In 2023, 688 graduates left Harvard Kennedy School for professional destinations spanning the globe, eager to apply their talents to the HKS mission of building communities that are safe, free, just, and sustainably prosperous.

Our graduates did so in a world that, while largely recovered from the COVID pandemic, wrestled with new and emerging economic, political, and social challenges. They fanned out to address them, lending their talents to public, private, and nonprofit organizations in service of a better world.

Many entered positions focused on climate change, technology, community economic development, and international development. More entered government and intergovernmental organizations than in recent years, while private sector employment fell. 

Their story is one of continued impact on the lives of others. We are proud to share it with you.

Read about each degree program

CLASS OF 2023 HIGHLIGHTS

Graduates by Degree Program

pie chart showing number of graduates in MPP, MPAID, MPA, and MCMPA programs

 

Graduates' Post-HKS Employment by Sector

pie chart showing percentage of graduates in public/IGO, private, and nonprofit/NGO employment sectors86 countries/territories are represented in this class.

 

Data Behind the Graphs

688 Graduates

230 Master in Public Policy
84 Master in Public Administration / International Development
139 Master in Public Administration
235 Mid-Career Master in Public Administration 

 

Public and IGO

36%

National / Federal Government 22%
State / Provincial Government 4%
City / Local / Regional Government 4%
IGO 6%

Nonprofit and NGO

24%

Private

35%

Unspecified

5%

 

88%
settled by Nov 2023

Settled Graduates Reporting Employment

Of 688 graduates, we have a knowledge rate of 638. 561 are settled and 535 report employment in 46 countries/territories and 32 U.S. states plus Washington D.C.

Knowledge rate: The HKS Office of Career Advancement (OCA) collected data from November 2022-2023 using a variety of techniques, including an exit survey and follow-up survey, individual email inquiries, and publicly available sources.

Settled refers to those who are employed, pursuing further education, running for office, or not seeking employment.

Employed refers to those who started a job with a new employer, are returning to a previous employer, self-employed, or launching a new venture. Of the 88% graduates settled, 84% were employed (55% with a new employer; 23% returning to their pre-HKS employer; 4% launching new ventures; and 2% self-employed); 2% were continuing their education; 1% were running for office; and 1% were not seeking employment.

85%
of employers hired only one graduate, reflecting our graduates' diverse trajectories.
Top destinations for the Class of 2023

The U.S. federal government continues to be the top employer of our graduates. The top federal government employers include the U.S. military,* U.S. Department of State, and U.S. Department of Defense.

70 graduates are working in the U.S. federal government in 24 departments and agencies.

*U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Navy, and U.S. Space Force

45 HKS graduates accepted roles in international governments around the world, including 23 national governments, 5 state/regional, and 2 city/local.

45 HKS graduates accepted roles in non-U.S. governments around the world, including 23 national governments, 5 state/regional, and 2 city/local.

131 of our graduates engaged in areas such as: climate change, community/economic development, education, health, technology, workforce development, housing/homelessness, and human rights.

CSS FOR ANCHOR - DO NOT DELETE

Master in Public Policy

The two-year Master in Public Policy (MPP) Program prepares students to understand complex global and local policy problems and construct concrete solutions.

Through courses, exercises, and fieldwork, MPPs master a conceptual tool kit that draws on the social sciences but is adapted for action. They arrive at HKS committed to improving the world and equip themselves by developing broad-spectrum analytic competency. This translates into intellectual honesty, a hunger for evidence, and the capacity to extract answerable questions from the messy clutter of real-world public problems.

Highlights for the MPP Class of 2023*

  • 53% had 3+ years of professional experience before entering HKS
  • 73% took on new jobs with new employers, 10% returned to their previous employers, and 2% launched new ventures
  • Nearly all MPPs took up summer internships in policy areas, including the U.S. federal government, state/local/regional governments, and nonprofit and nongovernmental organizations

*of reporting

 

MPP Class of 2023 Post-HKS Employment by Sector

percentages of graduates working in public/IGO, nonprofit/NGO, and private sectors

Unspecified employment sector is 3 percent. Numbers have been rounded up/down when necessary to help simplify reporting.

