• Ian Mackenzie


A Model of Benchmarking Regulation: Revisiting the Efficiency of Environmental Standards. Ian Mackenzie, July 2014, Paper, "The conventional economic argument favors the use of market-based instruments over 'command-and-control' regulation. This viewpoint, however, is often limited in the description and characteristics of the latter; namely, environmental standards are often portrayed as lacking structured abatement incentives. Yet contemporary forms of command-and-control regulation, such as standards stipulated via benchmarking, have the potential to be efficient. We provide a first formal analysis of environmental standards based on performance benchmarks. We show that under specific conditions, standards can provide efficient incentives to improve environmental performance." Link