The Real Effects of Capital Controls: Liquidity Constraints, Exporters, and Firm Investment. Laura Alfaro, May 2014, Paper. "This paper evaluates the effects of capital controls on firm-level stock returns and real investment using data from Brazil. Theory suggests that the imposition of capital controls can drive up the cost of capital and curb investment. Credit constraints are also more likely to bind for firms that are more dependent on external finance. The data suggest that there is a significant decline in cumulative abnormal returns for Brazilian firms following the imposition of capital controls in 2008-2009 consistent with..." Link verified August 21, 2014