HKS Authors

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We extend the scaling methodology previously used in Bonica (2014) to jointly scale the American federal judiciary and legal profession in a common-space with other political actors. The end result is the first data set of consistently measured ideological scores across all tiers of the federal judiciary and the legal profession, including 840 federal judges and 380,307 attorneys. To illustrate these measures, we present two examples involving the U.S. Supreme Court. These data open up significant areas of scholarly inquiry.


Bonica, Adam, and Maya Sen. "A Common-Space Scaling of the American Judiciary and Legal Profession." Political Analysis 25.1 (January 2017): 114-121.