• Joseph B. Fuller
  • Kerry Mckittrick
  • Ali Epstein


2023, Paper: "Forty four percent of all U.S. workers are low-wage earners. 1 Women and people of color are overrepresented in this population; and the majority of individuals have less than a college degree.2 For these workers, wage growth has largely stagnated since the 1980s.3 Many entered the workforce through low-wage jobs and became ensnared in the “low-wage trap,” cycling in and out of low-wage jobs that provide neither valuable credentials nor a path to advancement.4 Our system has failed them..."