HKS Authors

See citation below for complete author information.

Director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy
Berthold Beitz Professor in Human Rights, Global Affairs and Philosophy


The article discusses the non-parochial point of view on the common ownership of the Earth. It highlights the characteristics of human rights with respect to local conventions, institutions, culture, and religion. It also offers information on the study that aims to explore the contingent derivation of human rights through the common point of view in the 17th century. It further explains that human rights are membership rights in the global order, which are partly inferred from the point of view of collective ownership


Risse, Mathias. "Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non-Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights." European Journal of Philosophy 17.2 (June 2009): 277-304.