (MOJ) in Ethiopia has been working with the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management's (PCJ) team since January 2012 to strengthen the capacity of the prosecution service to align measures of the performance of individual prosecutors with indicators for the strategic goals in the justice system. Currently the MOJ uses a fleet of indicators to monitor the results of complex operations such as the review of the outcomes of police investigations. The planning department reliably generates multiple measures each month, reporting on rates of dismissal, conviction, mediation, and such. But the heads of local prosecution offices want to explore new ways to balance the pressures to quickly conclude cases, ensure accountability for offenders, mediate conflicts where possible, and insist on legality in police conduct. The Ministry’s leadership wants to encourage uniformity in the outcomes, but without discouraging discretion and other efforts to resolve conflicts in ways that are responsive to the needs of different neighborhoods and communities.

The Ethiopian Federal Police (EFP) is working with the Harvard program to convert the results of research on the introduction of a pilot program on “community policing” into a set of indicators that police leaders around the country might use when introducing reforms over the next few years. To guide and assess the results of the pilot project, the Research Institute of the EFP designed a survey of the population in four districts in Addis Ababa, asking questions about perceptions of the police, experiences of crime and other social problems, and also resident’s sense of safety. The Harvard team is working with the Research Institute to analyze the results, comparing them with other available information and past surveys. The EFP hopes this can contribute to learning about forms of community policing across the many regions of country, as well as deepening the capacity of the Research Institute to continue to innovate in response to crime and changing public needs in safety and security.

At our October 2012 workshop on indicators at Harvard, we hosted a representative from the Justice and Legal Systems Research Institute as well as a representative of the Institute of Peace and Security Studies at the University of Addis Ababa. We value their experience interacting with government, and experience designing research and empirical baselines that could form the basis for indicator development by criminal justice agencies. Papers from this workshop such as, Where is the Power in Community Policing?, can be found on our Publications and Presentations page.

Members of the Harvard team also conducted a Workshop on Measuring Community Policing in Ethiopia at the invitation of the Ethiopian Federal Police. The Workshop was held in Addis Ababa in late May, 2013.

Our Work in Ethiopia

Zinzi Bailey, PCJ Research Assistant with Research Institute Team in Ethiopia

Zinzi Bailey, PCJ Research Assistant with the Research Institute team at the Ethiopian Federal Police, working on SPSS to manage a community perception survey

Photo: Mila Cerecina, PCJ Program Fellow

In the Field

Debating the theory of community policing at the Workshop on Measuring Community Policing

Debating the theory of community policing at the Workshop on Measuring Community Policing in May, 2013 in Addis Ababa

Photo: Mila Cerecina, PCJ Program Fellow