• Lakshmi Iyer


The Long Run Consequences of Colonial Institutions. Lakshmi Iyer, 2015, Book Chapter. "India is a land of disparities. Economic and human development outcomes vary considerably across the regions of India, In 2004, annual per capita in ranged from 32,000 rupees in the state of Haryana to 6,000 rupees in the state of Bihar. The 1991 census recorded 9 per cent of villages in Kerala as having a primary school, but only 39 per cent of villages in Bihar had one. Similarly, the percentage of villages supplied with paved roads varies across districts from 10 to 100 percent. These differences persist despite explicit commitments by the Indian state to..." Link