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Esko Aho has enjoyed a distinguished career in the private sector and government service. Since 2008, he has led Nokia's government and public affairs function, overseeing the company's global policies and activities regarding sustainable development and social responsibility. He has been a member of the Nokia Leadership Team since 2009, stepping down from that role on August 31, 2012. He was prime minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995. He was elected to Parliament in 1983 and served on several key committees. He also served on the Nordic Council and the Finnish Delegation to the Council of Europe, is a former vice chairman of Liberal International, and was President of the Finnish Innovation Fund, SITRA, from 2004 to 2008. Currently, he is a member of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) World Council and vice chair of ICC Finland, as well as a board member of the Technology Academy Finland. He also serves as a board member of Terveystalo and is vice chairman of the board of Technology Industries of Finland. He holds a master's in social science from the University of Helsinki. As a senior fellow, Aho is pursuing research on the changing role of the state in maintaining welfare and global competitiveness. His faculty sponsor is Steven Kelman, Albert J. Weatherhead III and Richard W. Weatherhead Professor of Public Management.
Richard J. Balzer has worked globally as an organizational consultant focused on leadership, strategy, and organizational change for over thirty years. He has served as a coach and advisor to chief executives and board chairmen. His clients have included British Petroleum, Standard Chartered Bank, Goldman Sachs, NBC, and the NBA. Balzer has also worked with a number of unions including the United Auto Workers, the United Steelworkers, the International Machinist Union, and the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers promoting joint labor-management efforts. A writer and photographer, he is the author of five books including Clockwork: Life In and Outside An American Factory, Next Door Down the Road and Around the Corner, and China Day By Day. He currently serves as the chairman of the Petra Foundation, an independent organization that identifies and awards grants to community-based leaders who work to address human rights and social justice issues throughout the United States. He is a graduate of Cornell University and Yale Law School. As a senior fellow, he is exploring the leadership skills required to steward major multi-nationals. His faculty sponsor is Max Bazerman, Jesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration.
Binta Niambi Brown
Justin Fox is editorial director of the Harvard Business Review Group and the author of The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street. He also writes a blog for hbr.org and is a contributor to Time magazine. Before joining HBR Group in 2010, he wrote a weekly column for Time and created the Curious Capitalist blog for Time.com. Previously, Fox spent more than a decade working as a writer and editor at Fortune magazine, where he covered economics, finance, and international business. As a senior fellow, he will conduct research for a new project on the art and science of prediction. His faculty sponsor is Richard Zeckhauser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy.
Eoin Gahan has long experience in international and national government policy for industry, technology, trade, and investment. Until 2013, he was Head of the Trade, Environment, and Survey Analysis Department in Forfás, which is the Irish government agency for enterprise policy. His trade policy work has included the preparation of economic cooperation programmes, trade, and investment strategy for high-growth markets, trade facilitation issues, the potential impact of trade agreements, European integration, and the implications of new technologies for economic activity. He has also led work on socio-economic scenarios for 2025, long-term energy strategy, and Next Generation Networks implications and requirements. Earlier, he was a co-founder and director of an international consultancy in regulatory reform, and has carried out assignments for international and national organizations in regulation and competitiveness policy, including the World Bank, OECD, UNIDO, and other bodies. Previously, in Forfás, he directed the research of the National Competitiveness Council and instituted the Annual Competitiveness Reports. He also led the Irish Government’s initiative to prepare the business sector for the changeover from the national currency to the euro. Until 1995 he was a senior official in UNIDO dealing with long-term development objectives, regional and national strategies for industrialisation, technology analysis, and economic forecasting, and was also Coordinator of the United Nations Industrial Development Decade for Africa. As a senior fellow, Gahan’s research will focus on the fragmentation and complexity of trade negotiations and the additional challenges generated for trade policy. His faculty sponsor is Robert Z. Lawrence, Albert L. Williams Professor of International Trade and Investment.
Thomas Healey is a Partner at Healey Development LLC. He recently co-edited a book on the financial crisis based on papers presented at an M-RCBG conference. He was formerly adjunct lecturer at the Kennedy School, where he taught the course in Financial Institutions and Markets. He joined Goldman, Sachs & Co. in 1985 to create the Real Estate Capital Markets Group, and founded the Pension Services Group in 1990. He became a Partner in 1988, a Managing Director in 1996, and remains a Senior Director of Goldman Sachs. Prior to joining Goldman Sachs, Healey served as Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury for Domestic Finance under President Ronald Reagan. Before joining the U.S. Treasury, he spent eight years at Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., where he was head of the Corporate Finance Department. Healey has served on the U.S. Department of Labor's ERISA Advisory Council, and was a Presidentially-appointed Director of the Securities Industry Protection Corporation. He is Chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation Investment Committee and is actively involved with other charitable institutions. Healey graduated from Georgetown University in 1964 and Harvard Business School in 1966. His research explores issues related to financial regulation. His faculty sponsor is Roger Porter, IBM Professor of Business and Government.
