Segregation, Rent Control, and Riots: The Economics of Religious Conflict in an Indian City. Erica Field, Rohini Pande, January 2008, Paper: Religious conflict is an important problem in many ethnically diverse countries (Horowitz 1985). A growing literature in economics suggests that conflict over resources is frequently at the root of such violence (see, for instance, Este- ban and Ray 2007). A number of recent empirical papers provide evidence that negative economic shocks to a community, and the consequent struggle for control over resources, can help explain the eruption of historic tensions into acts of violence.”