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We have created a list of related and readings which is available either as a direct link or a downloadable PDF document. Please note that while we have tried to maintain the links to most of these readings, some of the links might not work.

Note: this is only a description of some of the issues and ideas considered. For our official set of recommendations, see our BetterTogether report.

Putnam, Robert. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. Simon and Schuster: New York, NY, 2000. [especially chapters 14 and 17]


Astin, Alexander. “College Entrants: Important Life Goals” from The American Freshman Surveys. University of California at Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute, 1966-1995.

Annie E. Casey Foundation. Kids Count USA Profile, Baltimore, MD: 1997.

Monitoring the Future. National Substance Abuse Surveys. “Activities of High Schoolers” University of Michigan 1975-1995.
______ “Frequency of Participating in Community Affairs or Volunteer
Work Among High School Seniors 1975-1995.” University of Michigan. For more information on Monitoring the Future:

National Commission on Civic Renewal. Summary Document. College Park, MD. (July 9, 1997): see especially pp. 17. For more information on the National Commission on Civic Renewal, call 301-405-2790.

National Election Studies. "Off-Year Turnout: 1958-1994" Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies [producer and distributor], 1995-1998.
______"Presidential Turnout: 1952-1996." Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies [producer and distributor], 1995-1998.

Public Agenda. Kids These Days: What America Really Think About the Next Generation. (1997): 7, 21-28, 35. (

National Center for Health Statistics. Federal Inter-Agency Forum on Child & Family Statistics. “America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being.” Hyattsville, Maryland: July 1997.

U.S. Dept of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88). “Community Service Performed by High School Seniors.” (October 1995). Government Document NCES 95-743. For more informations, call: 202-219-1777.

U.S. Dept of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88). Trends Among High School Seniors, 1972-1992.” (1995): 31-32.

Youniss, James, Jeffrey A. McLellan, and Miranda Yates. “What We Know About Engendering Civic Identity.” American Behavioral Scientist 40, 5 (March/April 1997): 620-631.


Bryk, Anthony, Lee and Holland. Catholic School & the Common Good. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993, see especially pp. 6-11, 126-139, 274-285.

City on a Hill Annual Report 1996-1997, City on a Hill School, Boston, MA.

Darlington, Joy. “Let Students Teach Students, Say Advocates of Simple But Effective School Reform.” American News Service. Brattleboro, VT. February 9, 1996.

Meier, Deborah. The Power of Their Ideas. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995. see especially pp 28-37, 47-63.

Wood, George H. Schools that Work: Americas Most Innovative Public Education Programs. NY: Dutton, 1992. see especially pp. 51-66.

Non-School Organized Activity

American Youth Policy Forum, “Some Things Do Make a Difference for Youth: A Compendium of Youth Programs and Practices.” see especially pp. 117-119. Washington, DC.

Boyte, Harry and Nancy Kari. “A Commonwealth of Freedom.” Policy Review 86 (Nov/Dec 1997). Also available at:

Cahill, Michele. “Youth Development and Community Development: Promises and Challenges or Convergence.” Youth Development Institute, Fund for the City of New York. 1997.

Clampitt, Robert and Stephen Silha. “A Voice and the Courage to use it: 20 Years of Children’s Express.” Media Studies Journal (Fall 1994).

Wynn, Joan R. “Bike Shops, Tumbling Teams, and Other Primary Supports: Opportunities for Learning and Civic Life.” University of Chicago. Unpublished manuscript, May 1996.

Enabling Conditions

Anderson, Elijah. “Old Heads as a Form of Social Capital: 1966-1996.” (unpublished manuscript). University of Pennsylvania, 1994.

Condry, John. “Thief of Time, Unfaithful Servant: Television and the American Child.” Daedalus (Winter 1993): 259-278..

DiIulio, John. “Bring Back Shotgun Weddings.” The Weekly Standard (October 21, 1996): 15-17.

Horn, Wade F. “Government Can’t Buy You Love” Policy Review (Spring 1993): 72-77.

Katz, Jon. “The Media’s War on Kids.” Rolling Stone (November 25, 1993) 47-49, 150.

Zoglin, Richard. “The Tuned-Out Generation: A New survey reveals that Young People are Ignoring the News.” Time (July 9, 1990): 64.

Additional Sources

Akerlof, George and Janet Yellen. “Why Kids Have Kids.” Slate (Nov. 15, 1996).

Dewar, Tom. “El Puente Academy for Peace and Justice: A Case Study of Building Social Capital.” Rainbow Research (1994) Minneapolis, MN; For more inforamtion, call 612-824-0724.

Dionne, E. J. et al. (Editors). United We Serve: National Service and the Future of Citizenship. (Brookings Institution Press, 2003)

Gonzalez, David. “Going Ahead, Grounded in Reality.” New York Times, June 28, 1997: pp. 23.

Hulbert, Ann. “So’s Your Old Man: The Problem with Teen Bashing Today.” Slate (Nov. 4, 1996).

Kakutani, Michiko. “Adolescence Rules!” New York Times Sunday Magazine (May 11, 1997): 22.

Lightfoot, Sara Lawrence. The Good High School: Portraits of Character and Culture. NY: Basic Books, 1985.

Schorr, Lisbeth. Common Purpose: Strengthening Families and Neighborhoods to Rebuild America. NY: Doubleday, 1997. see especially pp. 244-292

Wasley, Patricia, Robert Hampel and Richard Clark. Kids and School Reform. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997.

Wilson, William Julius. “When Work Disappears: The New Challenge Facing Families and Children in America’s Inner Cities.” Address to Annual Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, April 4, 1997, Washington, D.C.

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