Vikram Mansharamani is a Lecturer at Yale University where he teaches the seminar “Financial Booms & Busts” to Yale College undergraduates and co-teaches “Adventures in Business Ethics" to business school and undergraduate students. He is also the author of BOOMBUSTOLOGY: Spotting Financial Bubbles before They Burst and is a regular commentator in the financial and business media. He has been an active participant in the financial markets for the last 20 years, during which time he has held positions in management consulting, investment banking, and asset management. He currently serves as chairman of the Torit Language Center Montessori school and is a member of the Board of Governors of the Association of Yale Alumni. He earned a PhD and MS from the Sloan School of Management at MIT, an MS in Political Science (Security Studies) from MIT, and a BA from Yale University, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and graduated with distinction. As a senior fellow, he will conduct research for a project on the relative abilities of generalists and specialists to navigate uncertainty. His faculty sponsor is Richard Zeckahuser, Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy.
Karen Gordon Mills
James Segel recently returned from serving for four years as Special Counsel to Congressman Barney Frank, then Chairman of the House Financial Services Committee (2007-2011). While there he was extensively involved in working on what became the Dodd-Frank Bill as well as the activities surrounding the financial crisis beginning in 2008. In addition, he worked extensively on banking, housing, insurance, municipal finance, and other issues within the jurisdiction of the House Committee on Financial Services. He served as the Chairman’s liaison to other Democratic members of the Committee; the entire Massachusetts Delegation; to Massachusetts governmental officials including the Governor’s office and the Mayors’ offices; and as liaison to national and Massachusetts businesses and advocacy groups. Segel began his professional career in the Massachusetts State Legislature as a State Representative from Brookline, served as chairman of Barney Frank’s first Campaign for Congress in 1980; and then served as the first Executive Director of the Massachusetts Municipal Association dealing with the response of cities and towns to Proposition 21/2 and other municipal finance, environmental, and labor issues. Following MMA, he served as of counsel at Hale and Dorr in Boston (now Wilmer Hale) for ten years and then as a partner at Smith Segel Ruddock. Segel returned to Smith Segel Ruddock after his service in Washington. He has served on a number of elected and appointed boards and commissions including gubernatorial appointments to the State Tax Reform Commission; the Commission on State Aid to Cities and Towns; Special Commission on Environmental Operations (the Tsongas Commission); the Commission on the Disposal of Low level Radioactive Waste; and the Chairman of the Mayor’s Commission on Healthcare which led to the merger of Boston City Hospital and University Hospital in Boston. In addition, Segel served as Secretary to the Coordinating Committee (the Vault ) representing leading businesses in Boston; President of Temple Israel in Boston; President of the Jewish Community Relations Council; Chairman of the Advisory Committee to WBUR; Treasurer of the Old North Church Foundation: and a fellow of the Massachusetts Historical Society. He graduated cum laude in government in 1967 from Harvard College; received his MPA from the Kennedy School at Harvard in 1976; and his JD from Boston College Law School in 1972. As a senior fellow, he will research the passage of TARP by the US Congress. His faculty sponsor is David King, Senior Lecturer in Public Policy.
Douglas H. Shulman
Douglas H. Shulman stepped down as the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in November 2012 after serving in that position since 2008. As head of the IRS, he led one of the largest financial institutions in the world with approximately 100,000 employees, over 200 million customers, a $12 billion budget, and over $2.5 trillion of annual transactions. During his tenure, the IRS played a major role in the nation’s economic recovery efforts by delivering about $300 billion—or 40% of the money of the Recovery Act—through the tax system. Shulman was intimately involved in the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, as most of the financial information and transactions resulting from the law flow through the tax system. In the face of increasing globalization, Shulman stepped up IRS activity on a variety of international tax issues, including a historic breakthrough in offshore tax evasion. He served as the Chair of the OECD FTA, the global body of his counterparts, from 2009-2012. Also under Shulman's direction, the IRS transformed its use of data analytics to drive improvements in its operations. He launched and completed a major modernization of IRS’s core technology, allowing the IRS to process tax returns on a daily cycle, rather than weekly batch cycle, resulting in faster refunds and better customer service for all 140 million individual taxpayers. He also focused on employee engagement and performance, and under his leadership the agency improved significantly in the government-wide Best Places to Work in Government survey. Shulman came to the IRS from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA, previously NASD), where he served as Vice Chairman and before that President of Markets, Services & Information. After joining NASD in 2000, he oversaw its stock market operations and led the multi-billion dollar sale of the NASDAQ Stock Market and the divestiture of the American Stock Exchange, directed NASD’s entry into the fixed income markets through the launch of TRACE (an industry-wide bond market reporting facility and service), played a lead role in acquiring new regulatory services and restructuring the company, modernized technology operations, and led entry into new business segments. Earlier in his career, he held a number of positions including working at the consulting firm AT Kearney, helping to co-found Teach for America, serving as Vice President of Darby Overseas Investments, and starting a technology and innovation focused advisory firm. He also served on a number of boards of directors, including the World Federation of Exchanges and the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp (DTCC). He holds a BA from Williams College, an MPA from Harvard Kennedy School, and a JD from Georgetown University Law Center. As a senior fellow, he will conduct research on data and analytics, with an emphasis on big data. He will also offer a study group and give guest lectures in areas of financial markets, health care reform, and technology innovation.
Richard J. Balzer
Binta Niami Brown