• Michael Porter
  • Christian Ketels


Clusters and Industrial Districts - Common Roots, Different Perspectives. Michael Porter, Christian Ketels, August 31, 2009, Book Chapter. "In 1990, two books appeared which addressed the role of locations in competitiveness and company performance. Industrial Districts and Inter-Firm Co-operation in Italy (Pyke, Becattini and Sengenberger 1990) discussed Giacomo Becattini’s notion of industrial districts (IDs), ‘socio-territorial entities characterized by the active presence of both a community of people and a population of firms in one naturally and historically bounded area [with] a dominant industrial activity’..." May require purchase or user account. Link