Climate science initially aspired to improve understanding of what the future would bring, and thereby produce appropriate public policies and effective international climate agreements. If that hope is dashed, as now seems probable, effective policies for adapting to climate change become critical. Climate science assumes new responsibilities by helping to foster more appropriate adaptation measures, which might include shifting modes or locales of production. This theoretical article focuses on two broader tools: consumption smoothing in response to the risk of future losses, and physical adaptation measures to reduce potential damages. It shows that informative signals on the effects of climate change facilitate better decisions on the use of each tool, thereby increasing social welfare.
Freeman, Mark C., Ben Groom, and Richard J. Zeckhauser. "Better Predictions, Better Allocations: Scientific Advances and Adaptation to Climate Change." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences 373.2055 (October 2015).