• Robert Barro


2021, Paper: "Data for 48 countries during the Great Influenza Pandemic imply flu-related deaths in 1918-1920 of 40 million, 2.1 percent of world population, implying 150 million deaths when applied to current population. Regressions with annual information on flu deaths 1918-1920 and war deaths during WWI imply flu-generated economic declines for GDP and consumption in the typical country of 6 and 8 percent, respectively. There is also evidence that higher flu death rates decreased realized real returns on stocks and, especially, on short-term government bills."

Non-HKS Author Website - Robert Barro