• Ian Mackenzie


Sustaining Innovation When Outsourcing Components in Multi-technology, Multi-component Systems. Ian Mackenzie, February 2013, Paper. "Firms producing multi-technology, multi-component systems are increasingly outsourcing selected components to achieve both reduced cost and enhanced innovation benefits. Given typical inter-dependence between innovation at the system and component levels, an important challenge for the system firm is to align innovation trajectories, priorities, and pacing between the system and component firms and sustain overall system-level innovation over the longer term..." Link