HKS Authors

See citation below for complete author information.

Teresa and John Heinz Research Professor of Environmental Policy


Without energy, there is no economy. Without climate, there is no environment. Without economy and environment, there is no material well-being, no civil society, no personal or national security. The overriding problem associated with these realities, of course, is that the world has long been getting most of the energy its economies need from fossil fuels whose emissions are imperiling the climate that its environment needs. Compounding that predicament are emissions from land-use change—above all, deforestation in the developing countries of the tropics. Like society’s choices about energy supply and use, this process has been driven by powerful economic and political forces insufficiently moderated by understanding or consideration of the environmental component of societal well-being.


Holdren, John P. "Energy for Change: Introduction to the Special Issue on Energy & Climate Change." Innovations 4.4 (Fall 2009): 3-11.