We examine the effects of exposure to malaria in early childhood on educational attainment and economic status in adulthood by exploiting geographic variation in malaria prevalence in India prior to a nationwide eradication program in the 1950s. We find that the program led to modest increases in household per capita consumption for prime age men, and the effects for men are larger than those for women in most specifications. We find no evidence of increased educational attainment for men and mixed evidence for women.
Cutler, David, Winnie Fung, Michael Kremer, Monica Singhal, and Tom Vogl. "Early-life Malaria Exposure and Adult Outcomes: Evidence from Malaria Eradication in India." American Economic Journal 2.2 (April 2010): 72-94.