Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey
Community Highlights for Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (OH)

Sponsor:
Cleveland Foundation

Media Contact:
Steven A. Minter
President and Executive Director
sminter@clevefdn.org 
or        
Richard Batyko
Vice President for Communications
or
Pamela George
Program Officer

Phone:
(216) 861 -3810  

Address:      
The Cleveland Foundation
1422 Euclid Avenue, Suite 1400
Cleveland, OH 44102
www.clevelandfoundation.org

Sample size:
1,100

Survey Area:
Cleveland and Cuyahoga County, Ohio

Community Description:
Urban/suburban

Population:
1,373,832

1999 Claritas UPDATE, Claritas, Inc., Arlington, VA

Ethnicity:
White (Non-Hispanic) 68.1%
Black (Non-Hispanic) 27.2%
Asian (Non-Hispanic) 1.7%
Hispanic 2.8%
Other (Non-Hispanic) 0.2%

1999 Claritas UPDATE, Claritas, Inc., Arlington, VA

Age:
18-34 : 21.4%
35-49 : 22.7%
50-64 : 15.5%
65+    : 16.0 %

1999 Claritas UPDATE, Claritas, Inc., Arlington, VA

Additional Information:

Perhaps the most important demographic factor in terms of understanding social capital in Cuyahoga County is the overall trend of population loss since 1950.  While the population of Cuyahoga County declined by just 2.9% between 1990 and 1999, this represents a much slower rate of population decline than the previous two decades (1980-1989: -5.4% growth; 1970-1979: -12.0% growth; U.S. Census Bureau).  Much of this population loss is due to out-migration from the central city of Cleveland, which has shrunk from a peak population of 914,808 residents in 1950 to a current population of approximately a half million.  A second, related demographic factor is the high degree of black residential segregation.  The Cleveland metropolitan area was considered “hypersegrated” in 1980 on all five dimensions of black segregation examined by Massey and Denton (1989) and remains among the most racially segregated urban areas in the U.S.  

Sources:

Population Estimates Program, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC

Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton, “Hypersegration in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segration Along Five Dimensions,” Demography 26 (1989):378-79.           

Why did you choose the particular survey area?

The Cleveland Foundation selected Cuyahoga County as its survey area because the Foundation wanted to measure the level of civic engagement among the individuals residing in its service area.  The Cleveland Foundation’s mission is to enhance the quality of life for all citizens of Greater Cleveland.