Miller, Lee, and David W. Keith. "Climatic Impacts of Wind Power." Joule 2.12 (December 2018): 2618-2632.

Abstract

Wind power can impact the climate by altering the atmospheric boundary layer, with at least 40 papers and 10 observational studies now linking wind power to climatic impacts. We make the first comparison between the climatic impacts of large-scale wind power and site-scale observations, finding agreement that warming from wind turbines is largest at night. Wind power's climatic impacts will continue to expand as more are installed.