January 2020, Paper: "We document large variation in net-of-fee performance across public pension funds investing in the same private equity fund. In aggregate, these differences imply that the pensions in our sample would have earned $45 billion more – equivalent to $8.50 more per $100 invested – had they each received the best observed terms in the irrespective funds. There are also large pension-effects in the sense that some pensions systematically pay more fees than others when investing in the same fund. With better terms, the 95th percentile pension would have earned $14.91 more per $100 invested compared to $1.12 for the 5th percentile pension. Attributes like size, relationships, and governance account for a modest amount of the pension effects, meaning similar pensions consistently pay different fees."
Non-HKS Author Website - Emil Siriwardane