 

Data Behind the Statistics and Graph

Public and IGO

37%

National/Federal Government 25%
State/Provincial/Regional Government 5%
City/Local Government 3%
IGO 4%

Nonprofit and NGO

28%

Private

31%

Unspecified

3%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employers of Class of 2023 MPP Graduates

City of Boston, MA 
City of Rochester, MN
City of San Francisco, CA 
City of Seattle, WA
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Connecticut State Government
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Government of Bangladesh
Government of Canada
Government of Japan
Government of South Africa
Government of the Republic of Korea
Government of the United Kingdom
Illinois Department of Human Services
International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP-UNESCO)
Michigan Bureau of Elections
New York City Department of Parks & Recreation
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Office of Senator Edward Markey
Oklahoma City Government
State of Hawaii 
UCLA Health
UNAIDS
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
U.S. Army
U.S. Department of Agriculture
U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Department of Energy
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of the Treasury 
U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
U.S. Federal Judiciary
U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO)
U.S. Mission to the European Union
U.S. Space Force
USAID
The White House
World Bank Group

 

ACLU of Southern California
Boston Medical Center
Bridgespan Group
Center for International Forestry Research, World Agroforestry Centre 
Center for Strategic and International Studies 
Children's Institute
Civic Nation
Climate Policy Initiative
Denver Health
Education Resource Strategies
Environmental Defense Fund
Episcopal Community Services
Equal Justice Initiative
Equal Justice Under Law, in partnership with the DC Public Defender Service
Every Texan
Ford Foundation
Franklin Cummings Tech
Future of Life Institute
Growald Climate Fund
Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School, Bloomberg Center for Cities at Harvard University
Harvard Kennedy School, Center for Public Leadership
Harvard Kennedy School, Government Performance Lab
Harvard Kennedy School, Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy
Harvard Kennedy School, Taubman Center for State and Local Government Fellowship 
Harvard Kennedy School, The Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Harvard University
JULIAN
Massachusetts Cannabis Coalition
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Investment Management Company
National Endowment for Democracy
One Acre Fund
Progressive Change Campaign Committee
RAND Corporation
Results for Development
Right to the City Boston
Social Finance
Stanford University
Summit United 
TechCongress
The Ford Family Foundation
World Economic Forum, Centre For a Trustworthy Technology  
Yale School of Medicine

Accial Capital
Blue Garnett
Boston Consulting Group 
BrightUp
Chemonics
Civic Roundtable*
Copper
Covington & Burling LLP San Francisco, CA
Crosstree Real Estate Partners LLP
Deloitte Consulting LLP
Elias Law Group
Energix North America
Energy and Environmental Economics
Ernst & Young
Etsy
Galaxy
Gates Ventures
Glints
Grove Partners
Guidehouse
Hillhouse Investment
Macro Advisory Partners
McKinsey & Company
Our Next Energy (ONE)
Pathways
Raytheon
REI Systems, Inc.
S&P Global
Skadden LLP
TikTok
TIME
U.S. Innovative Technology Fund
Vannevar Labs
Whiteshield

*new venture

Defeats EATS Campaign
Joe Vogel for Congress
Josh Stein for North Carolina
Livvi*
Tana*

*new venture

Senior Associate/Associate/Consultant at a top-tier strategy consulting firm
Analyst at a U.S. federal government agency
Policy Analyst at an international city
Data Analyst at a nonprofit organization
Performance Analyst at a large U.S. city
Senior Consultant at a government consulting firm
Consultant at a development bank 
Executive Director at a U.S. city department/initiative
Foreign Service Officer
Research Fellow at a top university

Reaching for the stars, a new graduate heads for U.S. Space Force

A rocket enthusiast and marathon runner,  Megan Cordone MPP 2023 combines her strengths in physics and policy to pursue a public service career.

