The Economic Journal
Vol. 129, Issue 618, Pages 651-677
This article tests whether firm growth reduces corruption, using data from over 10,000 Vietnamese firms. We employ instrumental variables based on growth in a firm's industry in other provinces within Vietnam and in China. We find that firm growth reduces bribes as a share of revenues. We propose a mechanism for this effect whereby government officials' decisions about bribes are modulated by inter-jurisdictional competition. This mechanism also implies that growth reduces bribery more for more mobile firms; consistent with this prediction, we find a larger effect for firms with transferable rights to their land or operations in multiple provinces.
Bai, Jie, Seema Jayachandran, Edmund J. Malesky, and Benjamin A. Olken. "Firm Growth and Corruption: Empirical Evidence From Vietnam." The Economic Journal 129.618 (February 2019): 651-677.