This study examines the effects of goal framing on opinion about a public health issue. A content analysis of newspaper coverage regarding a New York City trans fat ban identified four frames, each of which invoked a policy goal (promoting public health or protecting business). An experiment tested the effects of goal framing on support for banning trans fat, as well as the effects of competition between frames invoking the same goal and competition between frames invoking different goals. The findings suggest that goal framing can shape opinion about public health issues but that competitive framing can undermine these effects.
Wise, David A., and Paul R. Brewer. "Competing Frames for a Public Health Issue and Their Effects on Public Opinion." Mass Communication & Society 13.4 (September 2010): 435-457.