CSS FOR ANCHOR - DO NOT DELETE

Master in Public Administration/International Development

The two-year Master in Public Administration/International Development (MPA/ID) Program trains the next generation of leaders in international development.

This economics-centered multidisciplinary program provides meticulous training in analytic and quantitative methods with an emphasis on policy and practice. MPA/IDs demonstrate talent in economics and quantitative analysis as well as leadership potential in international development. Most have at least three years of development-related work experience before coming to HKS, typically in developing or transitional economy countries.

 Highlights for the MPA/ID Class of 2023

  • Of the class, 86% came to HKS from countries and territories outside of the United States
  • Of those reporting, 86% had at least three years of professional experience before entering HKS
  • Of those employed, 37% returned to their home countries

 

MPA/ID Class of 2023 Post-HKS Employment by Sector

percentages of graduates working in public/IGO, nonprofit/NGO, and private sectors

Unspecified employment sector is 1 percent. Numbers have been rounded up/down when necessary to help simplify reporting.

 

Data Behind the Statistics and Graph

Public and IGO

30%

National / Federal Government 14%
State / Provincial Government 1%
City / Local / Regional Government 0%
IGO 15%

Nonprofit and NGO

25%

Private

42%

Unspecified

1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employers of Class of 2023 MPA/ID Graduates

Bank of Japan
Central Bank of Chile 
Central Reserve Bank of Peru
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Fideicomisos Instituidos en Relación con la Agricultura (FIRA)
Government of Japan
Government of Jordan
Government of Mongolia
Government of Republic of South Korea
Inter-American Development Bank
International Finance Corporation
Reserve Bank of Australia
World Bank Group

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Brookings Institution
Clinton Health Access Initiative
Development Data Lab 
Evidence for Policy Design 
GiveDirectly
Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI)
Harvard Kennedy School, Bloomberg Center for Cities at Harvard University
Harvard Kennedy School, Government Performance Lab
Harvard Kennedy School, Growth Lab
Harvard University
Imago 
Innovations for Poverty Action
New America
Sanitation and Health Rights in India
Save the Children
The Nature Conservancy

Adam Smith International
Almond Fintech
Analysis Group 
Bain & Company
BlackRock
Boston Consulting Group                   
Causal Design
Deutsche Bank
INNSPIRAL
Keystone Strategy
Lazard
Macquarie Capital
McKinsey & Company
Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA)
Microsoft
Moody's
NewGlobe Education
Nomura
Pegasys Consulting
Pollination Group
Rebel
Sustainable Growth Lab, Think Policy Advisory 
Trustible 

Graphyte*

*new venture

Consultant/Associate at a top-tier strategy consulting firm
Consultant at a development bank 
Research Fellow at a top university
Manager at a large, international nonprofit organization
Economist at a nongovernmental organization
Project Manager at a Fortune 500 company

Preparing for a future in technology policy design

Siew Sanz Ng MPA/ID 2023 plans to explore the intersection between technology and public policy by using data analytics to address pressing development issues. During her five years at Axiata, a telecommunications conglomerate, she completed rotations across its South Asia and Southeast Asia operating companies, focusing on using analytics in audit, finance, and fraud prevention.

CSS FOR ANCHOR - DO NOT DELETE

Master in Public Administration

The two-year Master in Public Administration (MPA) Program equips professionals for positions of significant responsibility in the public, nonprofit, and private sectors.

Before coming to HKS, students demonstrate academic distinction, professional accomplishment and promise, graduate-level training, and at least three years of work experience. MPAs have significant latitude in designing their academic experience and take courses in a range of disciplines. Many pursue concurrent degrees in business, law, medicine, design, or another field with our partner institutions, including other schools at Harvard.

