Capital Community Benchmark Survey
Highlights for York County, PA
20 West Market Street,
York, PA 17401
York County (PA)
Is your survey
area urban, suburban, rural?
All of the above
18 – 24
25 - 44 118,298
45 – 64 86,872
York County, which
celebrated its 250th anniversary last year, has a long and
proud history. It was the first county in Pennsylvania established west
of the Susquehanna River. The German and Scotch-Irish traditions of its
early settlers are still embraced by many York Countians, who have been
described as “frugal, helpful and trustworthy.”
The county covers
911 square miles and is home to 375,000 people. Its urban center covers
five square miles. Beyond the city and metro area, the landscape is one
of farmlands and country villages which still embody small town America.
York County’s healthy
economy and its attractiveness as an environment in which to live and
work and raise a family has made it one of the fastest growing areas in
Pennsylvania. With this population growth has also come urban sprawl.
York County lost 40% of its farmland since 1960.
With a diversified
manufacturing base which employs 30% of the labor force, York County ranks
highest in the state in the number of people in manufacturing jobs. At
the same time, however, the shift of York County’s labor force to jobs
outside York County has been significant in the past several decades.
Now almost one out of four local workers commutes to jobs outside the
Over 60% of York County
students continue their education beyond high school. Fourteen percent
of adult workers are college graduates.
York County residents
have a strong commitment to small scale government, with 72 independent
municipal and township governments and 16 school systems. The challenges
this presents were the focus of a community study several years ago by
urban expert David Rusk.
The study points out the need to work more cooperatively to address problems
of urban sprawl and their impact on racial and economic segregation.
York County is a generous
and caring community. Its charitable and service organizations have a
strong base of committed volunteers and supporters. It has a strong faith
community, with over 500 worshiping bodies within the county.