In Deepfakes and Cheap Fakes, Data & Society Affiliates Britt Paris and Joan Donovan trace decades of audiovisual (AV) manipulation to demonstrate how evolving technologies aid consolidations of power in society. Deepfakes, they find, are no new threat to democracy.
Paris, Britt, and Donovan, Joan. "Deepfakes and Cheap Fakes." Data & Society, September 18, 2019.