Highlights for the MPA Class of 2023

  • Of those reporting, 75% had 3+ years of professional experience as they entered HKS
  • Of those employed, 36% accepted positions in government, intergovernmental, or nonprofit organizations while 59% joined the private sector
  • 11 graduates launched new ventures

 

MPA Class of 2023 Post-HKS Employment by Sector

percentages of graduates working in public/IGO, nonprofit/NGO, and private sectors

Unspecified employment sector is 5 percent. Numbers have been rounded up/down when necessary to help simplify reporting.

Data Behind the Statistics and Graph

Public and IGO

21%

National / Federal Government 13%
State / Provincial Government 0%
City / Local / Regional Government 4%
IGO 4%

Nonprofit and NGO

16% 

Private 

59%

Unspecified

5%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employers of Class of 2023 MPA Graduates

City of Boston, MA
Government of Japan 
Government of New Zealand 
Harris County, Texas
Indonesia Financial Services Authority
Metropolitan Area Planning Council
North Atlantic Treaty Association (NATO)
Office of the Mayor, St Louis, MO
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
U.S. Army
U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Navy
World Bank Group

Arrow Impact
Bridgespan Group 
Center for AI and Digital Policy
Climate Power
Clinton Health Access Initiative
Columbia University
Community Economic Defense Project
Correctional Association of New York
Harlem Children's Zone
Harvard Kennedy School, Bloomberg Center for Cities at Harvard University
Harvard University
Housing Association of Nonprofit Developers (HAND)
King Philanthropies
Korea International Trade Association
Lemann Foundation
Project Together
Shared America*
Sustainable Development Solutions Network

*new venture

1Climate*
Advent International
Afinidata
Agoda
Alpaca VC
Alpine Investors
Andurand Capital
Azimuth Capital Management 
Barclays
Behavioral Communications LLC
Black Opal Ventures
Blue Power Partners
Boston Consulting Group
Checkr, Inc.
Crest Investment Company
Cruise AV company 
Dalberg
Deloitte Consulting LLP
Dignitize*
Dion Training Solutions
Dua AG
Eki Agrivoltaics*
Ernst & Young
Evercore
Ginkgo Bioworks
Goldman Sachs
Google
GSR Ventures
Guggenheim
Kodai Investment Management
LGI
Lowercarbon Capital
Ludis Analytics
Lumen Energy
McKinsey & Company
Metrea
Nature's Fynd 
Pathways*
The Vistria Group
Thinking heads
TLcom Capital LLP
Vision Ridge Partners
Zanskar Geothermal & Minerals, Inc.

*new venture

AIKUA, Ltd.*
AugMend Health*
DetoXyFi*
Shepherd's*
TUKA*

*new venture

Senior Consultant at a large government consulting firm
Associate at a top investment firm
Consultant at a top strategy consulting firm
Senior leader at an international nonprofit organization
Director at a U.S.-based nonprofit organization
Director of an international national government agency

Re-envisioning a new Black agenda for Boston

David Corbie MPA 2023 is sparking a new conversation about how to shift the paradigm in Boston and strengthen opportunities for the city’s Black community.

CSS FOR ANCHOR - DO NOT DELETE

Mid-Career Master in Public Administration

The one-year Mid-Career Master in Public Administration (MC/MPA) Program trains highly accomplished mid-career professionals to learn how to tackle the world’s most complex public challenges.

MC/MPAs hone their skills, redefine their career goals, and pursue specialized interests through a flexible curriculum either at HKS, other Harvard graduate schools, or schools in the Boston area. They come from professions in the public, nonprofit, and private sectors, and many become heads of state, cabinet ministers, military officers, diplomats, journalists, chief executives, and nongovernmental organization directors.

