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Gender inequality in workplaces and in homes around the globe reflects individual attitudes and abilities, intra-household bargaining and legal and socio-cultural influences. Research that considers factors across the individual, household and cultural levels simultaneously is essentially nonexistent. We explore how gender attitudes are shaped by the national context, how these shape intra-household bargaining, and how women's and men's lives at work and at home are altered in the process. We hypothesize that women's income and their involvement in leadership roles are shaped by gender attitudes and intra-household bargaining outcomes, including the allocation of household work and childcare. We also predict that more equal distribution of household work and childcare between spouses and less traditional gender attitudes are associated with higher earnings, greater supervisory responsibility, and greater life satisfaction for both men and women.