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Approximately 23 million people struggle with medical debt in the U.S. This amounts to over $195 billion debt in collection. The burden of healthcare costs on patients is defined quantitatively as catastrophic health expenditures (CHE). The burden of CHE among surgical patients remains unknown. The goal of this study was to define the burden of CHE on surgical patients in the U.S.


Rae, Ali I., Anam Noor Ehsan, Alan Yang, Hannah Gilder, Niteesh K. Choudhary, Justin B. Dimick, Marcella Alsan, Andrea Pusic, Kavitha L. Ranganathan. "The Epidemiology of Postoperative Catastrophic Health Expenditure in The United States." Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open 11.4S (April 2023): 51.