Highlights for the MC/MPA Class of 2023

  • Of those reporting, 42% returned to their previous organizations either by preference or contract/prior agreement
  • Of those employed, 72% accepted positions in the public sector or with nonprofit/nongovernmental organizations
  • Many took up leadership roles in emerging areas such as climate change, technology, environmental sustainability, and community economic development    

 

MC/MPA Class of 2023 Post-HKS Employment by Sector

percentages of graduates working in public/IGO, nonprofit/NGO, and private sectors

Unspecified employment sector is 8 percent. Numbers have been rounded up/down when necessary to help simplify reporting.

Data Behind the Statistics and Graph

Public and IGO

47%

National / Federal Government 28%
State / Provincial Government 7%
City / Local / Regional Government 5%
IGO 7%

Nonprofit and NGO

25%

Private 

20%

Unspecified

8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employers of Class of 2023 MC/MPA Graduates

Abu Dhabi Family Care Authority 
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Ayalon Highways
California Office of the Attorney General
City of Boston, MA
City of Cape Town, South Africa
City of Lancaster, PA 
City of New York Police Department
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Government of Argentina
Government of Australia
Government of Bangladesh
Government of Brazil
Government of Canada
Government of Egypt
Government of Germany
Government of Haryana, India
Government of Himachal Pradesh, India 
Government of India
Government of Israel
Government of Kerala, India
Government of New Zealand
Government of Nigeria
Government of Pakistan 
Government of Saudi Arabia
Government of Sindh, Pakistan
Government of Singapore 
Government of Taiwan
Government of Telangana, India
Government of Thailand
Government of Ukraine
Islamic Development Bank
New York Police Department
Ouray County, CO
South African Reserve Bank
United Nations
United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
United Nations International Organization for Migration
U.S. Air Force
U.S. Army
U.S. Coast Guard
U.S. Congress
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of Treasury, FinCEN
U.S. Navy
U.S. Office of Management and Budget
U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Presidential Management Fellow
U.S. Space Force
World Bank Group

Arkanum Inc
Asia Society Policy Institute
Draper Labs
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Good Jobs First
Hack.Diversity
Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School, Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation
Harvard Kennedy School, Center for International Development
Harvard Kennedy School, Center for Public Leadership
Harvard Kennedy School, Government Performance Lab
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Harvard University
India House Foundation
Junior Achievement Zimbabwe
Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences 
Mahidol University 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Technology Collaborative
Middle East Institute
National Caucus of Environmental Legislators
National Democratic Institute
Next Century Cities
Oxfam America 
Singapore Sustainable Finance Association
Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center's Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital
The Future of Free Speech, Vanderbilt University
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
Ukraine Global Scholars Foundation
Union Square Main Streets, Inc.
World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum, Centre for the Fourth Revolution Rwanda
Yesodot, The Center for Torah and Democracy

Amazon Web Services 
Baiterek National Managing Holding
Bluebeam
BNP Paribas
BrightNight
Dalberg
Deloitte Consulting LLP
Defense Technology Foundation
Ernst & Young
Freedom Capital Markets
Freya Savings*
Fujitsu Research Institute
Google
Healr Solutions 
Impact Investment Exchange (IIX)
Integrative Medicine Center of Ithaca*
Kaya Partners
Kunumi
Lightsource BP
Ophthalmic Associates/CallDR
Pendleton Properties, LLC*
RA Capital Management
REI Systems, Inc.
Sauro Investments
Taste of Kenya
Tesla
The National Public Transport Authority, Ministry of Transportation
The Propel Labs
ThinkHat Software Inc. 
Uber
VMCA Advogados*
Walmart
Weinberg & Co Law Office 

* new venture

Search Fund* 
Stealth Startup (YC W24)*
The JCN Group*
XR Ventures*

* new venture

Senior Executive of a nonprofit organization
Executive Director of an international nonprofit organization
Director of a national government agency
Director of a city government department
Fellow/Visiting Scholar at a top university
Head of Public Policy at a Fortune 100 company
Senior Manager at a large, international bank
Officer within the U.S. Military
 

Correa is combining her experience as a judge with the skills she learned at HKS to launch a program for police charged with criminal offenses.

