In spite of the difficult fiscal situation, President Obama's FY 2011 budget request for energy research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) would increase funding for applied energy RD&D programs by 7 percent over the FY 2010 appropriation, to $3.9 billion. Most of the increase in the applied programs comes from the $300 million that would be allocated to ARPA-E. Funding for basic energy science research would increase by 12 percent, to $1.8 billion. Combining one-third of the funds provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) for basic energy sciences, energy RD&D programs, biological and environmental research, and energy technology deployment—roughly the amount expected to be spent during FY 2011—the FY 2011 request would result in total investments of over $17 billion, which exceeds President Obama's campaign promise to invest $15 billion a year for energy technology innovation. Once the ARRA funds are spent, however, it is unclear how current levels of investment in energy technology innovation will be maintained.
Anadon, Laura Diaz, Matthew Bunn, Gabriel Chan, Melissa Chan, Kelly Sims Gallagher, Charles Jones, Ruud Kempener, Audrey Lee, and Venkatesh Narayanamurti. "DOE FY 2011 Budget Request for Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment: Analysis and Recommendations." Report for Energy Technology Innovation Policy Research Group, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, April 2010.