 

A lawyer looks to HKS to bridge his legal career with his advocacy work.

 

A film director and producer looks to policy to help change the trajectory of centuries-old injustice.  

 

Kayali is combining her humanitarian drive, business experience, and skills she has gained at HKS to make a difference in the region.

 

A prominent youth activist during the 2011 uprising finds new ways to understand the continuing struggle for democracy in Egypt.

 

Deputy mayor of Kyiv struggles with decision, makes bet on better future in leaving homeland for training at Kennedy School.

CSS FOR ANCHOR - DO NOT DELETE

Combined Degrees

The two-year MPP, MPA/ID, and MPA programs allow a combined (joint or concurrent) degree track for students to earn a second graduate degree—an MBA, MD, or JD, for example—from a professional school either at Harvard or at a partner academic institution.

Twenty-six percent of the Class of 2023 two-year graduates earned a combined degree.

 

Post-HKS Employment Sector Comparison

pie charts showing sole HKS vs. combined degree graduates working in public/IGO, nonprofit/NGO, and private sectors
Data Behind the Graphs

Sole HKS Degree Graduates

Public and IGO 38%
Nonprofit and NGO 28%
Private 31%
Unspecified or Campaign 3%

 

 

 

 

 

Combined Degree Graduates

Public and IGO 10%
Nonprofit and NGO 14%
Private 72%
Unspecified  or Campaign 4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employers of Class of 2023 Graduates Who Earned a Combined Degree

Public Sector and International Governmental Organizations

City of Seattle, WA
New York City Department of Parks and Recreation
UCLA Health
U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
U.S. Federal Judiciary

Nonprofit Sector and Nongovernmental Organizations

ACLU of Southern California
Boston Medical Center
Denver Health
Equal Justice Initiative
Equal Justice Under Law, in partnership with the DC Public Defender Service
Harvard Kennedy School, Center for Public Leadership
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Investment Management Company
Yale School of Medicine, Emergency Medicine

Private Sector

Accial Capital
Boston Consulting Group
BrightUp
Civic Roundtable
Copper
Covington & Burling LLP San Francisco, CA
Crosstree Real Estate Partners LLP
Elias Law Group LLP
Galaxy
Gates Ventures
Glints
McKinsey & Company
Skadden LLP
U.S. Innovative Technology Fund
Vannevar Labs

Unspecified

Livvi
Tana

Private Sector

BlackRock
Boston Consulting Group
Macquarie Capital
McKinsey & Company
Microsoft
Trustible

Public Sector and International Governmental Organizations

Metropolitan Area Planning Council 
U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Navy


Nonprofit Sector and Nongovernmental Organizations

Arrow Impact
Bridgespan Group
Harlem Children's Zone
Harvard Kennedy School, Bloomberg Center for Cities at Harvard University
Housing Association of Nonprofit Developers (HAND)
King Philanthropies


Private Sector

1Climate
Alpaca VC
Alpine Investors
Andurand Capital
Azimuth Capital Management 
Barclays
Behavioral Communications LLC
Black Opal Ventures
Boston Consulting Group
Checkr, Inc.
Deloitte Consulting LLP
Dignitize
Dion Training Solutions
Ernst & Young
Evercore
Goldman Sachs
Google
GSR Ventures
Guggenheim
Kodai Investment Management
Lowercarbon Capital
Ludis Analytics
Lumen Energy
McKinsey & Company
Metrea
The Vistria Group
TLcom Capital LLP
Vision Ridge Partners
Zanskar Geothermal & Minerals, Inc.

 

Unspecified

DetoXyFi

Strengthening public institutions and empowering public servants

Austin Boral MPP/MBA 2023 wants public officials to retain and share what they learn tackling the most complex public problems—from election administration to homelessness response—and build government’s institutional memory along the way.